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Hyolitha

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1963Hyolitha Marek
1990Hyolitha Malinky p. 229
2002Hyolitha Sepkoski
2006Hyolitha Wotte p. 153
2007Hyolitha Malinky and Yochelson p. 521
2017Hyolitha Moysiuk et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumHyolitha
phylumHyolitha

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Ph. †Hyolitha Marek 1963
show all | hide all
G. †Attenuella Malinky 2014
+
Attenuella attenuata Walcott 1890
Or. †Hyolithida Mathew 1962
+
G. †Aimitus
Subor. †Aladracina Geyer 2018
+
Fm. †Aladracidae Geyer 2018
+
G. †Aladraco Geyer 2018
+
Aladraco kirchhainensis Geyer and Malinky 2020
Aladraco schloppensis Wurm 1925
G. †Cambrachelous Geyer et al. 2018
+
Cambrachelous diploprosopus Geyer et al. 2018
G. †Oxyprymna Kiderlen 1933
+
G. †Gaka Kruse 1990
G. †Nganki Kruse 1990
G. †Yuku Kruse 2002
Fm. †Australothecidae Malinky 2009
+
G. †Australotheca Malinky 2009
+
Australotheca kirkbyi Howse 1857
Australotheca lanceolata Morris 1845
G. †Illawarrotheca Malinky 2009
+
Illawarrotheca wilkesi Malinky 2009
G. †Bolithes Malinky and Racheboeuf 2011
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Bolithes crasquinae Malinky and Racheboeuf 2011
Fm. †Carinolithidae Valent et al. 2011
+
G. †Carinolithes Sysoev 1958
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Carinolithes bohemicus Valent et al. 2011
G. †Slehoferites Valent et al. 2011
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Slehoferites slehoferi Valent et al. 2011
Fm. †Crestjahitidae Syssoiev 1968
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G. †Crestjahitus Syssoiev 1968
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Crestjahitus compressus Syssoiev 1968
Crestjahitus delphus Resser and Endo 1937
Crestjahitus distortus Syssoiev 1962
Crestjahitus figuratus Rozanov et al. 1969
Crestjahitus ornatus Syssoiev 1968
G. †Emarites
G. †Glossolites Luo and Hu 1999
Fm. †Hyolithidae Nicholson 1889
+
G. †Elegantilites Marek 1966
G. †Hallotheca Malinky et al. 1987
G. †Haplophrentis Babcock and Robison 1988
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Haplophrentis carinatus Matthew 1899
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Invalid names: Haplophrentis cecrops Walcott 1917 [synonym], Haplophrentis costatus Matthew 1901 [synonym]
Haplophrentis reesei Babcock and Robison 1988
G. †Helenia Walcott 1890
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Helenia bella Walcott 1890
G. †Hyolithes d'Eichwald 1840
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Subg. †Hyolithes (Pharetrella) Hall 1888
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Hyolithes aclis Hall 1879
Hyolithes acutus d'Eichwald 1840
Hyolithes aliger Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes americanus Hall 1847
Hyolithes amosi Gonzalez and Sabattini 1972
Hyolithes aplatus Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes asteroideus Reed 1909
Hyolithes cariniferus Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes columbanus Reed 1909
Hyolithes daphnis Walcott 1905
Hyolithes delia Walcott 1905
Hyolithes dorbignyi Kozlowski 1923
Hyolithes endoi Howell 1946
Hyolithes exilis Resser and Howell 1938
Hyolithes fuchouensis Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes gibbosus Hall and Whitfield 1872
Hyolithes girvanensis Reed 1909
Hyolithes hathewayi Mathew 1899
Hyolithes immemor Reed 1909
Hyolithes kuantungensis Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes mantouensis Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes multicinctus Bradley 1930
Hyolithes obesus Holm 1893
Hyolithes ornatellus Resser 1939
Hyolithes sondai Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes sonora Lochman 1952
Hyolithes tenuis Resser and Endo 1937
Hyolithes terranovicus Walcott 1890
Hyolithes vanuxemi Walcott 1884
Hyolithes wanneri Resser and Howell 1938
Subg. †Hyolithus (Hyolithus) d'Eichwald 1840
+
Hyolithus mimicus Cobbold 1931
Hyolithus pallidus Cobbold 1931
Invalid names: Theca Morris 1845 [synonym]
G. †Korilithes Rozanov et al. 1969
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Korilithes bilabiatus Rozanov et al. 1969
G. †Nevadotheca Malinky 1988
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Nevadotheca cybele Walcott 1905
Nevadotheca excellens Billings 1872
Nevadotheca heckeli Malinky 1988
Nevadotheca princeps Billings 1872
Nevadotheca whitei Resser 1938
G. †Novakotheca Malinky 1990
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Novakotheca crebescens Resser and Endo 1937
G. †Sololites Marek 1967
G. †Yalarrnga Kruse 2002
Subor. †Hyolithina Mathew 1899
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Fm. †Ceratothecidae Fisher 1962
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G. †Ceratotheca Novak 1886
Fm. †Pterygothecidae Novak 1891
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G. †Pterygotheca Novak 1891
Fm. †Sulcavitidae Syssoiev 1958
+
G. †Ambrolinevitus Syssoiev 1958
+
G. †Burithes Rozanov et al. 1969
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Burithes cuneatus Rozanov et al. 1969
Burithes distortus Syssoiev 1962
Burithes elongatus Missarzhevskiy 1969
Burithes erum Rozanov et al. 1969
Burithes yunnanensis Hou et al. 1999
G. †Dorsolinevitus Syssoiev 1958
G. †Kulangarra Kruse 2002
G. †Lenalituus Missarzhevsky 1980
+
Lenalituus pusillus Missarzhevsky 1980
G. †Linevitus Syssoiev 1958
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Linevitus billingsi Walcott 1886
Linevitus lentiformis Qian 1978
G. †Ningqiangethus Qian et al. 2001
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Ningqiangethus planus Qian et al. 2001
G. †Trapezovitus Syssoiev 1958
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Trapezovitus sinscus Syssoiev 1958
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Invalid names: Trapezovitus minutus Syssoiev 1962 [synonym], Trapezovitus semicirculatum Syssoiev 1962 [synonym]
G. †Tuojdachithes Rozanov et al. 1969
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Tuojdachithes costulatus Rozanov et al. 1969
G. †Hyptiotheca Bengtson et al. 1990
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Hyptiotheca karraculum Bengtson et al. 1990
G. †Insolitotheca Landing and Bartowski 1996
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Insolitotheca communis Billings 1872
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Invalid names: Insolitotheca impar Ford 1872 [synonym]
G. †Jincelites Valent et al. 2009
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Jincelites vogeli Valent et al. 2009
G. †Lathamoserpens Waggoner and Hagadorn 2005
+
Lathamoserpens sigel Waggoner and Hagadorn 2005
G. †Laticornus Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
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Laticornus curtus Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
G. †Lenalitus
G. †Lirotheca
G. †Maxilites Marek 1972
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Maxilites snajdri Marek 1972
G. †Meitanovitus Qian 1978
Fm. †Nelegerocornidae Meshkova 1974
+
G. †Microcornus Mambetov 1972
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Microcornus egregius Demidenko 2001
Microcornus elongatus Missarzhevsky 1980
Microcornus eximius Duan 1984
Microcornus parvulus Mambetov 1972
Microcornus petilus Bengtson et al. 1990
Microcornus pinyuis Duan 1984
Microcornus simus Missarzhevsky 1974
G. †Oxytus
G. †Paracornus Malinky and Skovsted 2004
+
Paracornus poulseni Malinky and Skovsted 2004
G. †Parakolithes He et al. 1984
+
Parakolithes delicatus He et al. 1984
Parakolithes mammillatus He et al. 1984
Fm. †Parentilitidae Marek 1981
+
+
Oboedalites oboediens Marek 1981
G. †Parentilites Marek 1981
G. †Parkula Bengtson et al. 1990
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Parkula bounites Bengtson et al. 1990
Parkula esmeraldina Skovsted 2006
Fm. †Pauxillitidae Marek 1967
+
G. †Leolites Marek 1967
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Leolites candidus Reed 1909
Leolites cognatus Marek 1967
G. †Recilites Marek 1967
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Recilites sylvestris Reed 1909
Fm. †Similothecidae Malinky 1988
+
G. †Similotheca Malinky 1988
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Similotheca bastionense Malinky and Skovsted 2004
Similotheca groenlandica Malinky and Skovsted 2004
Similotheca similis Walcott 1890
Fm. †Slapylitidae Valent et al. 2017
+
G. †Nevadalites Marek 1976
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Nevadalites palmeri Marek 1976
G. †Slapylites Marek 1980
+
Slapylites signatulus Novák 1891
G. †Tajinella
G. †Tizilites
G. †Yankongovitus Qian 1978
Invalid names: Matthevina Fisher 1962 [empty]
+
G. †Dilites
Or. †Sulcavitida Qian 1989
+
Fm. †Cardiolithidae Q 1995
+
G. †Shandongolithes Qian 1995
Fm. †Dorsojugatidae Sysoyev 1968
+
G. †Dorsojugatus Sysoyev 1968
Fm. †Gakidae Kruse 2002
+
G. †Kalkatungu Kruse 2002
G. †Inflatatheca Qian et al. 2001
+
Inflatatheca campulla Qian et al. 2001
Fm. †Inflaticornidae Sysoyev 1968
+
G. †Gerkella Malinky and Sixt 1990
G. †Yacutolituus Missarzhevsky 1974
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Yacutolituus fusiformis Missarzhevsky 1974
Fm. †Linevitidae Qian 1989
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G. †Paramicrocornus Qian et al. 2001
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Paramicrocornus zhenbaensis Qian et al. 2001
Fm. †Parakorilithidae Qian 1989
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G. †Biligulitheca Qian et al. 2001
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Biligulitheca bullata Qian et al. 2001
Fm. †Trapezovitidae Volkov 1975
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G. †Xixiangethes Qian et al. 2001
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Xixiangethes trapezius Qian et al. 2001
+
G. †Macrotheca Waagen 1880
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Macrotheca almgreeni Peel and Yochelson 1984
Macrotheca wynnei Waagen 1880
Fm. †Toxeumorphoridae Shimansky 1962
+
G. †Pseudotoxeuma Shimanskiy 1963
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Pseudotoxeuma digitulus Shimanskiy 1963
Pseudotoxeuma magnificum Shimanskiy 1963
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Toxeumorphora dombarense Shimanskiy 1963
Toxeumorphora langi Shimansky 1962
Or. †Orthothecida Marek 1966
+
Fm. †Allathecidae Rozanov et al. 1969
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G. †Allatheca Rozanov et al. 1969
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Allatheca concinna Rozanov et al. 1969
Allatheca corrugata Rozanov et al. 1969
Allatheca degeeri Holm 1893
Allatheca minor Qian et al. 1979
Allatheca nanjiangensis Yang and He 1984
G. †Antiquatheca Missarzhevsky 1974
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Antiquatheca pauca Missarzhevsky 1974
G. †Doliutus Rozanov et al. 1969
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Doliutus inflatus Syssoiev 1962
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Invalid names: Egdetheca [synonym]
G. †Majatheca Rozanov et al. 1969
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Majatheca tumefacta Rozanov et al. 1969
G. †Ancheilotheca Qian 1978
G. †Bolitheca Marek and Isaacson 1992
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Bolitheca steinmanni Knod 1908
G. †Bucanotheca Qian and Jiang 1980
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Bucanotheca distensus Qian and Yin 1984
Fm. †Circothecidae Rozanov et al. 1969
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G. †Circotheca Syssoiev 1958
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Circotheca hamata Qian 1978
Circotheca kuteinikovi Rozanov et al. 1969
Circotheca longa Chen et al. 1981
Circotheca punctata Qian 1978
Circotheca smetanai Valent et al. 2012
Circotheca stylus Holm 1893
G. †Conotheca Rozanov et al. 1969
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Conotheca australiensis Bengtson et al. 1990
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Invalid names: Conotheca laurentiensis Landing and Bartowski 1996 [synonym]
Conotheca brevica Qian et al. 2001
Conotheca circumflexa Rozanov et al. 1969
Conotheca corniformis Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
Conotheca curta Missarzhevsky 1980
Conotheca dahaiensis Jiang, in Luo et al. 1982
Conotheca ningqiangensis Qian et al. 2001
Conotheca rotunda Qian et al. 2000
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Invalid names: Circotheca longiconica Qian 1978 [synonym], Circotheca maidipingensis Yu 1974 [synonym], Circotheca multisulcata Qian 1978 [synonym], Circotheca nana Qian 1978 [synonym], Circotheca obesa Qian 1978 [synonym], Conotheca mammilata Rozanov et al. 1969 [synonym], Ovalitheca acuticostata Xing and Yue 1984 [synonym], Paracircotheca zhaojiabaensis Qian 1989 [synonym]
Invalid names: Edgetheca Rozanov et al. 1969 [synonym]
G. †Kotuyitheca Missarzhevsky 1974
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Kotuyitheca curta Missarzhevsky 1974
G. †Laratheca Rozanov et al. 1969
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Laratheca nana Rozanov et al. 1969
G. †Paragloborilus Qian 1977
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Paragloborilus circulatus Qian and Zhang 1983
Paragloborilus sichuanensis Yue and He 1989
Paragloborilus spinatus Qian and Xiao 1984
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Invalid names: Globoritubulus monocurvatus Qian and Zhang 1985 [synonym]
Paragloborilus tenuis Duan 1984
Invalid names: Salanytheca Missarzhevsky 1980 [synonym]
G. †Turcutheca Rozanov et al. 1969
+
Turcutheca annae Syssoiev 1959
Turcutheca cotuiensis Syssoiev 1959
Turcutheca crasseocochlia Syssoiev 1962
Turcutheca lubrica Qian 1978
Turcutheca maxima Chen et al. 1981
Turcutheca praelinguis Jiang 1980
Turcutheca rugata Syssoiev 1959
+
Invalid names: Circotheca anulata Syssoiev 1959 [synonym]
Invalid names: Larawidae Kruse 1990 [replaced]
G. †Eogloborilus Qian 1977
+
G. †Girvanolithes Malinky 2003
+
+
Invalid names: Hyolithus (Orthotheca) granuliferus Reed 1909 [synonym]
Fm. †Gracilithecidae Syssoiev 1972
+
G. †Gracilitheca Syssoiev 1968
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Gracilitheca mirabilis Valent et al. 2012
Gracilitheca triangularis Valent et al. 2012
G. †Hexitheca
G. †Lophotheca Qian 1978
+
Lophotheca costellata Qian 1978
G. †Minitheca
+
Neobactrotheca pharetra Marek and Isaacson 1992
G. †Nephrotheca Marek 1966
+
Nephrotheca betula Valent et al. 2012
G. †Nikatheca
Fm. †Novitatidae Sysoyev 1968
+
G. †Contitheca Syssoiev 1972
G. †Decoritheca Syssoiev 1968
+
Decoritheca canalis Resser and Endo 1937
Decoritheca cyrene Walcott 1905
Decoritheca glabrus Walcott 1911
G. †Novitatus
Fm. †Orthothecidae Syssoiev 1957
+
G. †Bactrotheca Novak 1891
+
Bactrotheca emmonsi Ford 1873
Bactrotheca teres Barrande 1867
G. †Lenatheca Rozanov et al. 1969
+
Lenatheca groenlandica Poulsen 1932
G. †Lentitheca Sysoyev 1958
G. †Orthotheca Novak 1886
+
Orthotheca buelna Lochman 1952
Orthotheca corrugata Matthew 1899
Orthotheca daulis Walcott 1905
Orthotheca doris Walcott 1905
Orthotheca shriveri Malinky 2009
Orthotheca suavis Barrande 1872
+
Invalid names: Orthotheca intermedia Novak 1886 [objective synonym]
Orthotheca subornatus Reed 1909
Orthotheca teretiuscula Linnarsson 1877
G. †Quadrotheca Sysoyev 1958
+
Quadrotheca shipaiensis Qian et al. 1979
G. †Semielliptotheca Syssoiev 1958
G. †Trapezotheca Syssoiev 1958
+
Trapezotheca aemulus Holm 1893
Trapezotheca bicostata Rozanov et al. 1969
G. †Panitheca
G. †Petasotheca Landing and Bartowski 1996
+
Petasotheca minuta Landing and Bartowski 1996
G. †Probactrotheca Valent et al. 2012
+
Probactrotheca briketa Valent et al. 2012
G. †Renitheca
Fm. †Tetrathecidae Sysoyev 1968
+
Fm. †Triplicatellidae Liu et al. 2020
+
G. †Holoplicatella Clausen and Alvaro 2006
G. †Paratriplicatella Pan et al. 2019
G. †Triplicatella Conway Morris 1990
+
Triplicatella disdoma Conway Morris 1990
Triplicatella peltata Skovsted et al. 2004
Triplicatella sinuosa Skovsted et al. 2004
+
Or. †Circothecida Sysoev 1968
+
G. †Arathecus
G. †Asijatheca Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
+
Asijatheca probata Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
G. †Costatheca Rozanov et al. 1969
+
Costatheca clinisepta Syssoiev 1960
G. †Kunyangotheca Qian 1978
G. †Ladatheca
+
Ladatheca cylindrica Grabau 1900
G. †Leibotheca Qian 1978
Fm. †Turcuthecidae Missarzhevskiy 1989
+
G. †Loculitheca Sysoyev 1968
+
Loculitheca zhijinensis Qian and Yin 1984
G. †Xystritheca Qian et al. 2000
+
Xystritheca crenulata Qian et al. 2000
+
Uniformitheca aladzharica Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
Uniformitheca ovaliformis Missarzhevsky and Mambetov 1981
Or. †Exilithecida Sysoyev 1968
+
G. †Micatheca
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitep
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryp
Life habit: epifaunalp
Diet: suspension feederp
Vision: blindp
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: LIFE HISTORY: Surficial, non-motile unattached/fac. motile unattached, suspension feeding/detritivore according to Bambach et al (2007). p
Created: 2009-04-21 11:54:00
Modified: 2011-03-22 11:35:54
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Ediacaran to the top of the Early/Lower Maastrichtian or 635.00000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (1092 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ediacaran635.0 - 541.0USA (Nevada) Ladatheca sp. (7180)
Manykaian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Siberia) Lophotheca socialis (50316)
Manykaian541.0 - 530.0Norway Ladatheca cylindrica (51873)
Meishucunian - Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Yunnan) Circothecidae gen. et sp. indet (96431) Conotheca sp. (96317) Conotheca sp., Turcutheca ensiformis (96319) Conotheca subcurvata (96433 96451)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Shaanxi) Conotheca sp. (51734 86549 86550 86551 86563) Conotheca subcurvata (86553 86554 86555 86556 86558 86560 86561 86564 86566 86570 86571 86620)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Sakha) Ladatheca dorsocava (99461)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Sichuan) Paragloborilus subglobosus (86618)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Poland Linevitus sp., Trapezovitus sp. (72260)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0India (Uttarakhand) Circotheca sp., Turcutheca sp. (97716)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Iran Circotheca sp., Ladatheca sp. (10527 10528) Circotheca sp., Ladatheca sp., Allathecidae indet. (10529)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation Pseudotoxeuma magnificum (82081 117825)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Pseudotoxeuma magnificum (117823)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Australia (New South Wales) Theca lanceolata (133344 134048) Theca lanceolata, Illawarrotheca wilkesi (83172)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Madagascar (Diana) Hyolithes sp. (119511)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Greenland Macrotheca almgreeni (116373 116374 116375 116376 116377 116378 116379) Toxeumorphora langi, Macrotheca almgreeni (116372)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (England) Theca kirkbyi (110500)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Australia (Queensland) Hyolithes lanceolatus (97269)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Pakistan Macrotheca wynnei (119659)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Germany (Sauerland) Costatheca lata (22727)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Argentina (Santa Cruz) Costatheca striata (231725)