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Pygostylia

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2002Pygostylia Chiappe
2006Pygostylia You et al. p. 1643
2010Pygostylia Wang et al. p. 247
2013Pygostylia Kurochkin et al.
2013Pygostylia O'Connor and Zelenkov
2014Pygostylia Liu et al.
2014Pygostylia Wang et al.
2014Pygostylia Wang et al.
2014Pygostylia Zhang et al.
2016Pygostylia O'Connor et al.
2018Pygostylia Wang and Stidham
2018Pygostylia Wang and Zhou

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
PygostyliaChiappe 2002

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Bathonian to the top of the Holocene or 167.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 164.7 Ma

Collections (2134 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Aves indet. (59357)
Late/Upper Jurassic - Barremian163.5 - 125.0China (Hebei) Shenqiornis mengi (96195)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Romania (Judetul Bihor) Hesperornithiformes indet. (13335)
Berriasian - Barremian145.0 - 125.0China (Liaoning) Euenantiornithes indet., Changchengornis hengdaoziensis (79657)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Nei Mongol) Cathayornis chabuensis (91202) Enantiornithes indet. (46936) Otogornis genghisi (85296)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Japan (Ishikawa) Enantiornithes indet. (32324)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0France Gallornis straeleni (61563)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4China (Hebei) Cruralispennia multidonta (194615) Eopengornis martini (163268)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Ambiortus dementjevi (85287) Holbotia ponomarenkoi (113357)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0China (Hebei) Eoconfuciusornis zhengi (85261)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Cuenca) Eoalulavis hoyasi, Iberomesornis sp., Concornis lacustris, Aves indet. (28006)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Hebei) Protopteryx fengningensis, Paraprotopteryx gracilis, Archaeornithura meemannae (68022)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Confuciusornis chuonzhous (94819) Confuciusornis dui, Jinzhouornis zhangjiyingia (24899) Confuciusornis feducciai (92626) Confuciusornis sanctus (85298) Confuciusornis sp. (50467 50468 50469 52888) Confuciusornis sp., Confuciusornis sanctus, Confuciusornis suniae (50470)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0China (Hebei) Jinguofortis perplexus (197953) Protopteryx fengningensis, Jibeinia luanhera (156414)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Spain (Cataluña) Enantiornithes indet., Noguerornis gonzalezi (85293)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0China (Liaoning) Euenantiornithes indet., Hongshanornis longicresta, Liaoxiornis delicatus, Lingyuanornis parvus, Dalingheornis liweii, Longicrusavis houi, Grabauornis lingyuanensis, Eogranivora edentulata (13937)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Enantiornithes indet. (79521) Eoenantiornis buhleri (79522) Jinzhouornis yixianensis (156032) Yanornis guozhangi (92806)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Hebei) Jibeinia luanhera (116134) Vescornis hebeiensis (79520)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Nei Mongol) Hongshanornis longicresta (79519)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Evgenavis nobilis (52808)