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Calymenidae

Trilobita - Phacopida - Calymenidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1840Calymenidae Milne-Edwards
1957Calymenidae Harrington and Leanza
1968Calymenidae Robison and Pantoja-Alor p. 783
1983Calymenidae Dean
1997Calymenidae Whittington et al. p. 300
2011Calymenidae Adrain p. 106

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
RankNameAuthor
subphylumMandibulata
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
orderPhacopidaSalter 1864
suborderCalymeninaSwinnerton 1915
familyCalymenidaeMilne-Edwards 1840
familyCalymenidaeMilne-Edwards 1840

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: chitinc
Entire body: yesf
Adult length: 10 to < 100f
Adult width: 10 to < 100f
Ontogeny: molting, addition of partsc
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: nektobenthicf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: well-developedf
Comments: BODY SIZE: Based on component genera; 7 of 7 genera share 10 to < 100 length, 7 of 7 share 10 to < 100 width. LIFE HISTORY: Data from Meyer et al. (2009) JA: carnivorous according to Fortey and Owens 1999f
Created: 2009-06-11 14:42:12
Modified: 2012-08-27 07:17:38
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy 2009

Age range: base of the Whitlandian to the top of the Early/Lower Emsian or 478.60000 to 402.50000 Ma

Collections (1740 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan) Neseuretus sp. (7694)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (ZheJiang) Neseuretus sp. (7780)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hunan and Hubei) Calymene sp. (7720)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7Spain (Zaragoza) Prionocheilus languedocensis (21076 197251)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Prionocheilus sp. (166727)
Tremadocian - Floian485.4 - 470.0Iran Neseuretus ghavideli (66868)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4Canada (Yukon and Northwest Terrorities) Platycalymene sp. (317)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) Flexicalymene sp. (332)
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Neseuretus ramseyensis (87601 166754)
Whitlandian478.6 - 471.8United Kingdom (Wales) Neseuretus ramseyensis (3713 3714)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Calymeninae sp. 1 (136448) Calymeninae sp. 2 (136454)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Czech Republic Gravicalymene interjecta (10378 12101)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Morocco Calymene maura, Calymene n. sp. A (27041) Calymene n. sp. A (27062) Calymene teddersensis (27060) Gravicalymene sp. (91724)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6USA (Nevada) Calymene sp. (595)
Pragian - Early/Lower Emsian410.8 - 402.5Italy Calymene reperta (26245 26255)
Pragian - Middle Devonian410.8 - 382.7Czech Republic Gravicalymene affinis (10344 10372) Gravicalymene interjecta (10379)
Zlichovian409.1 - 391.9China (Guangxi) Gravicalymene sp. (27348)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3China (Guangxi) Gravicalymene sp. (27420 27422)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Uzbekistan Gravicalymene sp. (181378)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Australia (New South Wales) Gravicalymene quadrilobata (39884 39886 39890)