Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Ornithuromorpha

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1999Ornithuromorpha Chiappe and et al.
2002Ornithuromorpha Chiappe p. 451 fig. 20.1
2006Ornithuromorpha You et al. p. 1643 figs. Fig. 3
2010Ornithuromorpha O'Connor et al. p. 319
2013Ornithuromorpha Kurochkin et al.
2013Ornithuromorpha O'Connor and Zelenkov
2014Ornithuromorpha Liu et al.
2014Ornithuromorpha O'Connor and Sullivan
2014Ornithuromorpha Wang et al.
2014Ornithuromorpha Wang et al.
2014Ornithuromorpha Zhang et al.
2016Ornithuromorpha O'Connor et al.
2016Ornithuromorpha Wang et al.
2017Ornithuromorpha McLachlan et al. p. 2

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
RankNameAuthor
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Berriasian to the top of the Holocene or 145.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 139.8 Ma

Collections (1915 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Romania (Judetul Bihor) Hesperornithiformes indet. (13335)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0France Gallornis straeleni (61563)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Ambiortus dementjevi (85287)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Hebei) Archaeornithura meemannae (68022)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0China (Liaoning) Hongshanornis longicresta, Longicrusavis houi, Eogranivora edentulata (13937)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Yanornis guozhangi (92806)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Nei Mongol) Hongshanornis longicresta (79519)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Kalasin) Ornithurae indet. (84443)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Archaeorhynchus spathula (123753) Liaoningornis longidigitris (85288) Ornithurae indet., Archaeorhynchus spathula, Zhongjianornis yangi, Jianchangornis microdonta, Schizooura lii (118207)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Nei Mongol) Tianyuornis cheni (106346)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Liaoning) Aberratiodontus wui (79518) Archaeovolans repatriatus (55708) Bellulia rectusunguis (105772) Changzuiornis ahgmi, Gansus zheni, Dingavis longimaxilla (194604) Chaoyangia beishanensis, Songlingornis linghensis (79517) Iteravis huchzermenyeri (135798) Juehuaornis zhangi (169930) Parahongshanornis chaoyangensis (79941) Piscivoravis lii (137591) Yanornis martini (85258) Yanornis sp. (55536) Yixianornis grabaui (55426)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Gansu) Gansus yumenensis, Changmaornis houi, Yumenornis huangi, Ornithuromorpha indet. (62293)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Enaliornis barretti, Enaliornis sedgwicki (85289)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (Kansas) Hesperornis gracilis (156590) Lestornis crassipes (156589)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Hesperornithiformes indet., Ichthyornis sp. (22731) Ichthyornis sp. B, Pasquiaornis hardiei, Pasquiaornis tankei, Ichthyornis sp., Aves indet. (52997)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Russian Federation (Volgograd) Aves indet. (92399)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Kansas) Baptornithidae indet., Ichthyornithes indet. (94538)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Canada (Nunavut) Tingmiatornis arctica (45559)
Turonian - Coniacian93.9 - 86.3Argentina (Neuquén) Neornithes indet. (118307)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Canada (Alberta) Ichthyornis sp. (125729)