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Pluvialis

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Charadriidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1760Pluvialis Brisson
1982Pluvialis Olson and James p. 36
2001Pluvialis Olson and Rasmussen p. 293
2013Pluvialis Meijer et al. p. 883
2017Pluvialis Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderCharadriiformesHuxley 1867
familyCharadriidaeVigors 1825
genusPluvialisBrisson 1760

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Bush and Bambach 2015, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Zanclean to the top of the Holocene or 5.33300 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 3.6 Ma

Collections (37 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) P. squatarola (52582)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Italy P. apricaria (197789)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy P. apricaria (197927)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Russian Federation P. sp. (194811)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom (Wales) P. apricaria (124954)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) P. dominica (103991)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Peru P. squatarola, P. dominica (71346)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) P. fulva (193369 193374 193384)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Ecuador P. squatarola, P. dominica (152599)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) P. squatarola (120829 176102)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (South Australia) P. squatarola (136072)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Cook Islands P. dominica (194764)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Micronesia, Federated States of P. dominica (194650 194651)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Pitcairn P. fulva (193786)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0French Polynesia P. dominica (194675)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tonga P. dominica (194751)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (California) P. squatarola (194906 194907 194912 194914 194925)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Northern Mariana Islands P. fulva (194626 194627 194643 194644 194645)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Norfolk Island P. fulva (194562 194563 194564 194565 194566 194567)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Caledonia P. dominica (193985)