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Anthozoa -

Zoantharia was named by de Blainville (1830). It is extant.

It was assigned to Anthozoa by Squires (1984), Squires (1987) and Ezaki (2000).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1830Zoantharia de Blainville
1984Zoantharia Squires p. 14
1987Zoantharia Squires p. 19
2000Zoantharia Ezaki p. 202

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phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalc
Diet: microcarnivorec
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 14:54:32
Modified: 2010-02-09 05:44:22
Source: c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Botomian to the top of the Holocene or 516.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 513.0 Ma

Collections (6847 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Australia (South Australia) Arrowipora fromensis, Blinmanipora hawkerensis (79944)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Nevada) Harklessia yuenglingensis (63883)
Soudleyan - Actonian457.5 - 452.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Kilbuchophyllia discoidea (123174)
Wordian - Capitanian268.8 - 259.9China (Guizhou) Houchangocyathus wangi (47456)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9China (Guizhou) Houchangocyathus wangi (107697) Houchangocyathus wangi, Houchangocyathus yaoi (47466 107696)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Caryophillia quadrifida (130870)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Guangxi) Distichophyllia sp., Radiophyllia astylatus, Radiophyllia stylatus, Proretiophyllia tianyangensis, Pentasmilia guangxiensis, Stylophyllopsis minisculus, Volzeia degeensis, Distichophyllia decora, Pinacophyllum spizzensis (81045)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Greece Scleractinia indet. (73815)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Slovenia Scleractinia indet. (36524)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Spain Scleractinia indet. (73975)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Cyathocoenia sp. A, Cyathocoenia sp. B, Margarophyllia sp., Montlivaltia sp. A, Retiophyllia sp. A, Retiophyllia sp. B, Retiophyllia sp. C, Retiophyllia sp. D, Retiophyllia sp. E, Stylophyllopsis sp. A, Thamnasteria sp. A, Thamnasteria sp. B, Thamnasteria sp. C, Procyclolitidae indet., Procyathophora fuerstenbergensis, Pamiroseris silesiaca, Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Radiophyllia pygmaeus, Stylophyllopsis ramosa, Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (81047)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy Margarosmilia sp. (49932) Retiophyllia sp. (49916 49929 49930)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Hungary (Baranya) Conophyllia recondita, Montlivaltia sp., Thamnasteria sp., Conophyllia clepsydrae, Conophyllia omphale, Margarosmilia confluens, Coccophyllum sp. (78645)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Poland Cyathocoenia sp., Coelocoenia decipiens, Pamiroseris silesiaca, Silesiastraea weissermeli, Eckastraea prisca (34731) Pamiroseris sp. (34732)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Scleractinia indet. (31610)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Vicentin) Thamnasteria silesica, Procyathophora sp. (87260)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy Scleractinia indet., Pamiroseris sp., Retiophyllia sp. 2, Retiophyllia sp. 1, Zardinophyllum sp. (23570)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Poland Pamiroseris silesiaca (25131) Volzeia szulci (25129)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Margarophyllia vortica (31611 31616) Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31629) Neoconophyllia guiyangensis, Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis (31626) Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31618 31622) Pamiroseris silesiaca, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31623) Procyathopora fuerstenbergensis, Promargarosmilia sp., Neoconophyllia guiyangensis, Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31628) Promargarosmilia sp. (31627) Promargarosmilia sp., Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31619 31620) Promargarosmilia sp., Pamiroseris silesiaca, Margarophyllia vortica (31617) Promargarosmilia sp., Pamiroseris silesiaca, Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31631) Promargarosmilia sp., Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Margarophyllia vortica (31624) Promargarosmilia sp., Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31632) Scleractinia indet., Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31612) Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31625) Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (31621)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Pamiroseris silesiaca, Neoconophyllia guiyangensis, Semidistichophyllum guizhouensis, Procyathophora furstenbergensis, Margarophyllia vortica, Neoconophyllia leidapoensis (78655)