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Ophiuridae

Ophiuroidea - Ophiurida - Ophiuridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1865Ophiuridae Lyman
1966Ophiuridae Spencer and Wright p. U93
1975Ophiuridae Blake p. 503
1988Ophiuridae Calzada and Gutiérrez p. 31
1995Ophiuridae Smith et al.
2000Ophiuridae Jagt p. 16
2002Ophiuridae Radwanski p. 396
2004Ophiuridae Chen et al. p. 1306
2008Ophiuridae Storc and Zitt p. 127
2011Ophiuridae Thuy and Kroh p. 787
2017Ophiuridae O'Hara et al.
2018Ophiuridae O'Hara et al. p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumEleutherozoa
Asterozoa()
RankNameAuthor
classOphiuroidea
suborderMyophiurina()
infraclassMetophiuridaMatsumoto 1913
superorderEuryophiurida
orderOphiurida()
suborderOphiurina
familyOphiuridae
familyOphiuridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Ophiuridae Lyman 1865
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G. †Felderophiura Jagt 1991
+
G. †Huangzhishania Chen et al. 2004
+
Huangzhishania permotriassica Chen et al. 2004
G. Ophiocrossota Clark 1928
+
Ophiocrossota baconi Blake and Allison 1970
Ophiocrossota oweni Blake 1975
G. Ophiocten Lütken 1855
+
Ophiocten seeweni Kutscher and Hary 1991
Ophiocten yvonnae Jagt 2000
Subfm. Ophioleucinae Matsumoto 1915
+
G. †Eirenura Thuy 2011
+
Eirenura kohli Thuy 2005
Eirenura papillata Thuy 2011
G. Ophiura Lamarck 1801
+
Subg. †Ophiura (Aspidura) von Hagenow 1840
Ophiura achatae Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura astonensis Hess 1964
Ophiura bartonensis Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura bognoriensis Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura carpelloides Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura costata Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura cretacea Guéranger 1853
Ophiura cunliffei Forbes 1846
Ophiura davisi Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura furiae Rasmussen 1972
Ophiura graysonensis Alexander 1931
Ophiura hendleri Blake and Aronson 1998
Ophiura kunradeca Berry 1938
Ophiura marylandica Berry 1934
Ophiura olifex Quenstedt 1876
Ophiura ophiura Linnaeus 1758
Ophiura paucilepis Stöhr et al. 2011
Ophiura sarsii Lütken 1856
Ophiura serrata Roemer 1841
+
Invalid names: Ophioderma arkonensis Müller 1950 [synonym], Ophioglypha gracilis Valette 1914 [synonym], Ophiura parvisentum Spencer 1907 [synonym]
Ophiura sternbergica Kutscher 1981
Ophiura straini Cornell et al. 1991
Ophiura texana Clark 1893
Ophiura tinurtiensis Valette 1929
Ophiura travisana Berry 1941
Ophiura wetherelli Forbes 1852
Invalid names: Ophioglypha Lyman 1860 [synonym]
Subfm. Ophiurinae Lyman 1865
+
G. †Aspiduriella Bolette 1998
+
Aspiduriella camuna Rossi Ronchetti 1965
Aspiduriella dorae Lepsius 1878
Aspiduriella italica Crema 1895
Aspiduriella ludeni von Hagenow 1851
Aspiduriella montserratensis Calzada and Gutiérrez 1988
Aspiduriella scutellata Blumenbach 1803
+
Invalid names: Aspidura loricata Goldfuss 1833 [synonym]
Aspiduriella streichani Kutscher 1987
Invalid names: Aspidura Agassiz 1836 [replaced]
G. †Cholaster Worthen and Miller 1883
+
Cholaster peculiaris Worthen and Miller 1883
G. †Ophiotitanos Spencer 1907
+
Ophiotitanos laevis Spencer 1907
Ophiotitanos magnus Spencer 1907
Ophiotitanos pilleri Thuy and Kroh 2011
Ophiotitanos smithi Ewin and Thuy 2017
Ophiotitanos tenuis Spencer 1907
G. †Praeaplocoma Broglio Loriga and Berti Cavicchi 1972
+
Praeaplocoma hessi Broglio Loriga and Berti Cavicchi 1972
G. †Ophiurites Schlotheim 1820
+
Ophiurites pustulosus Müller 1847
Ophiurites trunensis Böhm 1891
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: slow-movingc
Life habit: low-level epifaunalc
Diet: detritivorec
Diet 2: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-29 11:30:09
Modified: 2010-02-12 01:58:57
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan 1992, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Changhsingian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 254.17000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 252.17 Ma

Collections (139 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) Huangzhishania permotriassica (60533)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Italy (Veneto) Praeaplocoma sp. (77392)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Aspidura idahoensis (58632)
Griesbachian - Dienerian251.902 - 251.2Italy Praeaplocoma sp. (61805)
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5China (Zhejiang) Huangzhishania permotriassica (105220 105221)
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5Italy Praeaplocoma sp. (61804)
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5China (Guizhou) Ophioderma schistovertebrata (146272)
Triassic251.902 - 201.4Vietnam (Tinh Lai Chau) Aspidura sp. (77537)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Aspidura idahoensis (136684)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Italy Praeaplocoma sp. (61808)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Italy Praeaplocoma hessi (61809 165168) Praeaplocoma sp. (61810)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2China (Sichuan) Ophiolepis gulinensis (32501)
Dienerian250.5 - 251.2Italy Praeaplocoma sp. (61806)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0Poland Aspiduriella similis (136257)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland (Silesia) Ophiomusium simile, Aspiduriella ludeni (32083)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Veneto) Aspidura italica (79547)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland Aspidura similis, Aspidura scutellata (63538)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany Aspidura streichani (31996)
Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Poland Aspiduriella sp. (63393)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Slovenia Aspiduriella sp. (166626)