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Lorisiformes

Mammalia - Primates

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1915Lorisiformes Gregory
1997Lorisiformes Mein and Ginsburg p. 805
2003Lorisiformes Seiffert et al.
2004Lorisiformes Poux and Douzery
2005Lorisiformes Seiffert et al. p. 11399
2005Lorisiformes Wilson and Reeder
2010Lorisiformes Harrison

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Boreoeutheria
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Euarchonta
orderPrimates
suborderStrepsirrhiniGeoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1812
infraorderLorisiformesGregory 1915
infraorderLorisiformesGregory 1915

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Infraor. Lorisiformes Gregory 1915
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Superfm. †Lorisoidea
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Fm. Galagidae Mivart 1864 [galago]
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G. Euoticus Gray 1863 [needle-clawed bushbaby]
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Euoticus elegantulus Le Conte 1857 [southern needle-clawed bushbaby]
Euoticus elegantulus pallidus Gray 1863 [northern needle-clawed bushbaby]
G. Galago Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1796
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Galago farafraensis Pickford et al. 2006
Galago gallarum Thomas 1901
Galago matschiei Lorenz 1917
Galago moholi Smith 1836 [mohol bushbaby]
Galago sadimanensis Walker 1987
Galago senegalensis Geoffroy 1796 [Senegal bushbaby]
G. Galagoides Smith 1833
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Subg. Galagoides (Galagoides) Matthews and Brothers 2002
Galagoides demidoff Fischer 1806 [Prince Demidoff's galago]
Galagoides kumbirensis Svensson et al. 2017
Galagoides thomasi Elliot 1907
Subfm. †Kombinae Harrison 2010
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G. †Komba Simpson 1967
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Komba minor Le Gros Clark and Thomas 1952
Komba robustus Le Gros Clark and Thomas 1952
Komba walkeri Harrison 2010
Komba winamensis McCrossin 1992
G. Otolemur Coquerel 1859
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Otolemur crassicaudatus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1812
Otolemur garnettii Ogilby 1838
Otolemur howelli Wesselman 1984
Otolemur monteiri Barlett 1863
G. Paragalago Masters et al. 2017
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Paragalago cocos Heller 1912
Paragalago granti Thomas 1907
Paragalago orinus Lawrence and Washburn 1936
G. †Progalago MacInnes 1943
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Progalago dorae MacInnes 1943
G. †Saharagalago Seiffert et al. 2003
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Saharagalago misrensis Seiffert et al. 2003
G. Sciurocheirus Gray 1872
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Sciurocheirus alleni Waterhouse 1838 [Bioko Allen's bushbaby]
G. †Wadilemur Simons 1997
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Wadilemur elegans Simons 1997
Fm. Lorisidae Gray 1821 [loris]
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Subfm. Lorisinae Gray 1821
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G. Loris Geoffroy 1796 [slender loris]
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Loris lori Cabera 1908
Loris lydekkerianus Cabera 1908
Loris tardigradus Linnaeus 1758
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Invalid names: Loris gracilis Geoffroy 1796 [synonym], Tardigradus loris Boddaert 1785 [synonym]
Invalid names: Loridium Rafinesque 1815 [objective synonym], Stenops Illiger 1811 [objective synonym], Tardigradus Boddaert 1785 [nomen nudum]
G. †Microloris Flynn and Morgan 2005
G. †Nycticeboides Jacobs 1981
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Nycticeboides simpsoni Jacobs 1981
G. Nycticebus Geoffroy 1812 [slow loris]
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Nycticebus bengalensis Geoffroy 1812
Nycticebus coucang Boddaert 1785 [Sunda slow loris]
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Invalid names: Nycticebus cinereus Milne-Edwards 1867 [synonym]
Nycticebus javanicus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1812
Nycticebus kayan Munds et al. 2013
Nycticebus linglom Mein and Ginsburg 1997
Nycticebus menagensis Lydekker 1893
Nycticebus pygmaeus Bonhote 1907 [pygmy slow loris]
Invalid names: Bradycebus Cuvier and Geoffroy 1795 [synonym]
Subfm. †Mioeuoticinae Harrison 2010
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G. †Mioeuoticus Leakey 1962
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Mioeuoticus bishopi Leakey 1962
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Invalid names: Progalago songhornensis Simpson 1967 [synonym]
Mioeuoticus kichotoi Kunimatsu et al. 2017
Mioeuoticus shipmani Phillips and Walker 2000
G. †Namaloris Pickford 2015
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Namaloris rupestris Pickford 2015
Subfm. Perodictinae Gray 1870
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G. Arctocebus Gray 1863 [golden potto]
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Arctocebus aureus de Winton 1902 [golden angwantibo]
Arctocebus calabarensis Smith 1860 [Perodicticus calabarensis]
G. Perodicticus Bennett 1831 [potto]
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Perodicticus edwardsi Bouvier 1879
Perodicticus potto Statius Muller 1776
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Invalid names: Galago guineensis Desmarest 1820 [synonym], Perodicticus geoffroyi Bennett 1831 [synonym], Potto bosmanii Lesson 1840 [synonym]
Invalid names: Potto Lesson 1840 [synonym]
G. Pseudopotto Schwartz 1996 [False potto]
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Pseudopotto martini Schwartz 1996 [False potto]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: arborealo
Diet: omnivoreo
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Created: 2005-08-26 13:27:51
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:27:51
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Lillegraven 1979, Nowak 1999

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bartonian to the top of the Holocene or 41.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 38.0 Ma

Collections (29 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Namibia (Sperrgebiet) Namaloris rupestris (165176)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Saharagalago misrensis (67706)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt (Fayum) Lorisidae indet. (12954) Wadilemur elegans (60127)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Pakistan (Baluchistan) Lorisidae indet. (180602)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Uganda Komba minor (28293)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Pakistan Nycticeboides simpsoni (201488)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Progalago songhorensis (87341)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Thailand Nycticebus linglom (48126)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Kenya Lorisidae indet., Komba winamensis (22078)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Kenya Mioeuoticus kichotoi (191756)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kenya (Central Nyanza) Lorisidae indet. (21340)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Galagidae indet. (219711)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Egypt (Western Desert) Galago farafraensis (77023)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Kenya Galago sp. (232486)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya Galago senegalensis (22234)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Galago sadimanensis (32050)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Galago howelli, Galagoides demidovii (21546)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Galago howelli (21677)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ethiopia Galago senegalensis (21681)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Tanzania Galago sp. (22595)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Zambia Otolemur crassicaudatus (21854)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Galagoides demidovii (22074)
Calabrian1.8 - 0.774Tanzania (Lake Natron Basin) Galago sp. (22558 22583)
Calabrian1.8 - 0.774Tanzania Galago senegalensis (22628)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (N. Transraal) Galago senegalensis (21693)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Zambia Galago senegalensis (21894)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Galagoides demidovii (22073)