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Protomonaxonida

Demospongea - Protomonaxonida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2004Protomonaxonida Finks et al. p. 9
2005Protomonaxonida Rigby and von Bitter p. 460

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
classDemospongea(Sollas 1875)
RankNameAuthor
orderProtomonaxonida
orderProtomonaxonida

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: silicac
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-12-09 12:05:30
Modified: 2010-02-10 07:48:47
Source: c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Whittington et al. 1997

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Atdabanian to the top of the Pleistocene or 520.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 516.0 Ma

Collections (144 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Choia striata, Choia utahensis (96370)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choiaella radiatia, Choia ridley, Choia carteri, Choia hindei, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Allantospongia mica, Choia utahensis, Wapkia grandis, Halichondrites elissa, Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula, Hamptonia chengjiangensis (156226)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Spain (Aragon) Crumillospongia mureroensis (120550 120552)
Caerfai530.0 - 513.0USA (Vermont) Leptomitus sp. (191)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Greenland (Peary Land) Choia hindei (90574)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Yunnan) Allantospongia mica, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90150) Choia hindei, Choiaella radiata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90164) Choia hindei, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90166) Choia xiaolantianensis, Choiaella radiata, Hazelia palmata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (86851) Choiaella radiata (90165) Choiaella radiata, Allantospongia mica (96405) Halichondrites sp., Choia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Allantospongia mica, Hazelia palmata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (68083) Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (90494) Leptomitella sp., Leptomitus sp., Paraleptomitella sp., Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp. (86929) Leptomitella teretiusculus, Halichondrites sp., Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (86846) Leptomitus sp., Paraleptomitella sp., Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp., Halicondrites sp. (86930) Leptomitus teretiusculus (96410) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (96402) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90138) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (96412) Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (96413)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Leptomitella sp. (96659 96660)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Guizhou) Choiaella radiata (86849)
Atdabanian - Botomian520.0 - 513.0Greenland Choia hindei (121183 121184 121185)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Sakha) Lenica unica (121186)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Australia (South Australia) Leptomitidae indet., Hamptoniidae indet., Choiidae indet. (187498)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choia sp. (90368)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Yakutia) Lenica sp., Wapkia sp. (90438)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Pennsylvania) Leptomitus sp. (192)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Vermont) Leptomitus zitteli (121235)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choia hindei, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (132327) Halichondrites sp., Hazelia sp., Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (132329 132330) Hazelia sp.nov, Choiaella radiata (194155) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Halichondrites elissa, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194150) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Halichondrites elissa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (194163) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194143 194160) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194161) Hazelia sp.nov, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194153 194162) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194141) Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194140)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Guizhou) Choia zunyiensis, Leptomitus teretiusculus (128419) Leptomitus sp. (128420) Leptomitus teretiusculus (128421)
Dyeran - Delamaran516.0 - 505.0USA (Pennsylvania) Hazelia walcotti (121236)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0USA (Utah) Choia sp. (77217)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0Canada (British Columbia) Choia carteri, Choia ridleyi, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Choia hindei, Leptomitus lineatus, Hazelia palmata, Hazelia dignata, Falospongia ramosa, Takakkawia lineata (121963) Choia carteri, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus (121954) Choia carteri, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus, Wapkia grandis, Wapkia elongata, Pirania muricata, Hazelia conferta, Takakkawia lineata (121959) Choia carteri, Leptomitus lineatus (121953) Choia carteri, Wapkia grandis (121955) Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp., Halicondrites elissa, Leptomitus lineatus, Wapkia grandis, Pirania muricata, Falospongia falata, Takakkawia lineata (84428) Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus, Wapkia grandis, Pirania muricata, Falospongia falata (84427) Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp., Leptomitus lineatus, Wapkia grandis, Pirania muricata, Falospongia falata, Takakkawia lineata (84426) Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus, Pirania muricata, Falospongia falata, Takakkawia lineata (84424) Falospongia sp., Choia carteri, Choia ridleyi, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus, Leptomitus undulatus, Wapkia grandis, Wapkia elongata, Halichondrites elissa, Pirania muricata, Hazelia palmata, Hazelia conferta, Hazelia crateria, Hazelia delicatula, Hazelia dignata, Hazelia luteria, Hazelia obscura, Hazelia lobata, Hazelia nodulifera, Falospongia falata, Crumillospongia frondosa, Crumillospongia biporosa, Takakkawia lineata, Moleculospina mammillata (121962) Halichondrites sp., Choia carteri, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Hamptoniella foliata, Hamptoniella hirsuta, Ulospongiella ancyla, Hapalospongia flexuosa, Pirania muricata, Hazelia palmata, Hazelia conferta, Hazelia delicatula, Hazelia grandis (121957) Halichondrites sp., Choia carteri, Pirania muricata, Hazelia palmata, Falospongia ramosa (121960) Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitella incepta, Pirania muricata (121956) Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus (121966) Hamptonia elongata, Pirania muricata, Hazelia palmata, Takakkawia lineata (121961) Hazelia dignata (121964) Hazelia sp. (84413 84414 84416 84417 84436) Hazelia sp., Halicondrites elissa, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Takakkawia lineata (84430) Hazelia sp., Halicondrites elissa, Takakkawia lineata (84420 84429) Hazelia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki (84421) Hazelia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Takakkawia lineata (84415 84431) Hazelia sp., Leptomitus lineatus, Pirania muricata, Takakkawia lineata (84425) Hazelia sp., Takakkawia lineata (84412 84418 84419 84422 84432 84433 84434 84435 84437) Hazelia sp., Wapkia grandis, Takakkawia lineata (84423) Ulospongiella ancyla, Pirania muricata (121958) Wapkia grandis, Pirania muricata (121965)
Menevian513.0 - 501.0USA (Utah) Choia carteri, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Choia utahensis (56187) Hamptonia bowerbanki, Choia hindei, Leptomitus metta (56186) Hazelia palmata (7909)
Middle Cambrian513.0 - 501.0Canada (Brithish Columbia) Hazelia sp., Pirania sp. (188664) Leptomitus sp. (188662) Leptomitus sp., Wapkia sp. (188661)
Middle Cambrian513.0 - 501.0Canada (British Columbia) Leptomitus sp. (171308)
Middle Cambrian513.0 - 501.0USA (Utah) Choia carteri, Choia ridleyi, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Hamptonia parva (106179)
St Davids513.0 - 501.0Spain Leptomitus lineatus (55501)
St Davids513.0 - 501.0Canada (British Columbia) Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus lineatus, Crumillospongia frondosa (122072) Hazelia sp. (215) Pirania sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Wapkia grandis, Falospongia ramosa, Crumillospongia frondosa (122017) Takakkawia sp., Choia carteri, Leptomitus lineatus, Pirania muricata, Hazelia delicatula (122094)
St Davids513.0 - 501.0USA (Utah) Choia carteri, Choia utahensis (121233) Choia sp. (216)
St Davids513.0 - 501.0Spain (Zaragoza) Leptomitus conicus (90546)
Marjumian513.0 - 498.5USA (Utah) Archaeoscyphidae indet. (261) Choia carteri, Hamptonia bowerbanki, Choia utahensis, Leptomitus metta (77206) Choia utahensis (56144) Hamptonia bowerbanki, Choia hindei, Leptomitus metta (77207) Hamptonia sp., Leptomitus sp., Choia sp. (260)
Mayan505.0 - 501.0Iran (Semnan) Hazeliidae indet. (22822)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco Hamptonia sp., Choiaella sp., Choia sp., Pirania auraeum, Hamptonia christi (96112)
Floian - Dapingian477.7 - 467.3Morocco Choia sp., Pirania auraeum, Hamptonia christi (120549)
Caradoc460.9 - 449.5United Kingdom (Scotland) Choiaella scotica (184250)
Sandbian458.4 - 453.0United Kingdom (Wales) Xylochos palindromica (120627 120628 120629) Xylochos palindromica, Pirania llanfawrensis (120626)
Maysvillian452.0 - 449.5Canada (Manitoba) Trichospongiella hystrix (120497)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (British Columbia) Wareiella typicala (120573)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4Canada (British Columbia) Wareiella typicala (120526)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Gemuenden) Choia sp. (26903)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Pohlispongia monosphaera (62061)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Texas) Luterospongia texana (111699)
Roadian - Wordian272.3 - 265.1USA (Utah) Lobatospongia nodensis (121153)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9USA (Texas) Mckittrickella pratti (75975 75976) Monaxoradiata lamina (75969)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Leptomitidae indet. (202145)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Halichondrites sp. (154138)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Russian Federation (Yaroslavl) Stramentella helminthophora (116450)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Russian Federation (Moskovskaya Oblast) Stramentella ostaschovensis (116451)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9USSR (Russian Plain) Stramentella ostaschovensis (2515)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Germany (Niedersachsen) Opetionella radians (110963) Rhizopsis horrida, Opetionella poculum (110531)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Germany (Niedersachsen) Rhizopsis horrida (110530)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Spain Opetionella sp. (61247)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Portugal Tethyidae indet. (117021)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Canada (Ontario) Tethya logani (65331 65465 65894)