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Carcharodon carcharias (great white shark)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Lamnidae

Taxonomy
Squalus carcharias was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant. Its type specimen is 1.

It was recombined as Carcharias (Scoliodon) carcharias by Eastman (1904); it was recombined as Carcharodon carcharias by Applegate and Espinosa-Arrubarrena (1996), Purdy et al. (2001), Adnet et al. (2009), Boessenecker (2011) and Kent (2018).

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Squalus carcharias Linnaeus
1876Carcharodon caifassi Lawley p. 23
1881Carcharodon etruscus Lawley p. 17
1904Carcharias (Scoliodon) carcharias Eastman p. 25
1996Carcharodon carcharias Applegate and Espinosa-Arrubarrena p. 32
2001Carcharodon carcharias Purdy et al. p. 137
2009Carcharodon carcharias Adnet et al. p. 10
2011Carcharodon carcharias Boessenecker p. 12 figs. 3.7, 3.8, 3.12-3.22, 4.1-4.10
2018Carcharodon carcharias Kent p. 76

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
RankNameAuthor
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Selachii
superorderGaleomorphi
orderLamniformesBerg 1958
familyLamnidaeMüller and Henle 1838
genusCarcharodonSmith 1838
speciescarcharias()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:05:21
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:05:21
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Burdigalian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 20.44000 to 0.01170 Ma

Collections (49 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Orissa) Carcharodon carcharias (42842)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India Carcharodon carcharias (78641)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Chile Carcharodon carcharias (102183)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Cuba Carcharodon carcharias (159595)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608India Carcharodon carcharias (72085 78614)
Middle Miocene - Early/Lower Pliocene15.97 - 3.6Chile (Antwerpen) Carcharodon carcharias (154114)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Chile Carcharodon carcharias (69730)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Carcharodon carcharias (24237)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Florida) Carcharodon carcharias (162457)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Mexico (Baja California) Carcharodon carcharias (45458)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chile (Atacama) Carcharodon carcharias (55535)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Peru Carcharodon carcharias (13079 46083)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Mexico (Baja) Carcharodon carcharias (154117)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Libya Carcharodon carcharias (136597)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Carcharodon carcharias (52582)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Carcharodon carcharias (117471 184960)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Spain (Alicante) Carcharodon carcharias (118104)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Chile Carcharodon carcharias (68271 69731)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Carcharodon carcharias (46068 51328 51335)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6South Africa Carcharodon carcharias (100313)
Early/Lower Pliocene - Late/Upper Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Australia (Tasmania) Carcharodon carcharias (51414)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Mexico (Baja California Sur) Carcharodon carcharias (154118)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Japan (Kanagawa) Carcharodon carcharias (161451)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Angola Carcharodon carcharias (154111)
Waipipian3.6 - 3.0New Zealand (Hawera) Carcharodon carcharias (28039)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Carcharodon carcharias (159914)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Chile Carcharodon carcharias (100174)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Italy Carcharodon carcharias (55759)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (California) Carcharodon carcharias (184953 184959)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Italy (Florence) Carcharodon carcharias (45480)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Italy (Pisa) Carcharodon carcharias (88328)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Australia (Victoria) Carcharodon carcharias (51405)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Taiwan (Tainan) Carcharodon carcharias (76844)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan (Hokuriku) Carcharodon carcharias (161503)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Japan Carcharodon carcharias (51304)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Brazil Carcharodon carcharias (52644)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Carcharodon carcharias (20400 58089)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Carcharodon carcharias (190889)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Alabama) Carcharodon carcharias (187584)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Carcharodon carcharias (188304)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Carcharodon carcharias (20646)