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Xenacanthiformes

Chondrichthyes - Xenacanthiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1955Xenacanthiformes Berg
1987Xenacanthiformes Cappetta p. 27
1989Xenacanthiformes Murry p. 250
2004Xenacanthiformes Heckert p. 72
2010Xenacanthiformes Ginter et al. p. 43
2011Xenacanthiformes Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassXenacanthimorpha
orderXenacanthiformesBerg 1955
orderXenacanthiformesBerg 1955

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:25:48
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:25:48
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Emsian to the top of the Late/Upper Cretaceous or 407.60000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (96 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Canada (New Brunswick) Diplodus problematicus (197260)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2USA (Arizona) Orthacanthus sp., Orthacanthus donnelljohnsi, Triodus elpia (131603)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Orthacanthus cylindricus (132670)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Pleuracanthus robustus, Diplodus tenuis (137307)
Westphalian A - Westphalian B318.1 - 314.6USA (Arizona) Xenacanthidae indet. (92271)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0United Kingdom Diplodus gibbosus (137313 137314) Pleuracanthus cylindricus (137311 137312) Pleuracanthus laevissimus (137305 137306) Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Diplodus gibbosus (137309) Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Diplodus gibbosus, Pleuracanthus cylindricus, Diplodus tenuis (137310) Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Pleuracanthus cylindricus, Diplodus tenuis (137304) Pleuracanthus laevissimus, Pleuracanthus robustus, Diplodus tenuis (137308)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6France Fayolia sterzeli (155645)
Middle Pennsylvanian314.6 - 306.95USA (West Virginia) Orthacanthus sp. (125143)
Kasimovian - Moscovian307.0 - 307.0United Kingdom Diplodus gibbosus, Diplodus tenuis (137315)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Nebraska) Diplodus compressus (132676)
Gzhelian - Sakmarian303.7 - 290.1USA (New Mexico) Xenacanthus sp. (180989)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1Czech Republic Xenacanthus sp. (51265)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1USA (Texas) Orthacanthus texensis (11165)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1France Orthacanthus buxieri (34797)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3Germany Pleuracanthus decheni (137252)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3Norway (Akhershus) Pleuracanthus sp. (125173)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3USA (Texas) Didymodus platypternus, Didymodus compressus (132969)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3Czech Republic (Hradec Králové) Xenacanthus decheni (123380)
Permian298.9 - 252.17USA (Pennsylvania) Orthacanthus texensis, Orthacanthus platypternus, Orthacanthus compressus (125957)
Wolfcamp - Sakmarian296.4 - 290.1USA (Utah) Xenacanthus texensis (13256)
Wolfcamp296.4 - 268.0USA (Texas) Orthacanthus texensis (22635)
Wolfcamp296.4 - 268.0USA (New Mexico) Xenacanthus sp. (180106 180383 180384 180940 180974)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1USA (Kansas) Orthacanthus sp. (130810 130811 130823 130827)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Texas) Xenacanthus sp. (22714)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Xenacanthus sp. (79402)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Xenacanthus platypternus (85301) Xenacanthus texensis, Xenacanthus platypternus (85299 85300)
Artinskian - Roadian290.1 - 268.8USA (Texas) Xenacanthus sp. (180992)
Leonard290.1 - 268.0USA (Texas) Xenacanthus platypternus (177018)
Leonard290.1 - 268.0USA (Oklahoma) Orthacanthus sp. (67862) Pleuracanthus gracilis, Pleuracanthus compressus (87054) Xenacanthus sp. (79815 84941 85567 180990 180991)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Xenacanthus platypternus (85556) Xenacanthus sp. (12976 27704 85551 85552 85553 85554 85555 177000 177003 177015)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Oklahoma) Xenacanthus sp. (67945)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Brazil (Maranhao) Xenacanthidae indet. (192146)
Kungurian - Roadian279.3 - 268.8USA (Texas) Xenacanthus sp. (79694)
Roadian - Wordian272.3 - 265.1USA (Oklahoma) Xenacanthus sp. (27480 27573)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Russian Federation Xenosynechodus sp. (197593 197594 197595)
Tatarian268.0 - 252.3Russian Federation (Orenburg) Xenosynechodus egloni (196109 196110) Xenosynechodus sp. (196160 196164) Xenosynechodus sp., Xenosynechodus egloni (196107)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Australia (New South Wales) Xenacanthidae indet. (136481)
Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Poland Orthacanthus sp. (149688)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Australia (New South Wales) Pleuracanthus sp. (111729)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Austria Lepacanthus gracilis (186975)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Poland Pleuracanthus sp. (149685)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Texas) Xenacanthus moorei (84271)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Andhra Pradesh) Xenacanthus indicus (101863)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Xenacanthus moorei (39160 39219 84264 92850) Xenacanthus moorei, Xenacanthus moorei (48547)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Xenacanthus sp. (55248)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Xenacanthus moorei (48424 84269) Xenacanthus sp., Xenacanthus moorei (13266)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (New Mexico) Xenacanthus moorei (62311)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8France (Aquitaine) Orthacanthus macer (94532)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Fukushima) Orthacanthus sp. (72267)