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Phragmolites

Gastropoda - Bellerophontida - Bucaniidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Phragmolites Conrad
1897Conradella Ulrich and Scofield
1925Phragmolites Koken and Perner
1960Phragmolites Knight et al. p. 179
1977Phragmolites Yochelson
1991Conradella Peel
1991Phragmolites Peel
1992Phragmolites Wahlman
1999Conradella Ebbestad
1999Phragmolites Ebbestad
2002Phragmolites Sepkoski

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropoda
orderBellerophontidaUlrich and Scofield 1897
suborderBellerophontina
superfamilyBellerophontoidea()
familyBucaniidae
subfamilyBucaniinae
genusPhragmolites

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Phragmolites Conrad 1838
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Phragmolites bellulus Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Phragmolites cellulosus Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Phragmolites compressus Conrad 1838
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Invalid names: Phragmolites similis Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym]
Phragmolites desideratus Billings 1866
Phragmolites dyeri Hall 1872
Phragmolites elegans Miller 1874
Phragmolites excavatus Koken and Perner 1925
Phragmolites fimbriata Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Phragmolites hyperboreus Troedsson 1928
Phragmolites imbricata Meek and Worthen 1868
Phragmolites lindstroemi Koken and Perner 1925
Phragmolites multinotatus Bradley 1930
Phragmolites obliquus Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Phragmolites pannosus Billings 1866
Phragmolites phaecus Öpik 1953
Phragmolites slawsoni Hussey 1926
Phragmolites suarezi Fischer 1969
Phragmolites triangularis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
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Invalid names: Phragmolites grandis Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym]
Invalid names: Conradella Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragoniteo
Composition 2: low Mg calciteo
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 0.1 to < 1.0g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Adult height: 10 to < 100g
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: detritivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: BODY SIZE: Data from Knight et al. (1960).g
Created: 2009-03-04 10:26:19
Modified: 2009-06-05 20:24:11
Source: g = genus, f = family, o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009, Hendy 2009

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Llanvirn to the top of the Telychian or 468.00000 to 433.40000 Ma

Collections (116 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ordovician485.4 - 443.8USA (New York) P. sp. (332)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.8USA (Tennessee) P. sp. (1959)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (New York) P. sp. (333 334)
Early/Lower Llanvirn468.0 - 461.1Norway (Trøndelag) P. sp. (191062)
Llanvirn468.0 - 458.4China (Manchuria) P. sp. (56134)
Soudleyan - Marshbrookian458.4 - 454.0Norway P. sp. (2948)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Tennessee) P. sp. (1704 1934 1939)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Virginia) P. triangularis (33541)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Georgia) P. fimbriatus (32823 32824 32825 32826 32832)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5China (ZheJiang) P. sp. (7781)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Wisconsin) P. sp. (55472 55474) P. triangularis (55651)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Tennessee) Conradella dyeri (5347)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Indiana) P. grandis (104277)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Oklahoma) P. sp. (13816)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Minnesota) Conradella fimbriata (194139)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8Canada (Quebec) P. triangularis (174157)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Missouri) Conradella fimbriata (175724) P. fimbriatus (181091)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Wisconsin) Conradella triangularis (89018)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8Canada (Ontario) P. compressus (104422 184671 185449 185460)
Ashbyan457.3 - 449.6USA (Virginia) P. triangularis (33544 33545 33546 33547)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. fimbriatus, P. triangularis (23614 23615 23617 23619 23620)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6Canada (Ontario) P. sp. (55999)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6USA (Tennessee) Conradella grandis (5331)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6USA (Kentucky) Conradella similis (155399)
Blackriveran - Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. fimbriatus, P. triangularis, P. obliquus (23621)
Blackriveran - Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) P. fimbriatus, P. triangularis (23557)
Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6Canada (Ontario) P. compressus (26192)
Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. obliquus (23623 23644)
Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6USA (Tennessee) Conradella dyeri (155401)
Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6Canada (Quebec) P. compressus (154703)
Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) Conradella obliqua (154411 154413 167573)
Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6USA (Tennessee) P. sp. (1958)
Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6USA (New York) P. compressus (75226)
Rocklandian - Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) P. compressus, P. obliquus (23558)
Rocklandian - Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. obliquus (23622)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. compressus, P. dyeri (23664 23667 23668 23670) P. compressus, P. dyeri, P. obliquus (23659) P. obliquus (23651 23653 23656)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) P. compressus, P. dyeri (23584) P. compressus, P. dyeri, P. obliquus (23579)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Illinois) P. multinotatus (154952)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6Canada (Northwest Territories) P. sp. (25313 25314 25315 25316 25317 25318)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Tennessee) Conradella dyeri (5350) P. sp. (1933 1953 1961)
Trentonian457.3 - 449.6USA (Missouri) P. multinotatus (89024)
Trentonian457.3 - 449.6USA (New York) P. compressus (157242)
Actonian - Onnian454.0 - 449.5China (ZheJiang) P. sp. (7779)
Actonian - Onnian454.0 - 449.5China (AnHui) P. sp. (7835)
Chatfieldian453.8 - 451.0Canada (Ontario) P. compressus (26263)
Edenian451.0 - 450.2USA (Minnesota) P. compressus, P. dyeri (23588)
Edenian451.0 - 450.2USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. compressus, P. dyeri (23678)
Edenian - Maysvillian451.0 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) P. dyeri (23603)
Edenian - Maysvillian451.0 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. dyeri (23682)
Maysvillian450.2 - 449.6USA (Ohio) Conradella elegans (155400) P. sp. (388)
Maysvillian450.2 - 449.6USA (Kentucky) Conradella bellula (155402)
Maysvillian450.2 - 449.6USA (Illinois, Iowa) P. dyeri (23684)
Maysvillian450.2 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) P. dyeri (23607)
Maysvillian - Ashgill450.2 - 443.7USA (Ohio) P. sp. (390)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Michigan) P. slawsoni (26312)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5Canada (Quebec) P. desideratus, P. pannosus (63667) P. pannosus (63559 63625 63660)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Minnesota) Conradella dyeri (155710)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Illinois) P. sp. (26684)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Indiana) Conradella dyeri (373) P. dyeri (72510 194134) P. sp. (64170)
Richmondian - Ashgill449.6 - 443.7USA (Ohio) P. sp. (392)
Pusgillian449.5 - 449.2United Kingdom (Scotland) Conradella girvanensis (73133)
Pirgu449.5 - 445.2Norway (Askerhus) Temnodiscus lindstroemi (99790)
Pirgu449.5 - 445.2Norway (Ringerike) Euomphalopterus excavatus, Temnodiscus lindstroemi (154605)
Gamachian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Québec) P. desideratus (63773)
Cautleyan449.2 - 448.8Greenland (Washington Land) P. hyperboreus (24162)
Rawtheyan448.8 - 445.2United Kingdom (Scotland) Conradella fimbriata (73134)
Rawtheyan448.8 - 445.2United Kingdom (Wales) Conradella sladensis (172796)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4Norway (Oslo) P. lindstroemi (73415)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Canada (Quebec) P. desideratus (160096)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4Australia (Victoria) P. phaecus (8028)