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Foraminifera (foram)

Taxonomy
Foraminifera was named by d'Orbigny (1826) [See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion. See Lipps et al. (2011, PaleoDB ref 39164) for a discussion.]. It is extant.

It was reranked as the order Foraminiferida by Squires (1984); it was misspelled as Foraminiferida by Sepkoski (2002), Adl et al. (2005), Cervato (2005) and Moreira et al. (2007); it was reranked as the phylum Foraminifera by Ishitani et al. (2011).

It was assigned to Granuloreticulosia by Squires (1984); to Rhizopodea by Sepkoski (2002); to Granuloreticulosea by Cervato (2005); to Rhizaria by Adl et al. (2005) and Moreira et al. (2007); and to Retaria by Ishitani et al. (2011).

Subtaxa
Abathomphalus, Abdullaevia, Abrardia, Abyssamina, Acarinina, Acostina, Actinosiphon, Adercotryma, Adhaerentia, Adraheutina, Aeolostreptis, Afrobolivina, Agerina, Akiyoshiella, Aktinorbitoides, Alabaminoides, Aleomorphella, Alfredina, Alliatina, Alliatinella, Allogromiina, Allomorphina, Allomorphinella, Almaena, Alpillina, Altasterella, Altistoma, Alveocyclammina, Alveolophragmium, Alveovalvulina, Alzonella, Ambitropus, Amijiella, Ammobaculoides, Ammocycloculina, Ammoelphidiella, Ammoglobigerina, Ammosphaeroidina, Ammospirata, Ammotrochoides, Amphicoryna, Amphimorphina, Amphoratheca, Amplectoproductina, Anaticinella, Anchispirocyclina, Andamookia, Andersenia, Andersenolina, Andrejella, Angotia, Angulogavelinella, Angulogenerina, Annulina, Annulocibicides, Annulofrondicularia, Anomalinella, Anomalinidae, Antalyna, Antarcticella, Apertauroria, Aragonella, Aragonia, Arakaevella, Archaecyclus, Archaeglobigerina, Archaelagena, Archaeochintinia, Archaeosepta, Arenagula, Arenogaudryina, Arenonionella, Arenoparrella, Arnaudiella, Asanoina, Ascoliella, Asselodiscus, Asterigerinata, Asterigerinella, Asterigerinoides, Asterigina, Asteroammonia, Asterohedbergella, Asterolepidina, Asterophragmina, Asterorbis, Asterorotalia, Astrorhizidae, Astrorotalia, Asymmetrina, Ataxoorbignyna, Atwillina, Audienusina, Auroria, Austrocolomi, Avesnella, Babelispirillina, Baculogypsina, Baculogypsinoides, Baelenia, Baggatella, Bagginoides, Baituganella, Balkhania, Bandyella, Banffella, Bannerella, Barbourinella, Barkerina, Barnardina, Beella, Berggrenia, Bermudezella, Bermudezina, Bermudezinella, Berthelina, Berthelinella, Berthelinopsis, Biapertorbis, Biarritzina, Biasterigerina, Bibradya, Bifarilaminella, Bifarina, Bifarinella, Biglobigerinella, Bilingulogavelinella, Biloculina, Bimonilina, Biokovina, Biokovinacea, Biorbis, Biparietata, Biplanata, Biplanispira, Biseriammina, Bitaxia, Biticinella, Bituberitina, Bitubulogenerina, Blefuscuiana, Blowiella, Bogushella, Boldia, Bolivinella, Bolivinellina, Bolivinoides, Bolkarina, Bolliella, Boltovskoyella, Boreloides, Borodinia, Bosniella, Bozorginiella, Bramkampella, Brenckleina, Broeckinella, Bronnimannia, Brunsiella, Bucella, Bucherina, Budashevaella, Bueningia, Bulbobaculites, Bulbophragmium, Buliminellita, Buliminoides, Burseolina, Calveziconus, Camagueyia, Camerinidae, Campanellula, Cancrisiella, Candeina, Candorbulina, Carbonella, Caribeanella, Carinoconus, Carterina, Caspiella, Cassidelina, Cassidella, Cassidulinacea, Cassidulinella, Cassidulinita, Catapsydrax, Caudriella, Ceratobuliminacea, Ceratocancris, Ceratolamarckina, Cerobertina, Cerobertinella, Chablaisia, Chalilovella, Chapmanina, Charltonina, Chenella, Chenia, Chernobaculites, Chernyshinella, Chernyshinellina, Chiloguembelitria, Chilostomellidae, Chilostomelloides, Chilostomina, Chitralina, Chomatomediocris, Chrysalidina, Chrysalidinella, Chrysothurammina, Cibicidina, Cibicorbis, Cincoriola, Ciperozea, Citharinella, Civrieuxia, Claudostriatella, Clavatorella, Clavelloides, Clavigerinella, Clavihedbergella, Claviticinella, Clavulinoides, Clavulinopsis, Clinapertina, Clypeorbis, Cocoarota, Coleiconus, Coleites, Colomia, Colomita, Compressigerina, Concavatotruncana, Concavella, Condonofusiella, Condrustella, Conicorbitolina, Conilites, Conoglobigerina, Conolagena, Conorbina, Conorbinella, Conorbitoides, Conorboides, Conorotalites, Contusotruncana, Coprolithina, Cordatella, Corrigotubella, Corrosina, Corrugatella, Coskinolina, Coskinolinella, Coskinolinoides, Coskinon, Costayella, Costellagerina, Coxites, Crenaverneuilina, Crespinella, Crespinina, Cribellopsis, Cribranopsis, Cribroaperturata, Cribrogloborotalia, Cribrogoesella, Cribrohantkenina, Cribrohemisphaeroides, Cribrolenticulina, Cribroparrella, Cribropleurostomella, Cribropullenia, Cribrorobulina, Cribrorotalia, Cribrospira, Cribroturretoides, Cristellaria, Cristellariopsis, Ctenorbitoides, Cubanina, Cuburbita, Cuneolinella, Cuneus, Cursina, Cushmania, Cuvillierina, Cyclindroclavulina, Cyclogyra, Cyclolina, Cycloloculina, Cyclopsinella, Cyclorbitopsella, Cylindroclavulina, Cylindrocolaniella, Cylindrotrocholina, Cymbalopora, Cymbaloporella, Dagmarella, Dainella, Dainita, Dainitella, Dariellina, Dariopsidae, Darjella, Daucina, Daviesiconus, Deckerellina, Demirina, Dhrumella, Dictyoconella, Dictyokathina, Dictyopselloides, Dictyorbitolina, Dimorphina, Discanomalina, Discogypsina, Discoramulina, Discorbitina, Discorotalia, Dizerina, Dobrogelina, Dohaia, Drepaniota, Drevennia, Droogerinella, Dukhania, Duplella, Dutkevichella, Dyfrondicularia, Dymia, Earlandinella, Eblanaia, Echigoina, Echinoporina, Eclusia, Econgella, Edhemia, Edithaella, Eggerina, Ehrenbergina, Elenella, Elergella, Elhasaella, Ellipsobulimina, Ellipsocristellaria, Ellipsodimorphina, Ellipsoglandulina, Ellipsoidella, Ellipsoidina, Ellipsoidinidae, Ellipsolingulina, Ellipsopolymorphina, Elphidiella, Elphidioides, Enantiomorphina, Endochernella, Endospiroplectammina, Endotebanella, Endotriada, Endotriadella, Eoammosphaeroides, Eoannularia, Eoclavatorella, Eoconuloides, Eoendothyra, Eoeponidella, Eofabiania, Eoforschia, Eogloberina, Eoglobigerina, Eohastigerinella, Eolagena, Eolasiodiscus, Eomarssonella, Eonodosaria, Eopalorbitolina, Eoquasiendothyra, Eorupertia, Eosigmoilina, Eostaffeloides, Eotournayella, Eouvigerina, Eovolutina, Eowedekindellina, Epiannularia, Epistomaria, Epistominita, Epistominitella, Epistominoides, Epithemella, Eponidella, Escornebovina, Eubuliminella, Eulinderina, Eurycheilostoma, Euuvigerina, Euxinita, Evlania, Evolutononion, Evolvocassidulina, Exagonocyclina, Exsculptina, Eygalierina, Fabiania, Fallotella, Falsocibicides, Falsoguttulina, Falsoplanulina, Falsotruncana, Falsurgonina, Favocassidulina, Felsinella, Ferayina, Feurtillia, Fijnonion, Finlayina, Fissoelphidium, Flabellamminopsis, Flabellinella, Fleuryana, Florennella, Flourensina, Foliotortus, Fontbotia, Forschia, Forschiella, Francesita, Frondiculinata, Frondilina, Frondovaginulina, Fusilinida, Fusulinina, Gabonita, Galliherina, Gallitellia, Ganella, Gansserina, Garantella, Gaudryinella, Gaudryinoides, Gaudryinopsis, Gavellinella, Geinitzinoidea, Geintzina, Gemellides, Geminospira, Gigasbia, Glandulinoides, Glandulopleurostomella, Globanomalina, Globicuniculus, Globigerapsis, Globigerinaceae, Globigerinatheka, Globigerinina, Globigerinoidesella, Globigerinoita, Globigerinopsis, Globigerinopsoides, Globimorphina, Globispiroplectamminha, Globochernella, Globoconusa, Globocunusa, Globofissurella, Globorosalina, Globorotalites, Globospirillina, Globotetrataxis, Globotruncanita, Globtruncanella, Globuligerina, Globulospinella, Glomospiranella, Glomospiroides, Glomotrocholina, Glubokoevella, Glyphostomella, Goesella, Gorbachikella, Gorisella, Goupillaudina, Graecodiscus, Granuliferelloides, Gravellina, Grillita, Grimsdaleinella, Gubkinella, Gublerina, Guembelitriella, Guembelitrioides, Gunteria, Guppyella, Gutnicella, Gyroconulina, Gyrodina, Gyroidinella, Gyrovalvulina, Haerella, Hagenowella, Hagenowina, Haghimashella, Haimasiella, Halenia, Halkyardia, Hanostaffella, Hansenisca, Hantkenina, Haoella, Haplophragmella, Haplophragmiina, Haplophragmina, Haplostiche, Hastigerinella, Hastigerinoides, Hastigerinopsis, Haynesina, Helicolepidina, Helicorbitoides, Helicostegina, Helicosteginopsis, Hellenocyclina, Helvetoglobatruncana, Helvetoglobotruncana, Hemicyclammina, Hemifusulina, Hemifusulinella, Hemirobulina, Hemithurammina, Hemlebenia, Hensonia, Hensonina, Hergottella, Heronallenia, Heterantyx, Heterocoskinolina, Heterohelicid, Heteromorphina, Heterostomella, Hidaella, Hidina, Hiltermannella, Hirsutospirella, Histopomphus, Historbitoides, Hofkerina, Hofkeruva, Holkeria, Hollandina, Holmanella, Homalohedra, Hopkinsinella, Hospitella, Hottingerella, Hottingerita, Howchinella, Hyalinea, Hyderia, Igorina, Ilerdorbis, Illigata, Inflatobolivinella, Inordinatosphaera, Insolentitheca, Involutinina, Involvina, Iowanella, Iraqia, Irenita, Ismailia, Iuliusina, Ivanovella, Ivdelina, Jadammina, Janischewskina, Jarvisella, Jurella, Kangvarella, Kaptarenkoella, Karaisella, Karreria, Karrerotextularia, Kasachstanodiscus, Kassaabiana, Kassabiana, Kathina, Kettnerammina, Kilianina, Klubonibelia, Klubovella, Kolesnikovella, Kollmannita, Korobkovella, Koskinobigenerina, Koskinotextularia, Krikoumbilica, Kuglerina, Kunklerina, Kwantoella, Kyphopyxa, Labalina, Labiostoma, Labyrinthidoma, Lacosteina, Laculatina, Ladoronia, Laeterohelix, Laeviheterohelix, Laffitteina, Lagenina, Lagenodosaria, Lamarckella, Laminononion, Langenosolenia, Lankesterina, Lasiotrochus, Laterostomella, Latibolivina, Laticarinina, Latiendothyra, Latiendothyranopsis, Laxoendothyra, Laxoseptabrunsiina, Lenticulinella, Lepidosemicyclina, Lernella, Leupoldina, Liebusella, Lilliputianella, Linaresia, Linderina, Lingulinopsis, Lipinellina, Lippsina, Lituolipora, Lituonelloides, Lituotubella, Lobatula, Loftusiida, Loisthostomata, Louisettita, Loxostomina, Loxostomodes, Loxostomoides, Loxostomum, Lugtonia, Lunatriella, Lysella, Magnesoina, Maichelina, Makarskiana, Mandjina, Manorella, Marginara, Marieita, Martiguesia, Maslinella, Matanzia, Mccloudia, Mediopsis, Medipsia, Medocia, Megastomella, Meidamonella, Melathrokerion, Melatolla, Merlingina, Metapolymorphina, Migros, Mikhailovella, Miliammellus, Miliospirella, Miniuva, Minouxia, Minyaichme, Miogypsinita, Miogypsinoides, Miolepidocyclina, Mirifica, Mironovella, Monspeliensina, Montcharmontia, Montfortella, Montsechiana, Mooreinella, Moravammina, Morozovella, Mstinia, Mstiniella, Multifidella, Muricoglobigerina, Narayania, Naupliella, Navarella, Neoacarinina, Neoarchaesphaera, Neobrunsiina, Neobulimina, Neocarpenteria, Neoclavulina, Neocribrella, Neodiscocyclina, Neodiscus, Neoflabellina, Neofusulina, Neogyroidina, Neoiraqia, Neokilianina, Neolenticulina, Neomisellina, Neoparadainella, Neoplanorbulinella, Neorbitolinopsis, Neorotalia, Neoschubertella, Neouvigenna, Nevillella, Ninella, Nodellum, Nodobolivinella, Nodochernyshinella, Nodogenerina, Nodophtalmidium, Nodosarchaediscus, Nodosarella, Nonionelleta, Nonionellina, Norcottia, Notoconorbina, Notoplanulina, Nouria, Novalesia, Novella, Nudarchaediscus, Nummodiscorbis, Nuttallides, Nuttallinella, Nuttallus, Oberhauserella, Obliquina, Oketaella, Olssonina, Oolitella, Opertum, Ophtalmiidae, Orbiculina, Orbignyna, Orbitammina, Orbitoclypeus, Orbitocyclina, Orbitokathina, Orbitolinella, Orbulinoides, Orcadia, Orientina, Orietalia, Orithostella, Ornatanomalina, Orthokarstenia, Orthomorphina, Osangularia, Ozourina, Pachythurammina, Pacinonion, Palachemonella, Palaeobigenerina, Palaeodictyoconus, Palaeonubecularia, Palaeoreichelina, Palaeostaffella, Paleodictyoconus, Paleogaudryina, Paleolituonella, Paleomiogypsina, Paleopatellina, Paleopolymorphina, Pallaimorphina, Palmerinella, Palorbitolinoides, Pannellaina, Paracaligella, Paracassidulina, Paracoskinolina, Paracyclammina, Paradagmarita, Paradainella, Paradunbarula, Paraendothyra, Parafrondicularia, Parafusulinella, Paragaudryina, Paraglobivalvulinoides, Paragloborotalia, Paralabamina, Parananlingella, Paraplectogyra, Parastegnammina, Parasubbotina, Paratextularia, Parathuramminites, Paratriasina, Paravulvulina, Paromalina, Parphia, Parrelloides, Parurgonina, Parvularugogloberina, Parvularugoglobigerina, Patellina, Patellinella, Paulbronnimannella, Paulina, Pavonina, Pavonitina, Pavopsammia, Pealerina, Pegidia, Pellatispirella, Penoperculoides, Pentellina, Percultazonaria, Pernerina, Petchorina, Pfenderella, Pfendericonus, Piallina, Picounina, Pijpersia, Pinaria, Pityusina, Plagiostomella, Planisepta, Planispirillina, Planoglabratella, Planoglobulina, Planogypsina, Planolinderina, Planomalina, Planopulivinulina, Planorotalites, Planulinoides, Plecanium, Plectinella, Plectofrondicularia, Plectogyranopsis, Plectomillerella, Plectotrochammina, Pleuroskelidion, Pleurostomelloides, Plummerita, Pohlia, Polylepidina, Polymorphinella, Polyperibola, Polystomellina, Polytaxis, Popovia, Poroeponides, Porosorotalia, Porticulasphaera, Postrugoglobigerina, Praebulimina, Praechrysalidina, Praecystammina, Praedictyorbitolina, Praeglobobulimina, Praehedbergella, Praekaraisella, Praemurica, Praeparafusulina, Praepeneroplis, Praereticulinella, Praestorrsella, Pragsoconulus, Pravoslavlevia, Prismatomorpha, Pristinosceptrella, Proninella, Prosphaeroidinella, Protentella, Proteonina, Protoelphidium, Protoglobobulimina, Protopeneroplis, Proxifrons, Pseudobradyina, Pseudobulimina, Pseudobulminella, Pseudocassidulinoides, Pseudochernyshinella, Pseudochoffatella, Pseudochrysalidina, Pseudocibicides, Pseudoclavulina, Pseudocylammina, Pseudoepistominella, Pseudoeponides, Pseudogaudryina, Pseudogaudryinella, Pseudogavelinella, Pseudoglandulina, Pseudogloborotalia, Pseudohastigerina, Pseudohelenina, Pseudolamarckina, Pseudolepidina, Pseudolituonella, Pseudomphalocyclus, Pseudononion, Pseudonovella, Pseudonummoloculina, Pseudoolina, Pseudopalmula, Pseudoparrella, Pseudopatellinella, Pseudopatellinoides, Pseudopfenderina, Pseudoplanoendothyra, Pseudoplanoglobulina, Pseudoplanulinella, Pseudopolymorphinoides, Pseudorbitoides, Pseudorbitolina, Pseudoreophax, Pseudorotalia, Pseudoruttenia, Pseudosaracenaria, Pseudosiphonella, Pseudosolenina, Pseudospirocyclina, Pseudotaxis, Pseudotextularia, Pseudotribrachia, Pseudotriplasia, Pseudouvigerina, Pseudovidalina, Pseudowanganella, Pseudowedekindellina, Pseudowoodella, Psilocitharella, Ptychocladia, Pullenoides, Pulsiphonina, Punctobolivinella, Pygmaeoseistron, Pyramidina, Pyrenina, Pyrulinoides, Pytine, Qataria, Quadratobuliminella, Quadrimorphina, Quadrimorphinella, Quasibolivinella, Quasicyclammina, Quasiiregularina, Quasilituotuba, Quasirotalia, Quasispiroplectammina, Quasiverbeekina, Queraltina, Quydatella, Rabanitina, Racemiguembelina, Radiocyclopeus, Radotruncana, Ramulinella, Ranikothalia, Rauserina, Rectoavesmella, Rectobolivina, Rectobulimina, Rectochernyshinella, Rectocibicides, Rectocyclammia, Rectocyclammina, Rectodictyoconus, Rectoelphidiella, Rectoendothyra, Rectoepistominoides, Rectoeponides, Rectomillerella, Rectoseptaglomospirane, Rectoseptatournayella, Rectotournayellina, Rectuvigerina, Redmondina, Reedella, Reichelinella, Reissella, Remesella, Reophacella, Resigia, Reticulinella, Reticulopalmula, Reticulophragmium, Reusella, Reussoolina, Rhabdorbitoides, Rhapidionina, Rhenothyra, Rhodanopeza, Rhodesinella, Rhodonascia, Rhombobolivinella, Rimalina, Riveroinella, Robertinina, Robertinoides, Robustopachyphloia, Roglicia, Rosita, Rotaliatina, Rotaliatinopsis, Rotalidium, Rotaliida, Rotaliina, Rotalinoides, Rotalispora, Rotamorphina, Ruakituria, Ruatoria, Rugobolivinella, Rugososchwagerina, Rugotruncana, Rupertina, Rutherfordoides, Ryadhella, Sabellovoluta, Sabulina, Saccamminoides, Saccorhina, Sagoplecta, Saidovina, Sakesaria, Sakhiella, Salpingthurammina, Saltovskajina, Sanderella, Saracenella, Saraswati, Satorina, Saudia, Scarificatina, Schackoina, Schackoinella, Scheibnerova, Schlosserina, Schlumbergerella, Schmidita, Scyphocodon, Seabrookia, Semiendothyra, Semirosalina, Semitextularia, Semivalvulina, Septaforschia, Septatournayella, Septigerina, Serovaina, Sestronophora, Shastrina, Sherbornina, Shouguania, Sieberina, Sigalitruncana, Sigmoidella, Silicobathysiphon, Silvestriella, Simionescella, Simplorbites, Simplorbitolina, Siphogaudryina, Siphogenerinoides, Siphoglobulina, Sipholagena, Siphonides, Siphoninella, Siphonodosaria, Siphonoscutula, Siphovalvulina, Sitella, Sivasella, Smoutina, Sogdianina, Soriella, Sornayina, Spandelinoides, Spinobrunsiina, Spinochernella, Spinodiscorbis, Spinoendothyra, Spinolaxina, Spinothyra, Spinotournayella, Spiraloconulus, Spirillinina, Spirobolivina, Spirocyclina, Spirofrondicularia, Spirolingulina, Spiroplecta, Spiroplectamminidae, Spiroplectina, Spiroplectinata, Spiroplectinella, Spiropsammia, Spirotecta, Spirotrocholina, Sporadotrema, Sporobulimina, Sporobuliminella, Stainforthia, Stedumia, Steinetella, Stenocyclina, Stetsonia, Stichocassidulina, Stichocibicides, Stomatorbina, Stomoloculina, Storrsella, Streptochilus, Streptocyclammina, Striataella, Strictocostella, Strigialifusus, Subbdelloidina, Subbotina, Sublamarckella, Suggrunda, Sulcorbitoides, Syzranella, Taitzehoella, Takayanagia, Talimuella, Talpinella, Tappanella, Tappanina, Tayamaia, Tenisonina, Tentifrons, Tentilenticulina, Tergrigorjanzaella, Testacarinata, Tetragonulina, Tetraminouxia, Tewoella, Textulariida, Textulariina, Textulariopsidae, Textulariopsis, Textulina, Thalmannammina, Thalmannita, Ticinella, Timanella, Timidonella, Tinophodella, Tiphotrocha, Tobolia, Tollmannia, Topalodiscorbis, Torinosuella, Torreina, Torremiroella, Torresina, Tortaguttus, Torulumbonina, Tosaia, Tournarchaediscus, Tournayella, Tournayellina, Trachelinella, Transversigerina, Tremachora, Triadodiscus, Tribrachia, Tricarinella, Trichohylas, Trinitella, Trispirina, Tritaxilina, Tritubulogenerina, Trochamminula, Trochospira, Trochospirillina, Trochulina, Trochylina, Truncorotalia, Tubeporella, Tubeporina, Tuberendothyra, Tubispirodiscus, Tubulogenerina, Turborotalita, Turcmeniella, Turkmenella, Turrilina, Turrispiroides, Unicosiphonia, Uralinella, Uralofusulinella, Urbanella, Urgonina, Uslonia, Uviella, Uvigerinella, Vacuovalvulina, Vaginulinopsis, Valdanchella, Valserina, Valvalabamina, Valvoreussella, Valvulammina, Valvuliana, Valvulinoides, Vanderbeekia, Vania, Vasicekia, Vasiglobulina, Vaughanina, Velapertina, Vellaena, Ventilabrella, Ventrostoma, Verneuilinella, Vernonina, Verseyella, Vervilleina, Vialovella, Vialovia, Victoriella, Virguloides, Virgulopsis, Viseidiscus, Viseina, Vissariotaxis, Vitriwebbina, Voloshinoides, Voloshinovella, Wadella, Waeringella, Warnantella, Washitella, Webbinella, Wheelerella, Whiteinella, Wiesnerina, Wilfordia, Woodella, Woodringina, Xenostaffella, Yaucorotalia, Yneziella, Zarodella, Zeaflorilus, Zeauvigerina, Zelamarckina, Ziguiella, Zotheculifida

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1826Foraminifera d'Orbigny
1984Foraminiferida Squires p. 13
2002Foraminiferida Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Foraminifera Adl et al. p. 401 figs. Table 1
2005Foraminiferida Cervato
2007Foraminifera Moreira et al. p. 258 figs. Fig. 1
2011Foraminifera Ishitani et al. p. 38

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RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
Rhizaria
RankNameAuthor
phylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
phylumForaminifera(d'Orbigny 1826)
phylumForaminifera(d'Orbigny 1826)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryuc
Life habit: semi-infaunaluc
Diet: omnivoreuc
Created: 2007-11-28 00:47:02
Modified: 2009-05-20 05:31:44
Source: uc = unranked clade
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Ediacaran to the top of the Holocene or 635.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 541.0 Ma

Collections (8014 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0China (Shaanxi) Chenella laevis (86622)
Manykaian541.0 - 530.0Norway Platysolenites sp., Platysolenites antiquissimus (51873)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Tomsk) Spirosolenites sp., Platysolenites sp. (99183 99184)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Poland Platysolenites antiquissimus (72260)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Senegal Ammodiscus sp., Glomospira sp. (97595)
Tommotian530.0 - 520.0Norway Platysolenites sp., Platysolenites antiquissimus (51874)
Tommotian530.0 - 520.0Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Platysolenites antiquissimus (87110) Platysolenites antiqussimus (87322)
Tommotian - Atdabanian530.0 - 516.0Senegal Glomospira sp., Hemisphaerammina sp., Sorosphaera sp., Tolypammina sp., Turritellella sp. (7790)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Estonia Platysolenites indet. (10015)
Branchian520.0 - 513.0United Kingdom (England) Platysolenites antiquissimus (79928)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Foraminifera indet. (9894)
Lenian - Solvan516.0 - 501.0USA (Virginia) Foraminifera indet. (24039)
Ibexian488.3 - 471.8Norway (Spitsbergen) Pytine graia (106475)
Hunneberg484.5 - 471.8Russian Federation (St. Petersburg) Loeblichia heterorhabda (191302 191303 191309 191310 191311 191312 191314 191315 191316)
Billingen478.6 - 471.8Norway (Spitsbergen) Pytine graia (106473)
Kunda468.1 - 463.5Estonia Ordovicina oligostoma (56202)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Norway (Spitsbergen) Pytine graia (190973)
Lasnamagi463.5 - 460.9Estonia Archaeochitosa clausa, Archaeochitosa lobosa, Ordovicina oligostoma (56210) Ordovicina oligostoma (56203)
Zahorany - Late/Upper Ordovician457.5 - 443.4Czech Republic Carterina sp. (3865)
Cheneyan455.8 - 452.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Miscellanea indet. (77105)