|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||Age range and collections|
Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida
It was assigned to Spiriferida by Carter and Poletaev (1998); and to Spiriferidina by Chen and Shi (1999), Shen et al. (2003) and Williams et al. (2006).
If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.