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Hymenoptera

Insecta - Hymenoptera

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Hymenoptera Linnaeus p. 341
1759Hymenoptera Schreber p. 14
1761Hymenoptera Linnaeus p. 385
1763Aculeata Scopoli p. 273
1764Hymenoptera Müller p. 67
1767Hymenoptera Linnaeus p. 917
1768Hymenoptera Strøm p. 344
1770Hymenoptera Drury
1771Hymenoptera Forster p. 77
1776Hymenoptera Müller p. 147
1780Hymenoptera Harris p. 95
1796Hymenoptera Latreille p. 105
1798Piezata Fabricius p. 209
1836Cleptis stenstrupii Beck p. 219
1867Symphyta Gerstaecker p. 2
1897Chalastogastra Konow
1921Hymenoptera Cockerell
1923Chalastogastra Meunier p. 85
1937Pseudisobrachium oligocenicum Theobald pp. 397, 398 figs. Pl XXVIII fig 16
1955Symphyta Riek p. 656
1980Siricomorpha Rasnitsyn
1983Mesopamphila Hong
1985Symphyta Hong and Wang p. 7
1985Hymenoptera Hong and Wang p. 16
1985Shandongodes necrodes Zhang p. 35 figs. Pl 6, fig 28; text-fig 17
1988Pseudisobrachium oligocenicum Sorg p. 74
1992Hymenoptera Carpenter
1992Symphyta Carpenter
2000Symphyta Schlüter p. 76
2004Hymenoptera Kukalová-Peck and Lawrence
2006Hymenoptera Beutel and Pohl
2012Pseudisobrachium oligocenicum Azevedo and Azar p. 217
2014Hymenoptera Misof et al.
2015Siricomorpha Archibald and Rasnitsyn
2018Pseudisobrachium oligocenicum Azevedo et al. p. 125
2022Hymenoptera Engel

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
RankNameAuthor
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
subclassPterygota()
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
Holometabola
Hymenopterida
orderHymenoptera
orderHymenoptera

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Hymenoptera Linnaeus 1758
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Unr. Aculeati Latreille 1802
+
Unr. Nemoglossata Latreille 1802
+
Fm. Apiariae Latreille 1802
+
Invalid names: Apes Latreille 1802 [empty], Bombi Latreille 1802 [empty], Ceratinae Latreille 1802 [empty], Eucerae Latreille 1802 [empty], Megachiles Latreille 1802 [empty], Parasitae Latreille 1802 [empty], Xylocopae Latreille 1802 [empty]
Unr. Platiglossata Latreille 1802
+
Invalid names: Andrenetae Latreille 1802 [empty], Crabronites Latreille 1802 [empty], Formicariae Latreille 1802 [empty], Philantores Latreille 1802 [empty], Scolietae Latreille 1802 [empty], Sphegimae Latreille 1802 [empty]
Superfm. Anaxyeloidea Martynov 1925
+
Fm. Anaxyelidae Martynov 1925
+
Subfm. †Anaxyelinae Martynov 1925
+
G. †Anasyntexis Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Anasyntexis strophandra Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Anaxyela Martynov 1925
+
Anaxyela destructa Rasnitsyn 1969
Anaxyela gracilis Martynov 1925
+
Invalid names: Anaxyela martynovi Cockerell 1928 [synonym]
Anaxyela nana Rasnitsyn 1968
Anaxyela parvula Rasnitsyn 1963
G. †Brachysyntexis Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Brachysyntexis acuta Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis brachyura Rasnitsyn 1968
Brachysyntexis brevicornis Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis laticella Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis micrura Rasnitsyn 1969
Brachysyntexis minuta Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis nova Rasnitsyn 1969
Brachysyntexis robusta Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2006
Brachysyntexis rohweri Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis sinensis Kopylov et al. 2020
Brachysyntexis tenebrosa Kopylov 2018
Brachysyntexis tigris Kopylov 2018
G. †Dolichostigma Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Dolichostigma tenuipes Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Kempendaja Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Kempendaja jacutensis Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Kulbastavia Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Kulbastavia grandis Kopylov 2018
Kulbastavia macrura Rasnitsyn 1963
G. †Mangus Kopylov 2019
+
Mangus magnus Kopylov 2019
G. †Sphenosyntexis Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Sphenosyntexis antonovi Rasnitsyn 1963
Sphenosyntexis pallicornis Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Syntexyela Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Syntexyela asiatica Rasnitsyn 1968
Syntexyela continentalis Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2006
Syntexyela gracilicornis Rasnitsyn 1968
Syntexyela inversa Rasnitsyn 1968
Syntexyela media Rasnitsyn 1963
G. †Urosyntexis Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Urosyntexis depressa Rasnitsyn 1969
Urosyntexis drepanura Rasnitsyn 1968
Urosyntexis magna Rasnitsyn 1968
Urosyntexis undosa Kopylov 2019
Invalid names: Dolichostigmatinae Rasnitsyn 1968 [synonym], Kempendajinae Rasnitsyn 1980 [synonym]
Subfm. Syntexinae Benson 1935
+
G. †Cretosyntexis Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
+
Cretosyntexis montsecensis Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
G. †Curiosyntexis Kopylov 2019
+
Curiosyntexis magadanicus Kopylov 2019
G. †Curvitexis Jouault et al. 2022
+
Curvitexis kopylovi Jouault et al. 2022
G. †Daosyntexis Kopylov et al. 2020
+
Daosyntexis primus Kopylov et al. 2020
G. †Dolichosyntexis Kopylov 2019
+
G. †Eosyntexis Rasnitsyn 1990
+
Eosyntexis catalonicus Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
Eosyntexis parva Ortega-Blanco et al. 2008
Eosyntexis senilis Rasnitsyn 1990
Eosyntexis tuffinae Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998
G. †Orthosyntexis Gao et al. 2021
+
Orthosyntexis elegans Gao et al. 2021
Orthosyntexis thanti Gao et al. 2021
G. †Parasyntexis Kopylov 2019
+
Parasyntexis khasurtensis Kopylov 2019
G. †Sclerosyntexis Wang et al. 2020
+
Sclerosyntexis hirsuta Wang et al. 2020
Invalid names: Paraxiphydriinae Gao et al. 2022 [synonym]
Fm. †Bryopompilidae Engel and Grimaldi 2006
+
Invalid names: Bryopompilidae Rodriguez et al. 2016 [objective synonym]
G. †Nygmatius Hong 1983
+
Superfm. Pamphilioidea Cameron 1890 [sawfly]
+
Fm. Megalodontesidae Konow 1897
+
Subfm. †Archoxyelydinae Wang et al. 2013
+
G. †Archoxyelyda Wang et al. 2013
+
Archoxyelyda mirabilis Wang et al. 2013
G. †Xyelydontes Rasnitsyn 1983
+
Xyelydontes sculpturatus Rasnitsyn 1983
Subfm. †Decorisiricinae Wang et al. 2015
+
G. †Brevisiricius Wang et al. 2015
+
Brevisiricius partialis Wang et al. 2015
G. †Decorisiricius Wang et al. 2015
+
Decorisiricius longus Wang et al. 2015
Decorisiricius patulus Wang et al. 2015
G. †Limbisiricius Wang et al. 2015
+
Limbisiricius aequalis Wang et al. 2015
Limbisiricius complanatus Wang et al. 2015
G. †Jibaissodes Ren 1995
+
Jibaissodes bellus Gao et al. 2016
Jibaissodes peichenae Wang et al. 2019
Subfm. Megalodontesinae Konow 1897
+
Invalid names: Rudisiriciinae Gao et al. 2010 [synonym]
Subfm. †Praesiricinae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Hoplitolyda Gao et al. 2013
+
Hoplitolyda duolunica Gao et al. 2013
G. †Praesirex Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Praesirex hirtus Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Turgidontes Rasnitsyn 1990
+
Turgidontes magnus Rasnitsyn 1990
Invalid names: Praesiricidae Rasnitsyn 1968 [synonym]
Fm. †Mirolydidae Wang et al. 2017
+
G. †Mirolyda Wang et al. 2017
+
Mirolyda hirta Wang et al. 2017
Fm. Pamphiliidae Cameron 1890
+
Subfm. Cephalciinae Benson 1945
+
G. Acantholyda Costa 1894
+
Subg. Acantholyda (Acantholyda) Costa 1894
+
Invalid names: Acantholyda grangeoni Riou 1999 [synonym]
Acantholyda ribesalbesensis Peñalver and Arillo 2002
G. Cephalcia Jurine 1801
Invalid names: Cephalciini Benson 1945 [invalid subgroup]
G. Cephaleia Jurine 1801
Subfm. Juralydinae Rasnitsyn 1977
+
G. †Atocus Scudder 1892
+
Atocus cockerelli Rohwer 1908
Atocus defessus Scudder 1892
G. †Dolicholyda Zhuang et al. 2022
+
Dolicholyda angusta Zhuang et al. 2022
Dolicholyda confluens Zhuang et al. 2022
Dolicholyda obtusata Zhuang et al. 2022
G. †Juralyda Rasnitsyn 1977
+
Juralyda udensis Rasnitsyn 1977
G. †Scabolyda Wang et al. 2014
+
Scabolyda incompleta Wang et al. 2014
Scabolyda latusa Zhuang et al. 2022
Scabolyda orientalis Wang et al. 2014
Scabolyda tenuis Zhuang et al. 2022
G. †Tapholyda Rasnitsyn 1983
+
Tapholyda caplani Cockerell 1933
Subfm. Pamphiliinae Cameron 1890
+
G. Neurotoma Konow 1897 [Leaf-rolling sawfly]
G. Pamphilius Latreille 1802
Invalid names: Neurotomini Benson 1945 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Ulteramus Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2015
+
Ulteramus republicensis Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2015
Invalid names: Lydites Newman 1834 [replaced]
G. †Prolyda Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Prolyda depressa Rasnitsyn 1969
Prolyda dimidia Wang et al. 2016
Prolyda elegantula Wang et al. 2016
Prolyda karatavica Rasnitsyn 1968
Prolyda xyelocera Rasnitsyn 1968
Fm. †Xyelydidae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Brevilyda Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
+
Brevilyda provecta Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
G. †Chifengilyda Zheng and Chen 2018
+
Chifengilyda robusta Zheng and Chen 2018
G. †Ferganolyda Rasnitsyn 1983
+
Ferganolyda charybdis Rasnitsyn et al. 2006
Ferganolyda chungkuei Rasnitsyn et al. 2006
Ferganolyda cubitalis Rasnitsyn 1983
Ferganolyda eucalla Wang et al. 2015
Ferganolyda insolita Wang et al. 2015
Ferganolyda radialis Rasnitsyn 1983
Ferganolyda scylla Rasnitsyn et al. 2006
Ferganolyda sogdiana Rasnitsyn 1983
G. †Fissilyda Wang et al. 2015
+
Fissilyda alba Wang et al. 2015
Fissilyda compta Wang et al. 2015
Fissilyda parilis Wang et al. 2015
G. †Medilyda Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
+
Medilyda distorta Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
Medilyda procera Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
G. †Mesolyda Rasnitsyn 1963
+
Mesolyda jurassica Rasnitsyn 1963
Mesolyda sibirica Rasnitsyn 1983
Invalid names: Alloxyelula Ren 1995 [synonym]
G. †Novalyda Gao et al. 2013
+
Novalyda cretacica Gao et al. 2013
Novalyda decora Wang et al. 2015
G. †Rectilyda Wang et al. 2014
+
Rectilyda sticta Wang et al. 2014
G. †Sagulyda Rasnitsyn 1983
+
Sagulyda arcuata Rasnitsyn 1983
Sagulyda ferganica Rasnitsyn 1983
Sagulyda magna Rasnitsyn 1983
G. †Sinoprolyda Hong 1987
+
G. †Sogutia Rasnitsyn 1977
+
Sogutia liassica Rasnitsyn 1977
G. †Strenolyda Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
+
Strenolyda marginalis Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
Strenolyda retrorsa Wang and Rasnitsyn 2016
G. †Strophandria Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Strophandria grossa Rasnitsyn 1968
Strophandria moderata Rasnitsyn 1983
G. †Xyelyda Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Xyelyda excellens Rasnitsyn 1968
Invalid names: Megalodontoidea Konow 1897 [synonym]
Superfm. Tenthredinoidea Latreille 1802 [wood wasp]
+
Fm. Argidae Konow 1890 [argid sawfly]
+
Subfm. Arginae Konow 1890
+
G. Arge Schrank 1802
+
Invalid names: Hylotoma Latreille 1802 [synonym]
G. †Mioarge Nel 2004
+
Mioarge azari Nel 2004
Subfm. Sterictiphorinae Rohwer 1911
+
G. Didymia Lepeletier and Serville 1828
+
Didymia davisi Smith 1992
Didymia dominicana Smith 1992
Didymia ebena Smith 1992
Didymia poinari Smith 1992
Didymia protera Smith 1992
G. Sterictiphora Billberg 1820
+
Sterictiphora konowi Rohwer 1908
Invalid names: Schizocerus Berthold 1827 [synonym]
G. †Atefia Krogmann et al. 2013
+
Atefia rasnitsyni Krogmann et al. 2013
Fm. Athaliidae Rohwer 1911
+
G. Athalia Leach 1817
+
Athalia vetuecclesiae Wappler et al. 2005
Athalia wheeleri Cockerell 1906
Fm. Blasticotomidae Thomson 1871
+
G. Blasticotoma Klug 1834
G. †Paremphytus Brues 1908
+
Paremphytus ostentus Brues 1908
G. Runaria Malaise 1931
G. †Zippelia Rasnitsyn and Müller 2023
+
Zippelia engeli Rasnitsyn and Müller 2023
Invalid names: Xyelotomidae Rasnitsyn 1968 [synonym]
Fm. Cimbicidae Kirby 1837 [cimbicid sawfly]
+
Subfm. Abiinae Thomson 1871
+
G. Abia Leach 1817
+
Abia lonicerae Linnaeus 1758
Abia maculosa Zhang 1989
Abia paurocephala Zhang 1989
Abia shandongensis Hong and Wang 1985
Abia shanwangensis Hong 1984
Invalid names: Procimbex Hong 1984 [synonym], Zaraea Leach 1817 [synonym]
G. †Trichiosomites Brues 1908
+
Subfm. †Cenocimbicinae Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
+
G. †Allenbycimbex Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
+
Allenbycimbex morrisae Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
G. †Cenocimbex Nel 2004
+
G. †Leptostigma Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
+
Leptostigma alaemacula Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma brevilatum Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma fasciatum Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma longiclava Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma longipallidum Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma longitenebricum Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Leptostigma proxivena Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
Subfm. Cimbicinae Kirby 1837
+
G. Cimbex Olivier 1790
+
Cimbex chromoptera Zhang 1989
Cimbex miocenica Riou 1992
Cimbex turoliana Riou 1992
Invalid names: Clavellaria Olivier 1789 [replaced], Clavellarius Olivier 1789 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Floricimbex Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2023
+
Floricimbex vetusculus Cockerell 1922
G. †Phenacoperga Cockerell 1908
+
Phenacoperga coloradensis Cockerell 1907
G. Pseudoclavellaria Schultz 1906
+
Pseudoclavellaria molpa Zhang et al. 1994
G. †Sinocimbex Zhang et al. 1994
+
Sinocimbex pellucidus Zhang et al. 1994
Sinocimbex silaceus Zhang et al. 1994
Subfm. Corynidinae Benson 1938
+
G. Corynis Thunberg 1789
+
Invalid names: Amasis Leach 1817 [objective synonym]
Subfm. Pachylostictinae Benson 1938
+
G. †Eopachylosticta Malaise 1945
+
Eopachylosticta byrami Cockerell 1925
Fm. Diprionidae Rohwer 1910 [conifer sawfly]
+
Subfm. Diprioninae Rohwer 1910
+
G. Diprion Schrank 1802
+
Invalid names: Lophyrus Latreille 1802 [synonym], Pteronus Jurine 1801 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Eodiprion Schedl 2007
+
Eodiprion groehni Schedl 2007
Subfm. Monocteninae MacGillivray 1906
+
G. †Oligomonoctenus Nel et al. 2023
+
Oligomonoctenus neytiriae Nel et al. 2023
G. †Paleomonoctenus Nel 2004
+
Fm. †Electrotomidae Rasnitsyn 1977
+
G. †Electrotoma Rasnitsyn 1977
+
Electrotoma kopylovi Rasnitsyn and Manukyan 2023
Electrotoma succini Rasnitsyn 1977
G. †Manevalia Piton 1940
+
Fm. Pergidae Ashmead 1898
+
Subfm. Perginae Ashmead 1898
+
G. Perga Leach 1817
Subfm. Perreyiinae Cameron 1883
+
Invalid names: Euryinae Konow 1898 [synonym]
Invalid names: Syzygoniinae Cameron 1883 [empty]
G. †Pseudocimbex Rohwer 1908
+
Pseudocimbex clavatus Rohwer 1908
Fm. Tenthredinidae Latreille 1802
+
Subfm. Allantinae Newman 1834
+
Tr. Allantini Newman 1834
+
G. Emphytus Klug 1815
Tr. Empriini Rohwer 1911
+
G. Empria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau and Audinet-Serville 1828
+
Invalid names: Leucempria Enslin 1913 [synonym]
G. Eriocampa Hartig 1837
+
Eriocampa bruesi Rohwer 1908
Eriocampa celata Cockerell 1915
Eriocampa disjecta Cockerell 1922
Eriocampa pristina Cockerell 1910
Eriocampa scudderi Brues 1908
Eriocampa synthetica Cockerell 1911
G. †Hylotomites Meunier 1914
+
Hylotomites robusta Meunier 1914
+
Invalid names: Eriocampa oligocenica Theobald 1937 [synonym]
G. †Palaeathalia Zhang 1985
+
G. †Palaeotaxonus Brues 1908
+
Palaeotaxonus typicus Brues 1908
Palaeotaxonus vetus Cockerell 1917
G. Pseudosiobla Ashmead 1898
+
Pseudosiobla megoura Cockerell 1907
Pseudosiobla misera Brues 1908
G. Taxonus Hartig 1837
+
Taxonus nortoni Scudder 1890
Taxonus vetustus Heer 1849
Subfm. Blennocampinae Konow 1890
+
Tr. Tomostethini Benson 1938
+
G. Eutomostethus Enslin 1914
G. †Emprionopsis Zhang et al. 1994
+
Emprionopsis doliabdominalis Zhang et al. 1994
Subfm. Heterarthrinae Benson 1952
+
G. Caliroa Costa 1859
+
Caliroa micrarche Cockerell 1916
Caliroa mima Cockerell 1917
Caliroa revelata Cockerell 1909
Invalid names: Eriocampoides Konow 1890 [synonym]
G. Fenusa Leach 1817
+
Fenusa parva Brues 1906
Fenusa primula Rohwer 1908
Invalid names: Lithoryssus Brues 1906 [synonym]
G. †Leptocampus Zhang et al. 1994
+
Leptocampus amoenus Zhang et al. 1994
Subfm. Nematinae
+
G. Cladius Illiger 1807
+
Cladius petrinus Cockerell 1915
Tr. Dineurini Ashmead 1898
+
G. Dineura Dahlbom 1835
G. Hemichroa Stephens 1835
G. †Driocampus Zhang and Zhang 1990
+
Driocampus shanwanganus Zhang and Zhang 1990
G. †Eohemichroa Zhelochovtzev and Rasnitsyn 1972
+
Eohemichroa eophila Cockerell 1906
G. †Florissantinus Zhelochovtzev and Rasnitsyn 1972
+
Florissantinus angulatus Zhelochovtzev and Rasnitsyn 1972
G. Hoplocampa Hartig 1837
+
Hoplocampa enslini Statz 1936
Hoplocampa ilicis Cockerell 1927
G. Mesoneura Hartig 1837
+
Mesoneura vexabilis Brues 1908
Invalid names: Lisconeura Rohwer 1908 [synonym]
G. Nematus Panzer 1801
G. †Paleonematus Nel 2022
+
Invalid names: Hoplocampini Konow 1890 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Phthonocampus Zhang et al. 1994
+
Phthonocampus eos Zhang et al. 1994
G. Rhogogaster Konow 1884
Subfm. Selandriinae Thomson 1871
+
Tr. Dolerini Thomson 1871
+
G. Dolerus Panzer 1801
Tr. Selandriini Thomson 1871
+
G. Selandria Leach 1817
Subfm. Tenthredininae Latreille 1802
+
G. Macrophya Dahlbom 1835
+
Macrophya adventitia Lewis 1969
Macrophya pervetusta Brues 1908
G. †Nortonella Rohwer 1908
+
Nortonella typica Rohwer 1908
Tr. Perineurini Rohwer 1911
+
G. †Luberotenthredo Nel et al. 2024
G. †Sambia Vilhelmsen and Engel 2012
+
Sambia succinica Vilhelmsen and Engel 2012
G. †Taeniurites Cockerell 1917
+
Taeniurites fortis Cockerell 1917
G. Tenthredo Linnaeus 1758
+
Subg. Tenthredo (Tenthredella) Rohwer 1910
Tenthredo avia Brues 1908
Tenthredo infossa Brues 1908
Tenthredo meunieri Taeger et al. 2009
+
Invalid names: Tenthredo fasciata Meunier 1922 [replaced], Tenthredo gracilis Statz 1936 [replaced]
Tenthredo miocenica Zhang and Zhang 1990
Tenthredo petrae Zhang and Zhang 1990
Tenthredo primordialis Piton 1940
Tenthredo rhysia Zhang 1989
Tenthredo saxorum Rohwer 1908
Tenthredo submersa Cockerell 1907
Invalid names: Tenthredo gervaisi Heer 1861 [nomen nudum]
G. †Tenthredoides Zhang 1989
+
G. Tenthredopsis Costa 1859
+
Invalid names: Thomsonia Konow 1884 [synonym]
Invalid names: Tenthredinini Latreille 1802 [empty]
Invalid names: Nematus ellipticus Fritsch 1901 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Pteronus prodigus Brues 1908 [nomen dubium]
Unr. Terebrantes Latreille 1802
+
Unr. Ventropedonculati Latreille 1802
+
Fm. Ichneumonides Latreille 1802 [ichneumon wasp]
+
Invalid names: Ichneumonides Latreille 1802 [empty], Sphegii Latreille 1802 [empty]
Invalid names: Cleptiosa Latreille 1802 [empty], Evaniales Latreille 1802 [empty]
Unr. Ventrosessiles Latreille 1802
+
Invalid names: Tenthredines Latreille 1802 [empty], Urocerata Latreille 1802 [empty]
Unr. Unicalcarida Schulmeister et al. 2002
+
Subor. Apocrita Gerstaecker 1867 [wasp]
+
Unr. Aculeata Latreille 1802
+
Superfm. Apoidea Latreille 1802 [apoid wasp]
+
Fm. †Allommationidae Rosa and Melo 2021
Fm. Ampulicidae Shuckard 1840 [cockroach wasp]
Fm. †Angarosphecidae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Invalid names: Baissodinae Rasnitsyn 1975 [synonym]
Unr. Anthophila Latreille 1804 [bee]
Fm. Astatidae Lepeletier 1845
Fm. †Burmasphecidae Rosa and Melo 2023
Fm. †Cirrosphecidae Antropov 2000
Fm. Crabronidae Latreille 1802
Fm. Dasypodaidae Sagemehl 1882
Fm. Heterogynaidae Nagy 1969
Fm. Pemphredonidae Dahlbom 1835 [aphid wasp]
Fm. Philanthidae Latreille 1802
Fm. Psenidae Costa 1858
Fm. Sphecidae Latreille 1802 [digger wasp]
Fm. †Spheciellidae Rosa and Melo 2021
G. †Trigampulex Antropov 2000
Invalid names: Ammoplanidae Evans 1959 [empty], Bembicidae Latreille 1802 [empty], Sphecoidea Latreille 1802 [synonym]
Superfm. †Bethylonymoidea Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Fm. †Bethylonymidae Rasnitsyn 1975
Fm. †Trifionychidae Lepeco and Melo 2022
Superfm. Chrysidoidea Latreille 1802
+
Fm. Bethylidae Forster 1856 [flat wasp]
+
Invalid names: Fushunochrysidae Hong 2002 [synonym]
Fm. Chrysididae Latreille 1802 [cuckoo wasp]
Fm. †Chrysobythidae Melo and Lucena 2019
Fm. Dryinidae Haliday 1833
Fm. Embolemidae Forster 1856
Fm. †Plumalexiidae Brothers 2011
Fm. †Radiophronidae Ortega-Blanco et al. 2010
Fm. Sclerogibbidae Ashmead 1902 [sclerogibbid wasp]
Fm. Scolebythidae Evans 1963
Invalid names: Bethyloidea [synonym], Plumariidae [empty]
G. †Cretopone Dlussky 1975
+
Cretopone magna Dlussky 1975
G. †Dolichomyrma Dlussky 1975
+
Dolichomyrma latipes Dlussky 1975
Dolichomyrma longiceps Dlussky 1975
Superfm. Formicoidea Latreille 1802
+
G. †Camelomecia Barden and Grimaldi 2016
G. †Camelosphecia Boudinot et al. 2020
Fm. Formicidae Latreille 1802 [ant]
Fm. †Holopsenellidae Engel et al. 2016
+
G. †Holopsenella Engel et al. 2016
G. †Khetania Dlussky 1999
+
Khetania mandibulata Dlussky 1999
Fm. †Melittosphecidae Poinar and Danforth 2006
+
G. †Melittosphex Poinar and Danforth 2006
G. †Mesosirex Hong 1984
+
Mesosirex volantis Hong 1984
G. †Petropone Dlussky 1975
+
Petropone petiolata Dlussky 1975
Superfm. Pompiloidea Latreille 1804
+
Fm. †Burmusculidae Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2018
Fm. Mutillidae Latreille 1802 [velvet ant]
+
Invalid names: Cretavidae Sharov 1957 [synonym]
Fm. Myrmosidae Fox 1894
Fm. Pompilidae Latreille 1804 [spider wasp]
+
Invalid names: Psammocharidae [synonym]
Fm. Sapygidae Latreille 1810
Superfm. Scolioidea Latreille 1802
+
G. †Oryctopterus Rasnitsyn 1975
Fm. Scoliidae Latreille 1802
Invalid names: Bradynobaenidae Saussure 1892 [empty]
Fm. †Stigmaphronidae Kozlov 1975
+
G. †Allocotidus Muesebeck 1963
G. †Aphrostigmon Rasnitsyn 1991
G. †Burmaphron Engel and Grimaldi 2009
G. †Elasmomorpha Kozlov 1975
G. †Elasmophron Engel and Grimaldi 2009
G. †Hippocoon Kozlov 1975
G. †Libanophron Engel and Grimaldi 2009
G. †Stigmaphron Kozlov 1975
G. †Tagsmiphron Engel and Grimaldi 2009
Superfm. Thynnoidea Shuckard 1841
+
Fm. Thynnidae Shuckard 1841
Superfm. Tiphioidea Leach 1815
+
Fm. Sierolomorphidae Krombein 1951 [sierolomorphid wasp]
Superfm. Vespoidea Latreille 1802
+
Fm. †Falsiformicidae Rasnitsyn 1975
Fm. Tiphiidae Leach 1815
Fm. Vespidae Latreille 1802
Invalid names: Bocchus cenomanianus Olmi et al. 2010 [nomen dubium], Bombus pusillus Menge 1856 [nomen dubium]
G. †Apocritites Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998
+
Apocritites distinctus Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998
Fm. †Armaniidae Dlussky 1983
+
G. †Archaeopone Dlussky 1975
+
Archaeopone kzylzharica Dlussky 1975
Archaeopone taylori Dlussky 1983
G. †Armania Dlussky 1983
+
Armania capitata Dlussky 1999
Armania curiosa Dlussky 1983
Armania pristina Dlussky 1999
Armania robusta Dlussky 1983
Invalid names: Armaniella Dlussky 1983 [synonym]
G. †Orapia Dlussky et al. 2004
+
Orapia minor Dlussky et al. 2004
Orapia rayneri Dlussky et al. 2004
G. †Poneropterus Dlussky 1983
+
Poneropterus sphecoides Dlussky 1983
G. †Pseudarmania Dlussky 1983
+
Pseudarmania aberrans Dlussky 1983
Pseudarmania rasnitsyni Dlussky 1983
Infraor. Brachycleistogastromorpha Kovalev 1994
+
Superfm. †Brachycleistogastroidea Kovalev 1994
+
Fm. †Brachycleistogastridae Kovalev 1994
Invalid names: Cleistogastroidea Rasnitsyn 1975 [empty]
Superfm. Ceraphronoidea Haliday 1833
+
Fm. Ceraphronidae Haliday 1833
+
G. Aphanogmus Thomson 1858
G. Ceraphron Jurine 1807
Invalid names: Ceraphronini Haliday 1833 [empty]
Fm. Megaspilidae Ashmead 1893
+
G. Dendrocerus Ratzeburg 1852
+
Invalid names: Lygocerus forster 1856 [synonym]
G. Lagynodes Forster 1841
Subfm. Lagynodinae Masner and Dessart 1967
Subfm. Megaspilinae Ashmead 1893
Invalid names: Calliceratidae [synonym]
Superfm. Evanioidea Latreille 1802
+
Fm. †Andreneliidae Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
+
G. †Andrenelia Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
Fm. †Anomopterellidae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
G. †Anomopterella Rasnitsyn 1975
G. †Choristopterella Li et al. 2013
G. †Synaphopterella Li et al. 2013
Fm. †Baissidae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
G. †Baissa Rasnitsyn 1975
G. †Electrobaissa Engel 2013
G. †Heterobaissa Li et al. 2018
G. †Humiryssus Lin 1980
+
Invalid names: Aulacopsis Hong and Wang 1990 [synonym], Aulocopsis Hong and Wang 1990 [synonym]
G. †Manlaya Rasnitsyn 1980
G. †Mesepipolaea Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2004
G. †Tillywhimia Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998
Invalid names: Manlayidae Rasnitsyn 1986 [synonym]
Fm. Evaniidae Latreille 1802 [ensign wasp]
+
G. †Botsvania Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2007
G. Brachygaster Leach 1815
G. †Burmaevania Shih et al. 2019
G. †Cretevania Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Invalid names: Dabburatypus Kaddumi 2005 [synonym], Eovernevania Deans 2004 [synonym], Procretevania Zhang and Zhang 2000 [synonym]
G. †Curtevania Li et al. 2018
G. †Eoevania Nel et al. 2002
G. Evania Fabricius 1775
G. Evaniella Bradley 1905
G. †Grimaldivania Basibuyuk et al. 2000
G. Hyptia Illiger 1807
G. †Iberoevania Peñalver et al. 2010
G. †Lebanevania Basibuyuk and Rasnitsyn 2002
G. †Mesevania Basibuyuk and Rasnitsyn 2000
G. †Newjersevania Basibuyuk et al. 2000
G. Parevania Kieffer 1907
G. †Praevania Rasnitsyn 1991
G. †Protoparevania Deans 2004
G. Semaeomyia Bradley 1908
G. †Sinuevania Li et al. 2018
G. †Sorellevania Engel 2006
Invalid names: Cretevaniidae Rasnitsyn 1975 [synonym]
Unr. Neoevanioides Engel 2006
+
Unr. Aulaciformes Grimaldi and Engel 2005
Invalid names: Evaniiformes Grimaldi and Engel 2005 [empty]
Fm. †Othniodellithidae Engel and Huang 2016
+
G. †Keratodellitha Jouault et al. 2021
G. †Othniodellitha Engel and Huang 2016
G. †Xenodellitha Engel 2017
Fm. †Praeaulacidae Rasnitsyn 1972
+
G. †Albiogonalys Nel et al. 2003
Subfm. †Cretocleistogastrinae Rasnitsyn 1990
Subfm. †Nevaniinae Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2007
Subfm. †Praeaulacinae Rasnitsyn 1972
Fm. †Vectevaniidae Li et al. 2018
+
G. †Vectevania Cockerell 1922
Invalid names: Asiapterites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Euryopterites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Oblongigastrula Hong 2002 [nomen nudum]
Superfm. Ichneumonoidea Latreille 1802
+
Fm. Braconidae Nees ab Esenbeck 1811
+
Subfm. Agathidinae Haliday 1833
G. Aivalykus Nixon 1938
G. Alysia Latreille 1804
Subfm. Alysiinae Leach 1815
Subfm. Aphidiinae Haliday 1833
Subfm. Apozyginae Mason 1978
G. Austrohelcon Turner 1918
Subfm. Betylobraconinae Tobias 1979
Subfm. Brachistinae Förster 1862
+
Invalid names: Triaspidinae Viereck 1918 [synonym]
Subfm. Braconinae Nees ab Esenbeck 1811
Subfm. Cardiochilinae Ashmead 1900
Subfm. Charmontinae van Achterberg 1979
Subfm. Cheloninae Nees 1816
G. Coeloreuteus Roman 1910
G. †Digastrotheca Brues 1933
Subfm. †Diospilitinae Tobias 1987
Subfm. Doryctinae Förster 1862
G. †Electrohelcon Brues 1933
G. †Eobracon Cockerell 1921
G. †Eobraconus Rasnitsyn 1985
+
Invalid names: Eobracon Rasnitsyn 1983 [replaced]
Subfm. Euphorinae Förster 1862
Subfm. Exothecinae Förster 1862
Subfm. Helconinae Förster 1862
Subfm. Homolobinae van Achterberg 1979
G. Hormiopterus Giraud 1869
Subfm. Ichneutinae Förster 1862
G. Iphiaulax Förster 1862
Subfm. Masoninae van Achterberg 1995
Subfm. †Megalyrhyssalinae Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
Subfm. Microgastrinae Förster 1862
Subfm. Microtypinae Szepligeti 1908
Subfm. Miracinae
Subfm. Opiinae Blanchard 1845
G. Opius Wesmael 1835
Subfm. Orgilinae Ashmead 1900
G. Phanomeris Förster 1862
Subfm. †Protobraconinae van Achterberg and Chen 2020
Subfm. †Protorhyssalinae Basibuyuk et al. 1999
G. †Pyramidibracon van Achterberg and Chen 2020
G. Rhaconotus Ruthe 1854
Subfm. Rhyssalinae Förster 1862
Subfm. Rogadinae Förster 1862
G. Semirhytus Szepligeti 1902
Subfm. Sigalphinae Haliday 1833
G. Sigalphus Latreille 1802
G. †Sinobracon Hong 1974
G. Snellenius Westwood 1882
G. †Stephanorhyssalus Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
G. †Vertibracon van Achterberg and Chen 2023
G. Xenarcha Förster 1862
Invalid names: Eoichneumonidae Jell and Duncan 1986 [synonym], Fushunobracon Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Microgasterinae Förster 1862 [empty], Seneciobraconinae Engel and Huang 2018 [empty], Xuaulacites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum]
Fm. Ichneumonidae Latreille 1802 [ichneumon wasp]
+
G. Absyrtus Holmgren 1858
G. Acoenitus Latreille 1809
G. †Carinibus Spasojevic et al. 2018
G. †Eopimpla Cockerell 1921
G. †Epicharopimpla Zhang et al. 1994
Subfm. Hybrizoninae Blanchard 1845
+
Invalid names: Ghilarovitinae Kasparyan 1988 [synonym], Paxylommatinae Förster 1862 [synonym]
G. †Ichneumonites Heer 1867
Subfm. †Labenopimplinae Kopylov 2010
G. Lapton Nees 1815
G. †Lithapechtis Cockerell 1921
Subfm. Lycorininae Cushman and Rohwer 1920
G. †Megatryphon Cockerell 1924
G. †Mesopimpla Cockerell 1919
G. †Mesornatus Spasojevic et al. 2018
G. †Miolyta Zhang 1989
Subfm. †Novichneumoninae Li et al. 2016
Unr. Ophioniformes Gauld 1985
Subfm. Orthopelmatinae Schmiedeknecht 1910
Subfm. †Palaeoichneumoninae Kopylov 2009
G. †Paratilgidopsis Martins-Neto 1998
Subfm. †Pherhombinae Kasparyan 1988
Subfm. Phygadeuontinae Förster 1869
+
Invalid names: Hemigastrini Ashmead 1900 [synonym]
Unr. Pimpliformes Wahl 1990
G. †Polychorella Zhang 1985
G. †Promyrmicium Baroni Urbani 1971
+
Invalid names: Myrmicium Heer 1870 [replaced]
Subfm. Stilbopinae Townes and Townes 1949
Subfm. †Tanychorinae Rasnitsyn 1980
G. †Taubatehymen Martins-Neto 1998
G. †Tilgidopsis Cockerell 1921
Subfm. †Townesitinae Kasparyan 1994
G. †Trymectus Spasojevic et al. 2018
G. †Tryphopimpla Kopylov 2010
Invalid names: Eucerotinae Seyrig 1934 [empty], Ichneumonidae gabbroensis Handlirsch 1907 [nomen dubium], Liaoichneumon Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Oxytorinae Thomson 1883 [empty], Polysphincta atavina Cockerell 1921 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Ichneumonomimidae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
G. †Ichneumonomima Rasnitsyn 1975
G. †Ovigaster Zhang 1997
Fm. †Praeichneumonidae Rasnitsyn 1983
+
G. †Praeichneumon Rasnitsyn 1983
G. †Rasnitsynia Pagliano and Scaramozzino 1990
+
Invalid names: Oligoneuroides Zhang 1985 [replaced]
Fm. †Khutelchalcididae Rasnitsyn et al. 2004
+
G. †Khutelchalcis Rasnitsyn et al. 2004
+
Khutelchalcis gobiensis Rasnitsyn et al. 2004
Fm. †Kuafuidae Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2010
+
G. †Arthrogaster Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Arthrogaster seticornis Rasnitsyn 1975
G. †Kuafua Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2010
+
Kuafua polyneura Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2010
G. †Leptogastrella Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Leptogastrella leptogastra Rasnitsyn 1975
Fm. †Limnetidae Hong 1983
+
G. †Limnetus Hong 1983
+
G. †Longhuaia Hong 1984
+
Longhuaia rara Hong 1984
Superfm. Megalyroidea Schletterer 1889
+
G. †Cretodinapsis Rasnitsyn 1977
+
Cretodinapsis caucasica Rasnitsyn 1977
Fm. Megalyridae Schletterer 1890
+
Subfm. †Cleistogastrinae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Invalid names: Sinoryssinae Hong 1983 [synonym]
G. †Megallica Perrichot 2009
Tr. Megalyrini Schletterer 1889
Tr. †Megazarini Perrichot 2009
Invalid names: Cretodinapsini Rasnitsyn 1977 [invalid subgroup], Dinapsini Waterston 1922 [invalid subgroup]
Superfm. †Panguoidea Li et al. 2019
+
Fm. †Panguidae Li et al. 2019
+
G. †Pangu Li et al. 2019
G. †Prosphex Grimaldi and Engel 2019
+
Superfm. Cynipoidea Latreille 1802
+
Fm. †Archaeocynipidae Rasnitsyn and Kovalev 1988
Fm. Cynipidae Latreille 1802
Fm. Figitidae Forster 1869
Fm. †Gerocynipidae Liu and Engel 2007
Fm. Ibaliidae Forster 1869
Fm. Liopteridae Ashmead 1895
Fm. †Protimaspidae Liu and Engel 2007
Fm. †Stolamissidae Liu and Engel 2007
Invalid names: Archaeocynipoidea Rasnitsyn and Kovalev 1988 [synonym], Diplolepididae Latreille 1802 [empty]
G. †Koonwarrus Rasnitsyn and Öhm-Kühnle 2019
+
Koonwarrus katya Rasnitsyn and Öhm-Kühnle 2019
Unr. Microprocta Rasnitsyn and Öhm-Kühnle 2020
+
Unr. Bipetiolarida Engel 2005
Superfm. Chalcidoidea Leach 1815 [chalcid wasp]
Fm. †Chalscelionidae Rasnitsyn and Öhm-Kühnle 2020
Superfm. Diaprioidea Haliday 1833
Fm. †Jurapriidae Rasnitsyn 1983
Superfm. Platygastroidea Haliday 1833
Fm. †Trupochalcididae Kozlov 1975
+
Invalid names: Cretacoformicidae Rasnitsyn and Öhm-Kühnle 2019 [synonym]
G. †Parviformosus Barling et al. 2013
+
Parviformosus wohlrabeae Barling et al. 2013
Superfm. Proctotrupoidea Latreille 1802
+
G. †Amitchellia Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski 1998
Fm. Heloridae Forster 1856
Fm. †Mesoserphidae Kozlov 1970
G. †Paraulacus Ping 1928
Fm. Pelecinidae Haliday 1840
+
Invalid names: Pelecinopteridae Brues 1933 [synonym]
Fm. †Peleserphidae Zhang et al. 2017
Fm. Peradeniidae Naumann and Masner 1985
Fm. Proctotrupidae Latreille 1802
+
Invalid names: Serphidae Kieffer 1909 [synonym]
Fm. Roproniidae Viereck 1916
Invalid names: Austroniidae Kozlov 1975 [empty], Fushunoxyela Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Hemerocynipites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Monomachidae Ashmead 1902 [empty], Sinocynipites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum]
Invalid names: Cynipomorpha Kovalev 1994 [synonym]
Superfm. Stephanoidea Leach 1815
+
Fm. †Aptenoperissidae Rasnitsyn and Poinar 2016
+
G. †Aptenoperissus Rasnitsyn and Poinar 2016
Fm. †Ephialtitidae Handlirsch 1906
+
Subfm. †Ephialtitinae Handlirsch 1906
G. †Kotaphialtites Rasnitsyn 2008
Subfm. †Symphytopterinae Rasnitsyn 1980
Invalid names: Karataidae Rasnitsyn 1977 [synonym]
Fm. †Myanmarinidae Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2017
+
G. †Myanmarina Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2017
Fm. †Ohlhoffiidae Jouault et al. 2020
+
G. †Cretephialtites Rasnitsyn and Ansorge 2000
G. †Myanmephialtites Jouault et al. 2020
G. †Ohlhoffia Jouault et al. 2020
Fm. Stephanidae Leach 1815 [crown wasp]
+
G. †Aphanostephanus Ge and Tan 2023
Subfm. †Lagenostephaninae Ge and Tan 2023
G. †Phoriostephanus Engel and Huang 2016
Subfm. Schlettereriinae Orfila 1949
Subfm. Stephaninae Leach 1815
+
Invalid names: Electrostephaninae Engel 2005 [synonym]
G. Stephanus Panzer 1805
G. †Tichostephanus Engel 2019
Invalid names: Eostephanitidae Hong 2002 [invalid subgroup], Ephialtitoidea Handlirsch 1906 [synonym]
Superfm. Trigonalyoidea Cresson 1887
+
Fm. †Maimetshidae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Subfm. †Maimetshinae Rasnitsyn 1975
+
Invalid names: Cretogonalinae Rasnitsyn 1977 [synonym]
Subfm. †Zorophratrinae Engel 2016
Fm. Trigonalidae Cresson 1887
+
G. †Darbigonalus Rasnitsyn 1986
G. †Eotrigonalis Poinar 2005
G. Trigonalys Westwood 1835
Invalid names: Apiaria lapidea Germar 1842 [nomen dubium], Asiacynipites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Dendrocerus dubitatus Brues 1937 [nomen dubium], Eucynipites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Evaniomorpha Rasnitsyn 1988 [invalid subgroup], Stephanomorpha Leach 1815 [invalid subgroup]
Superfm. Cephoidea Newman 1834 [stem sawfly]
+
Fm. Cephidae Newman 1834 [stem sawfly]
+
Subfm. Cephinae Newman 1834
+
G. Cephus Latreille 1802
G. †Electrocephus Konow 1897
G. Janus Stephens 1835
G. †Mesocephus Rasnitsyn 1968
Subfm. †Cuspilonginae Kopylov and Rasnitsyn 2016
+
G. †Cuspilongus Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2015
Fm. †Sepulcidae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Subfm. †Ghilarellinae Rasnitsyn 1988
+
G. †Ghilarella Rasnitsyn 1988
G. †Meiaghilarella Rasnitsyn and Martínez-Delclòs 2000
Subfm. †Parapamphiliinae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Micramphilius Rasnitsyn 1993
G. †Pamparaphilius Rasnitsyn 1993
G. †Parabakharius Rasnitsyn 1993
G. †Parapamphilius Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Shurabisca Rasnitsyn 1968
Subfm. †Sepulcinae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Sepulca Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Sepulenia Rasnitsyn 1968
Subfm. †Trematothoracinae Rasnitsyn 1988
+
G. †Prosyntexis Sharkey 1990
G. †Thoracotrema Rasnitsyn 1988
G. †Trematothorax Rasnitsyn 1988
+
Invalid names: Trematothoracoides Zhang et al. 2001 [synonym]
Subfm. †Xyelulinae Rasnitsyn 1993
+
G. †Neoxyelula Rasnitsyn 1993
G. †Onokhoius Rasnitsyn 1990
G. †Xyelula Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Cratoenigma Krogmann and Nel 2012
+
Cratoenigma articulata Krogmann and Nel 2012
Superfm. Orussoidea Newman 1834 [wood wasp]
+
Fm. †Burmorussidae Zhang et al. 2020
+
G. †Burmorussus Zhang et al. 2020
+
Burmorussus mirabilis Zhang et al. 2020
G. †Cretorussus Jouault et al. 2021
+
Cretorussus vilhelmseni Jouault et al. 2021
Fm. Orussidae Newman 1834 [parasitic wood wasp]
+
G. †Baltorussus Schedl 2011
+
Baltorussus velteni Schedl 2011
Subfm. †Mesorussinae Rasnitsyn 1977
+
G. †Mesorussus Rasnitsyn 1977
G. †Minyorussus Basibuyuk et al. 2000
+
Minyorussus luzzii Basibuyuk et al. 2000
Subfm. Ophrynopinae Benson 1935
+
G. Ophrynopus Konow 1897
Fm. †Paroryssidae Martynov 1925
+
G. †Microryssus Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Microryssus antennatus Rasnitsyn 1968
Microryssus brachyurus Rasnitsyn 1968
Microryssus crassipes Rasnitsyn 1968
Microryssus minus Rasnitsyn 1968
Microryssus robustus Rasnitsyn 1968
Microryssus subtilis Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Paroryssus Martynov 1925
+
Paroryssus extensus Martynov 1925
G. †Praeoryssus Rasnitsyn 1968
+
Praeoryssus gracilis Rasnitsyn 1968
Praeoryssus venosus Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Renaliculus Lin 1980
+
Invalid names: Karatavitoidea Rasnitsyn 1963 [synonym]
Superfm. Siricoidea Billberg 1820
+
Fm. †Protosiricidae Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2004
+
G. †Protosirex Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Protosirex xyelopterus Rasnitsyn 1969
Fm. †Pseudosiricidae Handlirsch 1906
+
G. †Myrmicium Westwood 1854
+
Myrmicium araripterum Freitas et al. 2020
Myrmicium elongatum Germar 1839
Myrmicium heerii Westwood 1854
Myrmicium nanus Handlirsch 1906
Myrmicium schroeteri Germar 1839
+
Invalid names: Pseudosirex antiquus Germar 1839 [synonym], Pseudosirex compressus Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Pseudosirex darwini Weyenbergh 1873 [synonym], Pseudosirex deichmuelleri Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Pseudosirex elegans Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Pseudosirex gracilis Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Pseudosirex karschi Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Pseudosirex minimus Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Pseudosirex separatus Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Rhipidorhabdus schroeteri Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Sphinx snelleni Weyenbergh 1869 [synonym]
Invalid names: Apiaria Germar 1839 [replaced], Fabellovena Oppenheim 1885 [synonym], Hagenia Weyenbergh 1869 [synonym], Pseudosirex Weyenbergh 1873 [synonym], Rhipidorhabdus Oppenheim 1885 [synonym]
Invalid names: Myrmiciidae Maa 1949 [synonym]
G. †Sinanxyela Hong 1982
+
Sinanxyela dorunensis Hong 1982
Fm. †Sinosiricidae Hong 1975
+
G. †Sinosirex Hong 1975
+
Sinosirex gigantea Hong 1975
Fm. Siricidae Billberg 1820 [horntail]
+
Subfm. †Auliscinae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Aulisca Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Megaulisca Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Megura Rasnitsyn 1968
Subfm. †Cratosiricinae Jouault and Nel 2020
+
G. †Cratosirex Jouault and Nel 2020
G. †Cretosirex Wang et al. 2018
+
Cretosirex xiaoi Wang et al. 2018
G. †Emanrisca Rasnitsyn 1993
+
Emanrisca empusa Rasnitsyn 1993
G. †Eoteredon Archibald et al. 2021
+
Eoteredon lacoi Archibald et al. 2021
Subfm. †Gigasiricinae Rasnitsyn 1968
+
G. †Gigasirex Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Liasirex Rasnitsyn 1968
G. †Pararchexyela Rasnitsyn 1968
Invalid names: Pararchexyelinae Rasnitsyn 1968 [synonym]
Subfm. †Megapteritinae Maa 1949
+
G. †Megapterites Cockerell 1920
G. †Shurabica Rasnitsyn 1968
Subfm. Siricinae Billberg 1820
+
G. †Eourocerus Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2022
G. †Eoxeris Maa 1949
G. †Proximoxeris Nel 1991
+
Invalid names: Proximoxeris Riou 1999 [objective synonym]
G. Sirex Linnaeus 1761
+
Invalid names: Paururus Konow 1896 [objective synonym]
G. †Urocerites Heer 1867
G. Urocerus Geoffroy 1762
+
Invalid names: Eosirex Piton 1940 [synonym]
G. Xeris Costa 1894
G. Xoanon Semenov 1921
G. †Ypresiosirex Archibald and Rasnitsyn 2015
Subfm. Tremecinae Ashmead 1898
+
G. Eriotremex Benson 1943
G. Tremex Jurine 1807
Subor. Vespina Laicharting 1781
+
Invalid names: Euhymenoptera [synonym]
Superfm. Xiphydrioidea Leach 1819
+
Invalid names: Xiphydriidae Leach 1819 [empty]
Invalid names: Orussomorpha Rasnitsyn 1980 [invalid subgroup]
Superfm. Xyeloidea Newman 1834 [sawfly]
+
Fm. †Syspastoxyelidae Engel and Huang 2016
+
G. †Burmoxyela Zheng and Rasnitsyn 2021
+
Burmoxyela lii Zheng and Rasnitsyn 2021
G. †Deltoxyela Wang et al. 2021
+
Deltoxyela engeli Wang et al. 2021
G. †Grandixyela Zheng 2021
+
Grandixyela rasnitsyni Zheng 2021
G. †Pinguixyela Zheng and Rasnitsyn 2021
+
Pinguixyela pinguis Wang et al. 2021
G. †Striaexyela Zheng 2019
+
Striaexyela simpla Wang et al. 2021
G. †Syspastoxyela Engel and Huang 2016
+
Syspastoxyela rhaphidia Engel and Huang 2016
Fm. Xyelidae Newman 1834 [sawfly]
+
Subfm. †Archexyelinae Rasnitsyn 1964
+
G. †Archexyela Riek 1955
+
Archexyela crosbyi Riek 1955
G. †Asioxyela Rasnitsyn 1964
+
Asioxyela grandipennis Rasnitsyn 1964
Asioxyela parvula Rasnitsyn 1964
Asioxyela paurura Rasnitsyn 1969
Asioxyela smilodon Rasnitsyn 1964
G. †Dinoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Dinoxyela armata Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Euryxyela Rasnitsyn 1964
+
Euryxyela euryptera Rasnitsyn 1964
G. †Ferganoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Ferganoxyela destructa Rasnitsyn 1969
Ferganoxyela sogdiana Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Leioxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Leioxyela antiqua Rasnitsyn 1964
Leioxyela grandis Rasnitsyn 1969
Leioxyela lata Rasnitsyn 1964
Leioxyela mitis Rasnitsyn 1969
Leioxyela mollis Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Lithoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Lithoxyela fenestralis Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Madygenius Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Madygenius extraradius Rasnitsyn 1969
Madygenius primitivus Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Moltenia Schlüter 2000
+
Moltenia rieki Schlüter 2000
G. †Oryctoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Oryctoxyela anomala Rasnitsyn 1969
Oryctoxyela triassica Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Triassoxyela Rasnitsyn 1964
+
Triassoxyela foveolata Rasnitsyn 1964
Triassoxyela kirgizica Rasnitsyn 1964
Triassoxyela orycta Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Xaxexis Pagliano and Scaramozzino 1990
+
Xaxexis longhuaensis Hong 1984
Invalid names: Euryxyela Hong 1984 [replaced]
G. †Xiphoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Xiphoxyela procrusta Rasnitsyn 1969
Xiphoxyela striata Rasnitsyn 1964
G. †Xyelinus Rasnitsyn 1964
+
Xyelinus angustiradius Rasnitsyn 1964
Xyelinus majus Rasnitsyn 1969
Subfm. †Daohugoinae Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2004
+
G. †Daohugoa Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2004
+
Daohugoa bella Wang et al. 2019
Daohugoa longa Wang et al. 2019
Daohugoa tobiasi Rasnitsyn and Zhang 2004
Subfm. Macroxyelinae Ashmead 1898
+
Tr. †Angaridyelini Rasnitsyn 1966
+
G. †Angaridyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Baissoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Ceratoxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
G. †Evacuxyela Dai et al. 2022
G. †Leptoxyela Dai et al. 2022
G. †Lethoxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
G. †Liaoxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
G. †Nigrimonticola Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Ophthalmoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Bolboxyela Rasnitsyn 1990
+
Bolboxyela bolboica Rasnitsyn 1990
Tr. †Ceroxyelini Rasnitsyn 1966
+
G. †Ceroxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Isoxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
G. †Sinoxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
Tr. †Gigantoxyelini Rasnitsyn 1969
+
G. †Abrotoxyela Gao et al. 2009
G. †Chaetoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Gigantoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Heteroxyela Zhang and Zhang 2000
G. †Magnaxyela Zheng et al. 2020
G. †Shartexyela Rasnitsyn 2008
Tr. Macroxyelini Ashmead 1898
+
G. †Anthoxyela Rasnitsyn 1977
G. †Brachyoxyela Gao et al. 2011
G. †Chionoxyela Rasnitsyn 1993
G. Megaxyela Ashmead 1898
G. †Paleoxyela Jouault et al. 2021
Tr. Xyeleciini Benson 1945
+
G. †Microxyelecia Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Proxyelia Jouault et al. 2021
G. †Scleroxyela Zheng et al. 2021
G. †Uroxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. Xyelecia Ross 1932
G. †Xyelites Rasnitsyn 1966
Subfm. †Madygellinae Rasnitsyn 1969
+
G. †Chubakka Kopylov 2014
+
Chubakka madygensis Kopylov 2014
G. †Madygella Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Madygella analoga Rasnitsyn 1969
Madygella aristovi Kopylov 2014
Madygella bashkuevi Kopylov 2014
Madygella humioi Oyama and Maeda 2020
Madygella kurochkini Kopylov 2014
Madygella levivenosa Kopylov 2014
G. †Samarkandykia Kopylov 2014
+
Samarkandykia ryzhkovae Kopylov 2014
Samarkandykia shmakovi Kopylov 2014
G. †Sirecomima Rasnitsyn 1969
+
Sirecomima xiphophora Rasnitsyn 1969
Subfm. Xyelinae Newman 1834
+
G. †Aequixyela Wang et al. 2014
+
Aequixyela immensa Wang et al. 2014
Tr. †Liadoxyelini Rasnitsyn 1966
+
G. †Anomoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Cathayxyela Wang et al. 2014
G. †Kirghizoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Liadoxyela Martynov 1937
G. †Lydoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Novoxyela Zheng et al. 2023
G. †Orthoxyela Rasnitsyn 1983
G. †Platyxyela Wang et al. 2012
G. †Potrerilloxyela Lara et al. 2014
G. Pleuroneura Konow 1897
Tr. Xyelini Newman 1834
+
G. †Enneoxyela Rasnitsyn 1966
G. †Eoxyela Rasnitsyn 1965
G. †Spathoxyela Rasnitsyn 1969
G. Xyela Dalman 1819
+
Invalid names: Pinicola Brébisson 1818 [synonym]
G. †Xyelisca Rasnitsyn 1969
G. †Yanoxyela Ren 1995
Invalid names: Aculeata Scopoli 1763 [synonym], Cleptes steenstrupi Beck 1836 [nomen nudum], Piezata Fabricius 1798 [synonym], Pseudisobrachium oligocenicum Theobald 1937 [nomen dubium], Shandongodes necrodes Zhang 1985 [nomen dubium], Siricomorpha Rasnitsyn 1980 [invalid subgroup], Symphyta Gerstaecker 1867 [invalid subgroup]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Bush and Bambach 2015, Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ladinian to the top of the Holocene or 242.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 237.0 Ma

Collections (1012 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Euryxyela lata, Asioxyela antiqua, Asioxyela smilodon, Triassoxyela grandipennis, Asioxyela parvula, Triassoxyela orycta, Triassoxyela kirgizica, Xyelinus angustiradius, Euryxyela euryptera, Triassoxyela striata (106090) Ferganoxyela sogdiana, Ferganoxyela destructa, Triassoxyela orycta, Oryctoxyela anomala, Madygenius primitivus (106088) Leioxyela mollis, Leioxyela mitis, Leioxyela grandis, Asioxyela paurura, Lithoxyela fenestralis, Xyelinus majus, Dinoxyela armata, Oryctoxyela triassica, Madygenius extraradius, Xiphoxyela procrusta, Madygella analoga (110763) Madygella bashkuevi, Madygella levivenosa, Madygella aristovi, Samarkandykia shmakovi, Samarkandykia ryzhkovae (163986) Madygella kurochkini, Chubakka madygensis (163987) Triassoxyela foveolata (113468)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina Potrerilloxyela menendezi (151962)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Japan (Yamaguchi) Xyeloidea indet., Madygella humioi (106482)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Moltenia rieki (23142)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Australia (Queensland) Archexyela crosbyi (106484) Archexyela ipswichensis (156521)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Germany Sepulenia sp. (123417)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Kyrgyzstan (Tonskiy) Kirghizoxyela mirabilis (105087) Sogutia liassica (105084)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Kyrgyzstan Liadoxyela praecox (114701)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Niedersachsen) Liadobracona raduhna (139222) Sippelipterus liasinus (114995) Thilopterus lampei (154300) Xyelula benderi (154299)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Grimmaratavites mirabilis (114993) Xyelula benderi (154298)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Bavaria) Xyelula benderi (117794)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany Ephialtitidae indet., Xyelula benderi (114991)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0Luxembourg Symphyta indet., Pseudoxyelocerus bascharagensis (105427)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Germany Brigittepterus brauckmanni, Liadobracona raduhna, Xyelula benderi (104056)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1India (Andhra Pradesh) Xyelula alexandri (79229)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1India (Adilabad) Kotaphialtites frankmortoni (117538)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Russian Federation (Irkutsk) Liadoxyela iensis (104995)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Kyrgyzstan (Batken) Liasirex sogdianus, Shurabisca liassica, Sepulenia syricta (105124) Proapocritus praecursor, Onokhoius sogdianus, Sagulyda magna, Sagulyda ferganica, Ferganolyda sogdiana, Ferganolyda radialis, Ferganolyda cubitalis (105003) Sagulyda arcuata (110817)
Bajocian - Bathonian170.3 - 166.1Mongolia (Bayan-Khongor) Parabakharius parvus (124340) Xyelula bakharensis (114615)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Beipiaosirex parva (154732) Mesohelorus haifanggouensis (157657) Mesolyda rara (113475) Nygmatius beipiaoensis (154729) Paraulacus sinicus (156597) Proapocritus habitus, Praeaulacon grossus, Praeaulacus scabratus, Nevania deviata (228936) Sinocephus haifanggouensis (154733) Sinoryssus suni (154730)