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Braconidae

Insecta - Hymenoptera - Braconidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Braconidae Nees ab Esenbeck p. 3
1862Braconoidae Förster p. 227
1921Braconidae Cockerell
1986Eoichneumonidae Jell and Duncan p. 184
1988Eoichneumonidae Rasnitsyn and Sharkey
1989Braconidae Zhang p. 246
1992Braconidae Carpenter
1998Eoichneumonidae Rasnitsyn and Jarzembowski p. 363
2002Fushunobracon Hong p. 424
2002Fushunobracon orientalis Hong p. 424 figs. Pl 35, fig 3; text-fig 2.8.17-24
2002Xuaulacites Hong p. 428
2002Xuaulacites fushunensis Hong p. 429 figs. Pl 36, fig 3; text-fig 2.8.25-33
2007Braconidae Sharkey
2018Braconidae Archibald et al. p. 214

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
RankNameAuthor
subclassPterygota()
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
Holometabola
Hymenopterida
orderHymenoptera
Unicalcarida
suborderApocritaGerstaecker 1867
superfamilyIchneumonoidea
familyBraconidae
familyBraconidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Braconidae Nees ab Esenbeck 1811
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Subfm. Agathidinae Haliday 1833
+
G. Agathis Latreille 1804
+
Agathis immortalis Escapa et al. 2018
G. Bassus Fabricius 1804
+
Bassus filipalpis Theobald 1937
Bassus juvenilis Brues 1910
Bassus magnareola Belokobylskij 2014
Bassus miocenicus Cockerell 1927
Bassus quadrangularis Brues 1933
Bassus velatus Brues 1910
Invalid names: Microdus Nees 1812 [objective synonym]
G. Cremnops Förster 1862
G. Earinus Wesmael 1837
+
Earinus saxatilis Brues 1910
G. Aivalykus Nixon 1938
+
Aivalykus dominicanus Zuparko and Poinar 1997
G. Alysia Latreille 1804
+
Alysia exigua Brues 1910
Alysia latifrons Statz 1936
Alysia meunieri Theobald 1937
Alysia petrina Brues 1910
Alysia phanerognatha Cockerell 1927
Alysia ruskii Cockerell 1913
Subfm. Alysiinae Leach 1815
+
Tr. Alysiini Förster 1862
+
G. Aspilota Förster 1862
+
Aspilota stigmalineata Statz 1938
G. Pentapleura Förster 1862
+
Pentapleura filicornis Statz 1938
G. Tanycarpa Förster 1862
+
Subfm. Aphidiinae Haliday 1833
+
Tr. Aphidiini Haliday 1833
+
Subtr. Monoctonina Mackauer 1961
+
G. †Promonoctonia Stary 1973
+
Promonoctonia quievreuxi Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Protacanthoides Mackauer 1961
+
Protacanthoides fossilis Mackauer 1959
+
Invalid names: Trioxys obscuriformis Quilis Pérez 1940 [replaced]
G. †Protoctonus Davidian 2022
+
Protoctonus groehni Davidian 2022
G. †Sakhalinoctonus Davidian 2021
+
G. Aphidius Nees 1818
+
Aphidius maximus Theobald 1937
G. †Archephedrus Ortega-Blanco et al. 2009
+
Archephedrus stolamissus Ortega-Blanco et al. 2009
G. †Archipraon Stary 1973
+
Archipraon gausai Quilis Pérez 1940
G. Diaeretus Förster 1862
Tr. Ephedrini Mackauer 1961
+
G. Ephedrus Haliday 1833
+
Ephedrus carsteni Davidian 2023
Ephedrus mirabilis Timon-David 1944
Ephedrus primordialis Brues 1933
Ephedrus rasnitsyni Davidian and Kaliuzhna 2021
Ephedrus zaikai Davidian 2023
G. †Holocnomus Quilis Pérez 1940
+
Holocnomus braconiformis Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Oligoaphidius Quilis Pérez 1940
+
Oligoaphidius sannoniensis Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Palaeoxys Mackauer 1961
+
Palaeoxys fuscus Quilis Pérez 1940
Palaeoxys primigenius Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Praeaphidius Stary 1973
+
G. Praon Haliday 1833
G. †Propraon Brues 1933
+
Propraon cellulare Brues 1933
G. †Protephedrus Quilis Pérez 1940
+
Protephedrus terciarius Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Protodiaeretiella Stary 1973
+
Protodiaeretiella berdlandi Quilis Pérez 1940
G. †Pseudaphidius Stary 1973
+
Pseudaphidius cenozoicus Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius fosiliferus Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius lysiphleboides Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius nigrofacies Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius oligoarundinis Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius oligocenus Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius premedicaginis Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius pseudogranarius Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius saliniferus Quilis Pérez 1940
Pseudaphidius torneli Quilis Pérez 1940
G. Trioxys Haliday 1833
Subfm. Apozyginae Mason 1978
+
G. †Aenigmabracon Perrichot et al. 2009
+
Aenigmabracon capdoliensis Perrichot et al. 2009
G. Austrohelcon Turner 1918
Subfm. Betylobraconinae Tobias 1979
+
G. Mesocentrus Szépligeti 1900
+
Mesocentrus palaeoeuropaea Butcher et al. 2014
Invalid names: Betylobraconini Tobias 1979 [invalid subgroup]
Subfm. Brachistinae Förster 1862
+
Tr. Blacini Foerster 1862
+
G. Blacus Nees 1818
+
Subg. †Blacus (Electroblacus) Brues 1933
+
Blacus andreei Brues 1933
Blacus crassicapitatus Statz 1938
Blacus fritschii Brues 1933
Blacus klebsi Brues 1933
Blacus multiarticulatiformis Shenefelt 1969
+
Invalid names: Blacus multiarticulatus Brues 1923 [replaced]
Blacus verticalis Tobias 1987
Invalid names: Promonolexis Brues 1933 [synonym]
G. Neoblacus Ashmead 1900
+
Neoblacus facialis Brues 1937
G. †Palaeoblacus Statz 1936
+
Palaeoblacus aculeatus Statz 1936
Tr. Brachistini Förster 1862
+
G. Eubazus Nees 1814
+
Subg. Eubazus (Brachistes) Wesmael 1835
Eubazus brodiei Belokobylskij 2014
Eubazus flavistigma Belokobylskij 2014
Eubazus grandareola Belokobylskij 2014
Eubazus hooleyi Belokobylskij 2014
Eubazus nanus Belokobylskij 2014
Eubazus normalis Brues 1923
Eubazus wilmattae Brues 1910
G. Triaspis Haliday 1835
+
Triaspis anomala Brues 1939
Tr. Diospilini Förster 1862
+
G. Diospilus Haliday 1833
+
Diospilus acourti Cockerell 1921
Diospilus curtithorax Belokobylskij 2014
Diospilus soporatus Brues 1910
G. Dyscoletes Haliday 1839
G. Taphaeus Wesmael 1835
+
Taphaeus cervicalis Cockerell 1921
Taphaeus longicornis Statz 1936
Taphaeus praecox Brues 1923
Taphaeus verus Theobald 1937
Invalid names: Triaspidinae Viereck 1918 [synonym]
Subfm. Braconinae Nees ab Esenbeck 1811
+
Tr. Aphrastobraconini Ashmead 1900
+
G. Cyanopterus Haliday 1835
+
Cyanopterus vectensis Cockerell 1921
Invalid names: Ipobracon Thomson 1892 [synonym]
G. †Bembracon Belokobylskij 2014
+
Bembracon acourtsmithi Belokobylskij 2014
Bembracon medialis Belokobylskij 2014
Tr. Braconini Nees ab Esenbeck 1811
+
G. Bracon Fabricius 1805
+
Bracon abstractus Brues 1910
Bracon antefurcalis Belokobylskij 2014
Bracon brodiei Belokobylskij 2014
Bracon cockerelli Brues 1910
Bracon diffusiventre Theobald 1937
Bracon florissanticola Cockerell 1919
Bracon induratum Theobald 1937
Bracon laceolata Zhang 1989
Bracon laminarum Scudder 1878
Bracon macrostigma von Heyden 1858
Bracon micrarche Cockerell 1921
Bracon pallidus Heer 1867
Bracon praeteritus Förster 1891
Bracon resurrectus Brues 1910
Bracon rottensis Meunier 1915
Bracon vasseuri Meunier 1914
Subfm. Cardiochilinae Ashmead 1900
+
G. †Oligoneuroides Brues 1910
+
Subfm. Charmontinae van Achterberg 1979
+
Tr. †Palaeocharmontini Belokobylskij et al. 2010
+
G. †Palaeocharmon Belokobylskij et al. 2010
+
Palaeocharmon basalis Belokobylskij et al. 2010
Subfm. Cheloninae Nees 1816
+
G. †Anacanthobracon Brues 1939
+
G. Ascogaster Wesmael 1835
+
Subg. Ascogaster (Ascogaster) Wesmael 1835
+
Ascogaster (Ascogaster) brodiei Belokobylskij 2014
Ascogaster (Ascogaster) pygmaea Belokobylskij 2014
Ascogaster (Ascogaster) yulei Belokobylskij 2014
Subg. †Ascogaster (Syntaphus) Donisthorpe 1920
+
Ascogaster (Syntaphus) latitibialis Belokobylskij and Zaldívar-Riverón 2021
Ascogaster (Syntaphus) wheeleri Donisthorpe 1920
Ascogaster adentata Tobias 1987
Ascogaster dilatata Brues 1933
Ascogaster longicauda Tobias 1987
Ascogaster pentagona Brues 1933
Ascogaster pinicola Brues 1933
Ascogaster praevolans Brues 1933
Ascogaster robusta Brues 1933
Ascogaster rutilipes Tobias 1987
Ascogaster submersa Brues 1933
Ascogaster sylvestris Brues 1933
Ascogaster thoracica Tobias 1987
Tr. †Chelonohelconini Tobias 1987
+
G. †Chelonohelcon Brues 1933
+
G. Chelonus Panzer 1806
+
Chelonus depressus Brues 1910
Chelonus muratus Brues 1910
Chelonus solidus Brues 1910
G. †Diodontogaster Brues 1933
+
G. Phanerotoma Wesmael 1838
+
Phanerotoma baltica Brues 1933
Phanerotoma extensa Brues 1933
Phanerotoma menieri Belokobylskij et al. 2010
Tr. Phanerotomini Baker 1926
+
G. Phanerotomella Szépligeti 1900
+
Phanerotomella brevivena Kittel 2018
G. Coeloreuteus Roman 1910
+
Coeloreuteus gracilior Brues 1933
Coeloreuteus resinae Brues 1933
G. †Digastrotheca Brues 1933
+
Subfm. †Diospilitinae Tobias 1987
+
G. †Diospilites Brues 1933
+
Subfm. Doryctinae Förster 1862
+
G. Doryctes Haliday 1839
+
Doryctes conjectus Statz 1938
Doryctes contectus Brues 1933
Doryctes filiformis Brues 1933
Doryctes huadongensis Zhang 1989
Doryctes hyalinus Brues 1933
Doryctes longicornis Statz 1938
Doryctes longulus Statz 1938
Doryctes minutus Brues 1933
Doryctes pedicularis Statz 1936
Doryctes rotundatus Statz 1938
Doryctes succinalis Brues 1933
G. †Eocenhecabolus Belokobylskij 2023
+
Eocenhecabolus kotenkoi Belokobylskij 2023
Tr. Hecabolini Förster 1862
+
G. Ecphylus Förster 1862
+
Ecphylus oculatus Muesebeck 1960
G. Hecabolus Haliday 1834
+
Hecabolus gladiator Statz 1936
G. Polystenus Förster 1862
+
Polystenus obduratus Brues 1933
G. Ontsira Cameron 1900
+
Ontsira cenozoica Belokobylskij 2014
Ontsira colenutti Cockerell 1921
Ontsira distracta Cockerell 1921
G. †Palaeorhoptrocentrus Belokobylskij 2023
+
Palaeorhoptrocentrus kanti Belokobylskij 2023
Tr. Spathiini Förster 1862
+
G. Spathius Nees 1818
+
Spathius macroradialis Statz 1938
G. †Electrohelcon Brues 1933
+
Electrohelcon foveatus Brues 1933
Electrohelcon grandis Brues 1933
Electrohelcon minor Brues 1933
G. †Eobracon Cockerell 1921
+
Eobracon cladurus Cockerell 1921
G. †Eobraconus Rasnitsyn 1985
+
Eobraconus inopinatus Rasnitsyn 1983
Invalid names: Eobracon Rasnitsyn 1983 [replaced]
Subfm. Euphorinae Förster 1862
+
Tr. Centistini Čapek 1970
+
G. Centistoides van Achterberg 1992
+
Subg. †Centistoides (Palaeoides) Belokobylskij 2024
+
G. †Parasyrrhizus Brues 1933
+
Parasyrrhizus ludens Brues 1933
G. Pygostolus Haliday 1833
+
Pygostolus clavatus Brues 1933
Tr. Euphorini Förster 1862
+
G. Euphorus Nees 1834
+
Euphorus indurescens Brues 1910
Tr. Meteorini Cresson 1887
+
G. Meteorus Haliday 1835
+
Meteorus applanatus Belokobylskij 2014
Meteorus arasnitsyni Belokobylskij and Zaldívar-Riverón 2021
Meteorus brevis Brues 1933
Meteorus crassicornis Brues 1933
Meteorus crassitergum Belokobylskij 2014
Meteorus elongatus Brues 1933
Meteorus longicornis Statz 1938
Tr. Neoneurini Bengtsson 1918
+
G. †Elasmosomites Brues 1933
+
Elasmosomites arkadyleleji Belokobylskij 2021
Tr. †Oncometeorini Tobias 1987
+
G. †Oncometeorus Tobias 1987
+
Oncometeorus aduncus Tobias 1987
G. †Palaeorionis Belokobylskij and Hovorka 2022
+
Palaeorionis longicaudis Belokobylskij and Hovorka 2022
Tr. Perilitini Förster 1862
+
G. †Meteorites Brues 1939
+
Meteorites inopinata Brues 1939
G. †Onychoura Brues 1933
+
Onychoura petiolata Brues 1933
G. Perilitus Nees 1818
+
Subg. Perilitus (Microctonus) Wesmael 1835
+
Tr. †Prosyntretini Tobias 1987
+
G. †Prosyntretus Tobias 1987
+
Prosyntretus calcaratus Tobias 1987
Subfm. Exothecinae Förster 1862
+
G. Chremylus Haliday 1833
+
Chremylus infuscatus Belokobylskij 2014
G. Colastes Haliday 1833
+
Colastes abrogatus Brues 1910
Invalid names: Exothecus Wesmael 1838 [synonym]
Tr. Hormiini Förster 1862
+
G. Hormius Nees 1819
+
Hormius submersus Brues 1933
Invalid names: Hormiellus Enderlein 1912 [synonym]
G. †Prochremylus Brues 1933
+
G. †Palaeocolastes Belokobylskij and Zaldívar-Riverón 2021
+
Palaeocolastes bruesi Belokobylskij and Zaldívar-Riverón 2021
G. †Palaeorhyssalus Brues 1933
+
Tr. Rhysipolini Belokobylskij 1984
+
G. Cantharoctonus Viereck 1912
+
Cantharoctonus bruesii Statz 1936
G. Rhysipolis Förster 1862
+
Rhysiopolis distinctus Theobald 1937
G. †Trichelyon Ortega-Blanco and Engel 2012
+
Trichelyon tadkeshwarense Ortega-Blanco and Engel 2012
Subfm. Helconinae Förster 1862
+
Tr. †Acampsohelconini Tobias 1987
+
G. †Acampsohelcon Tobias 1987
+
Acampsohelcon rasnitzini Tobias 1987
G. Aspicolpus Wesmael 1836
+
Aspicolpus clarus Brues 1933
Aspicolpus fraternus Brues 1933
Aspicolpus perditellus Brues 1933
Aspicolpus repertus Brues 1910
Aspicolpus similis Brues 1933
Aspicolpus temporalis Belokobylskij 2014
G. †Calyptoides Cockerell 1921
+
Calyptoides veternus Cockerell 1921
G. Eumacrocentrus Ashmead 1900
+
Eumacrocentrus similis Brues 1933
Tr. Helconini Förster 1862
+
G. Helcon Nees 1814
+
Helcon klebsi Brues 1933
Helcon minor Brues 1933
Invalid names: Gymnoscelus Förster 1862 [objective synonym]
G. Hellenius Tobias 1982
+
Hellenius kozlovi Belokobylskij 2014
Subfm. Homolobinae van Achterberg 1979
+
G. Homolobus Förster 1862
+
Homolobus rasnitsyni Belokobylskij 2014
G. Hormiopterus Giraud 1869
+
Hormiopterus petrinus Scudder 1877
Subfm. Ichneutinae Förster 1862
+
Tr. Ichneutini Förster 1862
+
G. Ichneutes Nees 1816
+
Ichneutes stigmaticus Brues 1933
Tr. Muesebeckiini Mason 1969
+
G. Oligoneurus Szépligeti 1902
+
Oligoneurus eocenus Belokobylskij 2024
Tr. Proteropini van Achterberg 1976
+
G. †Colemanus Fisher 2015
+
Colemanus contortus Brues 1933
Colemanus keeleyorum Fisher 2015
G. Iphiaulax Förster 1862
Subfm. Masoninae van Achterberg 1995
+
Tr. Masonini van Achterberg 1995
+
G. †Anoblepsis Engel and Bennett 2008
+
Anoblepsis konokeraia Engel and Bennett 2008
G. Masona van Achterberg 1995
+
Masona pyriceps Van Achterberg 2001
Subfm. †Megalyrhyssalinae Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
+
G. †Megalyrhyssalus Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
+
Megalyrhyssalus clavicornis Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
Subfm. Microgastrinae Förster 1862
+
G. Apanteles Förster 1862
+
Apanteles concinna Statz 1938
G. †Dacnusites Cockerell 1921
+
Dacnusites reductus Cockerell 1921
Dacnusites sepultus Cockerell 1921
G. Microgaster Latreille 1804
+
Microgaster balani Bocquet-Vedrine 1967
G. Microplitis Förster 1862
+
Microplitis elegans Timon-David 1944
Microplitis vesperus Brues 1910
G. †Palaeomicrogaster Belokobylskij 2014
+
Palaeomicrogaster oculatus Belokobylskij 2014
G. Semionis Nixon 1965
+
Semionis nixoni Tobias 1987
Semionis wightensis Belokobylskij 2014
Invalid names: Semionini Tobias 1987 [invalid subgroup]
Subfm. Microtypinae Szepligeti 1908
+
G. Microtypus Ratzeburg 1848
+
Microtypus brevicornis Brues 1933
Microtypus eocenus Belokobylskij and Zaldívar-Riverón 2021
Microtypus grandis Brues 1939
Microtypus hooleyi Cockerell 1921
Microtypus latipennis Brues 1933
Microtypus longicornis Brues 1933
Microtypus obliquus Brues 1933
Microtypus terebrator Brues 1933
Microtypus verticalis Brues 1933
Invalid names: Diospiloides Cockerell 1921 [synonym]
Subfm. Miracinae
+
G. †Miracoides Brues 1933
+
Miracoides proteus Brues 1933
Subfm. Opiinae Blanchard 1845
+
G. Biosteres Förster 1862
+
Biosteres peritus Cockerell 1921
G. Diachasma Förster 1862
+
Invalid names: Bathystomus Förster 1862 [synonym]
G. Opius Wesmael 1835
Subfm. Orgilinae Ashmead 1900
+
G. Orgilus Haliday 1833
+
Orgilus ashmeadii Brues 1933
Orgilus grandior Brues 1933
Orgilus longicornis Brues 1933
G. Phanomeris Förster 1862
Subfm. †Protobraconinae van Achterberg and Chen 2020
+
G. †Chainochora van Achterberg and Chen 2021
+
Chainochora syntoma Chen and van Achterberg 2021
G. †Kleistochora van Achterberg and Chen 2021
+
Kleistochora dolichura Chen and van Achterberg 2021
G. †Protobracon van Achterberg and Chen 2020
+
Protobracon robusticauda Chen and van Achterberg 2020
G. †Rhetinorhyssalites Engel et al. 2017
+
Rhetinorhyssalites emersoni Engel et al. 2017
G. †Tibialobracon van Achterberg and Chen 2020
+
Tibialobracon compressicornis Chen and van Achterberg 2020
Tibialobracon laevis Chen and van Achterberg 2023
Subfm. †Protorhyssalinae Basibuyuk et al. 1999
+
G. †Archaeorhyssalus Engel 2016
+
G. †Burmabracon Li et al. 2021
+
Burmabracon gracilens Li et al. 2021
Burmabracon grossus Li et al. 2021
G. †Cretorhyssalus Belokobylskij 2012
+
Cretorhyssalus brevis Belokobylskij 2012
G. †Diorhyssalus Engel 2016
+
Diorhyssalus allani Brues 1937
G. †Magadanobracon Belokobylskij 2012
+
Magadanobracon rasnitsyni Belokobylskij 2012
Magadanobracon zherikhini Belokobylskij 2012
G. †Protorhyssalodes Perrichot et al. 2009
+
Protorhyssalodes arnaudi Perrichot et al. 2009
G. †Protorhyssalopsis Ortega-Blanco et al. 2011
+
Protorhyssalopsis perrichoti Ortega-Blanco et al. 2011
G. †Protorhyssalus Basibuyuk and Quicke 1999
+
Protorhyssalus goldmani Basibuyuk and Quicke 1999
G. †Rhetinorhyssalus Engel 2016
+
G. †Seneciobracon Engel and Huang 2018
+
Seneciobracon novalatus Engel and Huang 2018
G. †Utrillabracon Álvarez-Parra and Engel 2022
+
Utrillabracon electropteron Álvarez-Parra and Engel 2022
G. †Pyramidibracon van Achterberg and Chen 2020
+
Pyramidibracon clypeatus Chen and van Achterberg 2020
G. Rhaconotus Ruthe 1854
Subfm. Rhyssalinae Förster 1862
+
G. Dolopsidea Hincks 1944
+
Dolopsidea intermedia Belokobylskij 2014
G. Doryctomorpha Ashmead 1900
G. Oncophanes Förster 1862
+
Oncophanes andrewrossi Belokobylskij 2014
G. Rhyssalus Haliday 1833
+
Rhyssalus brevicornis Brues 1933
Rhyssalus bruesi Belokobylskij 2014
Rhyssalus rugosus Brues 1933
Subfm. Rogadinae Förster 1862
+
G. Clinocentrus Haliday 1833
+
Clinocentrus caudatus Brues 1933
Clinocentrus debilis Brues 1933
Clinocentrus latitator Brues 1933
Clinocentrus microps Brues 1933
Clinocentrus robustus Brues 1933
Clinocentrus rottensis Statz 1936
Tr. Rogadini Förster 1862
+
G. Rogas Nees 1818
+
Rhogas festivus Statz 1938
Rhogas tertiarius Brues 1906
Rogas fritschii Brues 1933
G. Semirhytus Szepligeti 1902
+
Semirhytus caudatus Brues 1933
Subfm. Sigalphinae Haliday 1833
+
G. Urosigalphus Ashmead 1889
+
Urosigalphus aeternus Brues 1910
G. Sigalphus Latreille 1802
G. †Sinobracon Hong 1974
+
Sinobracon speciosus Hong 1974
G. Snellenius Westwood 1882
+
Snellenius succinalis Brues 1933
G. †Stephanorhyssalus Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
+
Stephanorhyssalus longiscapus Belokobylskij and Jouault 2021
G. †Vertibracon van Achterberg and Chen 2023
+
Vertibracon brevistigma Chen and van Achterberg 2023
G. Xenarcha Förster 1862
Invalid names: Eoichneumonidae Jell and Duncan 1986 [synonym], Fushunobracon Hong 2002 [nomen nudum], Microgasterinae Förster 1862 [empty], Seneciobraconinae Engel and Huang 2018 [empty], Xuaulacites Hong 2002 [nomen nudum]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Bush and Bambach 2015, Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tithonian to the top of the Piacenzian or 152.10000 to 2.58800 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 145.0 Ma

Collections (97 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Mongolia Cretobraconus maculatus (123426)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Purichneumon britannicus (176354)
Valanginian - Barremian139.8 - 125.0Mongolia (Dornogov) Eobracon inopinatus (113407)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryatia) Archobraconus pallidus (106103) Baissobracon striatus (122548) Baissobracon striatus, Cretobraconus micron, Cretobraconus antennatus, Archobraconus sp. (119441) Cretobraconus brachyurus (125791) Cretobraconus pusillus, Cretobraconus micron, Archobraconus caudatus, Archobraconus oculatus, Archobraconus parvus, Archobraconus microphthalmus (122549) Cretobraconus robustus, Archobraconus sp., Archobraconus imperfectus (119498)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 113.0Australia (Victoria) Eoichneumon duncanae (77192)
Early/Lower Aptian121.4 - 122.46Mongolia (Ara-Hangayn aymag) Cretobraconus mongolensis (123464)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Jordan Braconidae indet. (124847)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Spain (Aragón) Utrillabracon electropteron (91626)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Spain (Álava) Protorhyssalopsis perrichoti, Archephedrus stolamissus (108769)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5France (Charente-Maritime) Protorhyssalodes arnaudi, Aenigmabracon capdoliensis (107076)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Euphorinae indet. (104053)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Archaeorhyssalus subsolanus, Seneciobracon novalatus (161726) Burmabracon gracilens, Burmabracon grossus (165561) Kleistochora dolichura, Chainochora syntoma, Vertibracon brevistigma, Tibialobracon laevis (198811) Megalyrhyssalus clavicornis, Stephanorhyssalus longiscapus (179227) Pyramidibracon clypeatus, Protobracon robusticauda, Tibialobracon compressicornis (215972) Rhetinorhyssalus morticinus (111688)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (New Jersey) Protorhyssalus goldmani, Rhetinorhyssalites emersoni (110895)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Tenkinskii) Magadanobracon rasnitsyni, Magadanobracon zherikhini, Cretorhyssalus brevis (105375)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Myanmar Braconidae indet. (195455)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Manitoba) Diospilus allani, Pygostolus patriarchicus, Neoblacus facialis (122356)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Argentina (Chubut) Agathis immortalis (133753)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Palaeocharmon basalis, Phanerotoma menieri (123850)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Colorado) Colemanus keeleyorum (107337)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Washington) Braconidae indet. (119947)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Canada (British Columbia) Bracon sp. (112781) Braconidae indet. (31677 103205 119948 192138)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Trichelyon tadkeshwarense (124463)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8China (Liaoning) Fushunobracon orientalis, Xuaulacites fushunensis (124820) Sinobracon speciosus (125469)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Denmark Braconidae indet. (123997)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Utah) Eobracon cladurus (116369)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Ichneumon petrinus (121146)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Bracon laminarum (121322) Braconidae indet. (122090)
MP 1148.6 - 40.4Germany (Hessen) Braconidae indet. (120798)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Russian Federation Ephedrus rasnitsyni, Sakhalinoctonus alexrasnitsyni (107340)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Blacus sp., Elasmosomites sp., Anacanthobracon femorator, Triaspis anomala, Microtypus grandis, Blacus gracilicornis, Meteorites inopinata, Eubazus crassicornis (124205) Brachistes normalis, Blacus multiarticulatus, Taphaeus praecox, Cantharoctonus oligocenicus, Hormiellus submersus, Prochremylus brevicornis, Doryctes succinalis, Doryctes filiformis, Doryctes contectus, Doryctes hyalinus, Doryctes minutus, Doryctomorpha tertiaria, Polystenus obduratus, Promonolexis klebsi, Rhyssalus brevicornis, Rhyssalus rugosus, Palaeorhyssalus dubitosus, Digastrotheca mirabilis, Coeloreuteus resinae, Coeloreuteus gracilior, Clinocentrus microps, Clinocentrus latitator, Clinocentrus latipennis, Clinocentrus robustus, Clinocentrus caudatus, Clinocentrus debilis, Semirhytus caudatus, Phanerotoma extensa, Ascogaster pinicola, Ascogaster dilatata, Ascogaster gracilicornis, Ascogaster pentagona, Ascogaster robusta, Ascogaster sylvestris, Ascogaster submersa, Diodontogaster bidentata, Chelonohelcon mirabundus, Electrohelcon grandis, Electrohelcon minor, Austrohelcon minor, Eumacrocentrus similis, Gymnoscelus klebsi, Aspicolpus clarus, Aspicolpus perditellus, Aspicolpus fraternus, Aspicolpus moniliformis, Microtypus longicaudatus, Microtypus laeviusculus, Microtypus longicornis, Microtypus terebrator, Microtypus brevicornis, Microtypus verticalis, Microtypus triangulifer, Microtypus obliquus, Microtypus latipennis, Diospilites brevicornis, Blacus crassicornis, Blacus grandior, Blacus andreei, Electroblacus facialis, Neoblacus ashmeadii, Neoblacus longicornis, Pygostolus clavatus, Ichneutes contortus, Ichneutes stigmaticus, Parasyrrhizus ludens, Eocardiochiles fritschii, Microdus quadrangularis, Snellenius succinalis, Elasmosomites primordialis, Miracoides proteus, Meteorus crassicornis, Meteorus interstitialis, Meteorus elongatus, Meteorus brevis, Microctonus nanus, Onychoura petiolata, Ephedrus primordialis, Aphidius microphthalmus, Aphidius macrophthalmus, Propraon cellularis (123927) Braconidae indet. (124275) Diospilites brevicornis, Ascogaster latitibialis, Meteorus arasnitsyni, Palaeocolastes bruesi (122591) Diospilites brevicornis, Meteorus interstitialis, Acampsohelcon rasnitzini, Oncometeorus aduncus, Prosyntretus calcaratus, Blacus verticalis, Semionis nixoni, Ascogaster adentata, Ascogaster thoracica, Ascogaster longicauda, Ascogaster rutilipes (124849) Elasmosomites primordialis, Elasmosomites arkadyleleji, Palaeorhoptrocentrus kanti, Ephedrus zaikai (192258) Neoneurinae indet. (125139) Protoctonus groehni, Ephedrus carsteni (110735) Rhyssalus brevicornis, Rhogas fritschii, Phanerotoma baltica, Ascogaster pinicola, Ascogaster praevolans, Ascogaster robusta, Electrohelcon foveatus, Aspicolpus similis, Microtypus brevicornis, Blacus crassicornis, Blacus fritschii, Electroblacus facialis, Eocardiochiles fritschii, Miracoides proteus, Meteorus interstitialis, Ephedrus primordialis (127170)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Ukraine Eocenhecabolus kotenkoi (216943) Microtypus eocenus (223100)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Bembracon medialis (113829) Dacnusites sepultus, Bassus magnareola, Eubazus flavistigma, Bembracon acourtsmithi, Ascogaster pygmaea, Hellenius kozlovi, Homolobus rasnitsyni, Semionis wightensis (21976) Diospiloides hooleyi, Dacnusites reductus, Bassus quadrangularis, Eubazus hooleyi (123960) Diospilus acourti, Calyptoides veternus, Sigalphus cervicalis, Xenarcha distracta, Bathystomus peritus, Ipobracon vectensis, Phanomeris colenutti, Ipobracon micrarche, Syntaphus wheeleri, Eubazus brodiei, Eubazus grandareola, Eubazus nanus, Bracon antefurcalis, Bracon brodiei, Ascogaster brodiei, Ascogaster yulei, Ontsira cenozoica, Meteorus applanatus, Meteorus crassitergum, Chremylus infuscatus, Aspicolpus temporalis, Diospilus curtithorax, Palaeomicrogaster oculatus, Dolopsidea intermedia, Oncophanes andrewrossi, Rhyssalus bruesi (123959)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Denmark Mesocentrus palaeoeuropaea, Phanerotomella brevivena, Centistoides magnioculus, Oligoneurus eocenus (123762)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Alysia ruskii (122742) Bracon cockerelli (106382) Bracon florissanticola (113749) Calyptus wilmattae (106380) Microdus miocenicus, Alysia phanerognatha (124680) Microgaster primordialis, Alysia petrina, Alysia exigua, Euphorus indurescens, Diospilus repertus, Dyscoletes soporatus, Chelonus muratus, Chelonus depressus, Agathis saxatilis, Agathis velatus, Oligoneuroides destructus, Bracon cockerelli, Bracon abstractus, Opiinae indet. (106384) Microgaster primordialis, Bracon cockerelli, Bracon resurrectus (106381) Rhogas tertiarius, Microgaster primordialis (114150) Urosigalphus aeternus, Chelonus solidus, Agathis juvenilis, Microplitis vesperus, Exothecus abrogatus (123119)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Germany Bracon macrostigma (113964)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Bracon induratum (122408) Bracon praeteritus (121474 121476)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany Bracon diffusiventre (122407)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1France Aphidius oligocenus, Aphidius cenozoicum, Aphidius premedicaginis, Aphidius pseudogranarius, Aphidius nigrofacies, Aphidius lysiphleboides, Aphidius oligoarundinis, Aphidius saliniferus, Aphidius fosiliferus, Aphidius torneli, Aphidius quievreuxi, Holocnomus braconiformis, Oligoaphidius sannoniensis, Diaeretus fuscus, Diaeretus berdlandi, Protephedrus terciarius, Trioxys primigenius, Trioxys obscuriformis, Praon gausai (146907)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Bracon rottensis (138696)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France Braconidae indet. (160862)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Bouches-du-Rhone) Ephedrus mirabilis, Microplitis elegans (155869)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Bouches-Du-Rhone) Aphidius maximus, Rhysiopolis distinctus, Alysia meunieri (122508) Diospilus verus (122501)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Bassus filipalpis, Rhysiopolis distinctus (122488) Bracon vasseuri (122487)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia) Hecabolus gladiator, Spathius pedicularis, Cantharoctonus bruesii, Clinocentrus rottensis, Palaeoblacus aculeatus, Aspicolpus longicornis, Pentapleura longipennis, Alysia latifrons, Tanycarpa interstitialis, Blacus crassicapitatus, Meteorus longicornis, Apanteles macrophthalmus, Apanteles concinna, Spathius macroradialis, Spathius longicornis, Doryctes rotundatus, Doryctes longulus, Doryctes conjectus, Rhogas festivus, Pentapleura filicornis, Aspilota stigmalineata (122010)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Japan Braconidae indet. (114003)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Spain (Castellon) Braconidae indet. (122583 140796 225781) Helconinae indet. (140797)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Chiapas) Ecphylus oculatus (124623)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Shandong) Bracon laceolata, Doryctes huadongensis (128551)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Aivalykus dominicanus (122472) Anoblepsis konokeraia (124231) Masona pyriceps (122982) Palaeorionis longicaudis (122474)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Croatia Bracon pallidus (117250)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Germany (Niedersachsen) Braconidae indet. (109196)