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Protozoa

Taxonomy
Protozoa was named by Goldfuss (1818) [also said to be 1817 or 1820]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Eukaryota by Blackwell (2004); to Protista by Cervato (2005); and to Eukaryota by Ruggiero et al. (2015).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1818Protozoa Goldfuss
2004Protozoa Blackwell p. 274
2005Protozoa Cervato
2015Protozoa Ruggiero et al. p. 15

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RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
RankNameAuthor
subkingdomProtozoaGoldfuss 1818
subkingdomProtozoaGoldfuss 1818

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Noginian to the top of the Holocene or 301.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 300.2 Ma

Collections (122 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Noginian301.2 - 300.2USA (Kansas) Protozoa indet. (11782 11785)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0Bulgaria Stomiosphaera moluccana, Colomisphaera nagyi (151486)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Cuba Calpionella spp. (57724)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Cuba Calpionella alpina (57712) Chitinoidella boneti (57203)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Cuba Calpionellida indet. (57204)
Middle Tithonian - Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Czech Republic Calpionella alpina (31283)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2Poland Calpionella alpina, Crassicollaria intermedia (64117)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Berriasian150.8 - 139.8Cuba Calpionella alpina (57205)
Early/Lower Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Austria Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina (60195) Remaniella ferasini, Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina (60091 60194)
Early/Lower Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Romania (Bicaz Gorges) Remaniella dadayi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina, Crassicollaria massutiniana, Crassicollaria parvula (138717)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Algeria Calpionella alpina (64363) Calpionellopsis simplex (64331) Calpionellopsis sp. (64323) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellopsis simplex (64317)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Austria Lorenziella hungarica, Cadosina minuta, Stomiosphaera wanneri (60202) Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescu, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis oblonga (60200) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis oblonga (60201)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Algeria Tintinnopsella carpathica (64361)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2Austria Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescu, Calpionella alpina, Calpionella elliptica, Calpionellopsis simplex (60199) Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella subacuta, Calpionella elliptica, Cadosina semiradiata (60198) Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella colomi, Remaniella borzai, Calpionella alpina, Calpionella elliptica (60196) Remaniella duranddelgai, Remaniella colomi, Remaniella borzai, Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina, Calpionella elliptica, Stomiosphaera wanneri (60197)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Spain Remaniella borzai, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65319) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella borzai, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65320) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella borzai, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65318) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65308 65310) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Lorenziella dacica (65313) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescui, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65288 65290 65293 65294) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65287) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65289) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65317) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65291 65311) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65295) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65321) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65315) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65316) Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65309) Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65314) Remaniella filipescui, Remaniella catalanoi, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65292) Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (64999) Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (64982) Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (64993) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65323) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65312) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (64986)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Poland Tintinnopsella longa, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella alpina, Calpionella elliptica, Calpionella austriaca, Calpionellites darderi, Crassicollaria parvula, Crassicollaria intermedia (62344)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Cuba Calpionella sp. (57709) Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (57202)
Berriasian - Early/Lower Valanginian145.0 - 136.4Cuba Calpionella alpina, Calpionella sp., Calpionellopsis sp. (57725)
Berriasian - Early/Lower Valanginian145.0 - 136.4Albania Remaniella cadishiana, Tintinnopsella longa, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella elliptica, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Calpionellopsis simplex (67435)
Late/Upper Berriasian - Early/Lower Valanginian145.0 - 136.4Cuba Calpionellopsis simplex, Calpionellopsis oblonga (57716)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Austria Remaniella filipescu, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella minuta, Calpionellites coronata, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (60203) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella elliptica, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites major, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Cadosina minuta, Cadosina semiradiata (60206) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionella minuta, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites major, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Cadosina minuta (60204) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellites darderi (60205)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Romania (Bicaz Gorges) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellites allemanni (138804)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Cuba Calpionellites darderi, Cadosina sp. (57710)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Austria Cadosina semiradiata, Cadosina minuta, Stomiosphaera wanneri, Colomisphaera vogleri (60207) Cadosina semiradiata, Colomisphaera vogleri (60229) Cadosina semiradiata, Stomiosphaera wanneri (60209 60210 60225 60226 60227) Stomiosphaera echinata (60228) Stomiosphaera wanneri (60208) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Cadosina semiradiata, Colomisphaera vogleri (60211) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Cadosina semiradiata, Stomiosphaera wanneri (60224)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Albania Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Calpionellopsis simplex (67436)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Spain Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella borzai, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65324) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescui, Remaniella borzai, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65298) Remaniella cadischiana, Remaniella filipescui, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites caravacaensis, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65301) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites caravacaensis, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65333) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionella alpina, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65296 65297) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites caravacaensis, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65302 65330) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellites caravacaensis, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65304 65305 65332) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65018 65325) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65329) Remaniella cadischiana, Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65014 65016) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica (65007) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellites darderi, Calpionellopsis oblonga, Lorenziella hungarica, Praecalpionellites murgeanui (65326 65328) Tintinnopsella carpathica, Tintinnopsella longa, Calpionellopsis oblonga (65012)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Canada (Nova Scotia) Calpionella alpina (45348)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Slovakia Cadosina semiradiata, Stomiosphaera wanneri, Colomisphaera sp. (2061) Tintinnopsella carpathia, Cadosina semiradiata, Colomisphaera vogleri, Colomisphaera heliosphaera (2060)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46Belgium (Sauerland) Entamoebites antiquus (22645)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Spain Praedorothia sp. (145182 145184)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mexico Stomiosphaera sphaerica (42270)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Paleotrypanosoma burmanicus (104053)
Late/Upper Cenomanian - Early/Lower Turonian99.6 - 89.3Italy Stomiosphaera sp. (67617)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3Spain Stomiosphaera sp. (79728)
Coniacian - Campanian89.8 - 72.1Italy Stomiosphaera sp. (161219)
Late/Upper Santonian - Campanian85.8 - 72.1Italy Stomiosphaera sp. (67596)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Slovakia Cadosina undosa, Cadosina spinosa, Cadosina fusca (88186)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Slovakia Cadosina fusca (88272 88274)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Belgium (Vlaanderen) Pseudarcella rhumbleri (94039)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Ukraine Bignotella batiformis, Bignotella cristatus, Bignotella aculeata, Yvonniellina calathioides, Yvonniellina glabra, Savroniella rugosa (47068)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Ukraine (Dnepropetrovsk) Pseudarcella hiulca, Pseudarcella rhynchonelloides, Pseudarcella sulcifera, Pseudarcella spumea, Pseudarcella conoides, Pseudarcella laxa, Pseudarcella rhumbleri (47039)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Ukraine Bignotella batiformis, Bignotella elongata, Bignotella cristata, Bignotella bulbulus, Yvonniellina oedelemensis, Savroniella cincinnata (47067)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Italy Nemkovella strophiolata (147798 147799)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany Pseudarcella rhumbleri (95898)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Indonesia Catinaster coalitus (168772)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Victoria) Coxiella sp. (182902)