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Coelacanthiformes (coelacanth)

Coelacanthimorpha - Coelacanthiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1937Coelacanthiformes Berg
1998Coelacanthiformes Forey p. 299
2002Coelocanthiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Coelacanthiformes Heckert p. 42
2004Coelacanthiformes Schultze p. 466
2011Coelacanthiformes Long p. 244
2013Coelacanthiformes Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
classCoelacanthimorpha
orderCoelacanthiformesBerg 1937
orderCoelacanthiformesBerg 1937

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2009-07-20 21:50:54
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:54
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Emsian to the top of the Late/Upper Campanian or 409.10000 to 70.60000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 402.5 Ma

Collections (158 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Alken) Porolepis sp. (27049)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Panderichthys sp. (90343)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Allenypterus montanus (116660) Caridosuctor populosum, Hadronector donbairdi, Polyosteorhynchus simplex, Lochmocercus aciculiodontus (90681)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Coelacanthus lepturus (132670)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (Pennsylvania) Coelacanthus sp. (165526)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0United Kingdom Coelacanthus tingleyensis (137308)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Coelacanthus exiguus (112630)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Spermatodus pustulosus (85299 85300)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Germany Coelacanthus granulatus (130039 130275 130277 130278 130279 130280 137316 139366) Coelacanthus hassiae (149471)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (Durham) Coelacanthus granulatus (90264 131707) Coelacanthus granulatus, Coelacanthus caudalis (90266)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Coelacanthus granulatus (131700)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) Changxingia aspratilis (123522)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Madagascar Coelacanthidae indet., Whiteia woodwardi (153683) Coelacanthus evolutus (153772) Coelacanthus madagascariensis (154039) Whiteia tuberculata (149550) Whiteia woodwardi (153374) Whiteia woodwardi, Coelacanthus madagascariensis (149171) Whiteia woodwardi, Whiteia tuberculata (153373 153378)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Madagascar (Diana) Piveteauia madagascariensis (117215)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2China (Anhui) Coelacanthidae indet., Chaohuichthys majiashanensis (114000)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Svalbard and Jan Mayen Axelia robusta (120296 120297) Coelacanthus guttatus, Axelia robusta (120367) Mylacanthus lobatus (120298) Mylacanthus sp., Wimania sp., Wimania multistriata, Sassenia tuberculata, Axelia robusta (120231) Sassenia sp. (149367) Wimania multistriata (120229) Wimania multistriata, Sassenia tuberculata (120230) Wimania sinuosa, Sassenia tuberculata, Axelia robusta, Mylacanthus lobatus, Mylacanthus spinosus (120228) Wimania sinuosa, Wimania multistriata, Axelia robusta, Axelia elegans, Mylacanthus spinosus (120366) Wimania sp., Wimania multistriata, Axelia robusta (120232)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Canada (British Columbia) Whiteia sp. (90301 153369)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Canada (Alberta) Coelacanthus banffensis (122018)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Romania Dobrogeria aegyssensis (161080)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Volgograd) Holophagus sp. (27343)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2China (Guangxi) Sinocoelacanthus fengshanensis (140081)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0USA (Arizona) Moenkopia wellesi (34888 95112)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Switzerland Holophagus picenus (141613) Ticinepomis peyeri (122057) Undina sp. (117994)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Coelacanthidae indet., Garnbergia ommata (139836)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Switzerland (Ticino) Holophagus picenus (44703)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Luopingcoelacanthus eurylacrimalis, Yunnancoelacanthus acrotuberculatus (169408)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Switzerland Ticinepomis peyeri (153770)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0China (Yunnan) Guizhoucoelacanthus guanlingensis (119443)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Tarragona) Alcoveria sp. (109710)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain Alcoveria brevis (149852 149853)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Switzerland Foreyia maxkuhni (189575 189576) Ticinepomis peyeri (153771)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Marrakech) Coelacanthidae indet. (113891)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Coelacanthidae indet. (84270)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Texas) Coelacanthidae indet. (39671)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Graphiurus callopterus (122361)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Thailand (Chaiyaphum) Coelacanthidae indet. (89992)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Diplurus newarki (55493)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Indonesia Whiteia oishii (180456)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Virginia) Diplurus sp. (154231)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Chinlea sp. (92850) Coelacanthidae indet. (39219 93444) Coelacanthidae indet., Chinlea sp. (39160)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Coelacanthidae indet. (55248 83738 93682) Coelacanthidae indet., Quayia zideki (48516)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Pennsylvania) Diplurus longicaudatus (99375)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Jersey) Diplurus sp. (12856 91743 187290 187317 187318 187319)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Chinlea sorenseni (94493) Coelacanthidae indet. (22704 48424) Macropoma sp. (135657) Quayia zideki (13266)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (Colorado) Chinlea sorenseni (135699 135712)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (Utah) Chinlea sorenseni (135711)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (New Mexico) Coelacanthidae indet. (62311)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) Holophagus sp. (83370)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy Undina sp., Urocomus picenus (153108)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Canada (British Columbia) Garnbergia ommata (97843)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (New Mexico) Chinlea sorenseni (48422)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Arizona) Chinlea sorenseni (84009 84017)
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3USA (Virginia) Diplurus sp. (107637)
Planorbis201.3 - 196.5United Kingdom Undina barroviensis (122157 122158)
Hettangian - Early/Lower Sinemurian201.3 - 189.6United Kingdom Holophagus gulo (140080)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8USA (New Jersey) Diplurus longicaudatus (187288)
Sinemurian - Pliensbachian199.3 - 182.7USA (Arizona) Coelacanthidae indet. (27719)
Bucklandi196.5 - 189.6Italy Coelacanthiformes indet. (90673)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom Holophagus gulo (122155) Undina gulo (122154)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6Chile Atacamaia solitaria (173644)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany Trachymetopon liassicum (181398)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Germany Trachymetopon liassicum (181400)
Toarcian - Aalenian182.7 - 170.3India Indocoelacanthus robustus (46389)
Toarcian - Aalenian182.7 - 170.3India (Andhra Pradesh) Indocoelacanthus robustus (70552 70553)
Bifrons182.0 - 175.6Germany Trachymetopon liassicum (181399)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom Undina barroviensis (131844)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Figuig) Mawsoniidae indet. (176120 176122 176123)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0Brazil (Maranhao) Parnaibaia maranhaoensis (117996)
Oxfordian - Tithonian163.5 - 145.0Australia (New South Wales) Coelacanthidae indet. (29461)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France (Burgundy) Wenzia latimereae (169629)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Bayern) Undina pencillata (59175)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Undina penicillata (154138)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Turkey Undina sp. (68640)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Undina sp. (35262)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Tunisia (Medinine) Mawsonia sp. (166013)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Brazil (Pernambuco) Mawsonia gigas (193050 193051)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Brazil (Ceará) Mawsonia gigas (59355)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Brazil (Bahia) Mawsonia gigas (94537)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Libya (Yafran) Mawsoniidae indet. (69791)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Cuenca) Holophagus leridae (28006)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Brazil (Bahia) Mawsonia gigas (55209)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Brazil (Ceará) Axelrodichthys sp. (115134)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Brazil (Pernacumbo) Mawsonia gigas (165422)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Tunisia (Tataouine) Mawsonia sp. (175805)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Mexico (Puebla) Axelrodichthys araripensis (80283)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Coelacanthidae indet. (14391)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Algeria (Adrar) Mawsonia sp. (59578)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Morocco Mawsonia lavocati (13274)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Brazil (Maranhão) Mawsonia sp. (56365)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9United Kingdom (England) Macropoma sp. (81003)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Egypt (Al Jizah) Coelacanthiformes indet. (123976)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Mawsonia sp. (25325)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8United Kingdom (England) Macropoma mantelli (140628)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Madagascar (Mahajanga) Axelrodichthys sp. (46897)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Alabama) Megalocoelacanthus dobiei (87057)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Megalocoelacanthus dobiei (35289)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Alabama) Megalocoelacanthus dobiei (87056)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France (Languedoc-Roussillon) Mawsoniidae indet. (48870)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Megalocoelacanthus dobiei (57915)