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Spiralia

Taxonomy
Spiralia is an unranked clade. It is extant.

It was assigned to Protostomia by Peterson et al. (2005), Edgecombe et al. (2011) and Nielsen (2012).

Sister taxa
Brachiozoa, Gnathifera, Polyzoa, Schizocoela, Trochozoa

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2005Spiralia Peterson et al. p. 38
2011Spiralia Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Spiralia Nielsen p. 104

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
RankNameAuthor
Protostomia
Spiralia
Spiralia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available