Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Caninae (canine)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Caninae Gill
1970Caninae Bjork p. 13
1980Caninae Kurten and Anderson p. 167
1999Caninae Wang et al. p. 21
2008Caninae Tedford and Wang p. 273
2009Caninae Tedford et al. p. 13

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
suborderCaniformiaKretzoi 1943
superfamilyCanoideaSimpson 1931
familyCanidaeFischer 1817
subfamilyCaninaeGill 1872
subfamilyCaninaeGill 1872

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean
Mandibular ramus height118.3

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: carnivoref
Diet 2: omnivoref
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-22 19:28:06
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Geringian to the top of the Holocene or 30.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 26.3 Ma

Collections (871 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Geringian30.8 - 26.3USA (South Dakota) Hesperocyon leptodus (17641) Leptocyon douglassi (17654)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Oregon) Leptocyon douglassi (159093) Leptocyon mollis (93078)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (South Dakota) Neocynodesmus delicatus (17443)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Montana) Leptocyon douglassi (17481 17722)
early Late Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Oregon) Leptocyon vulpinus (36761)
late Late Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (California) Leptocyon sp. (167848 167853)
Monroecreekian26.3 - 24.8USA (South Dakota) Caninae indet. (17723)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (Nebraska) Leptocyon leidyi (17842) Leptocyon sp. (17819) Nothocyon gregorii (17846)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (Florida) Mesocyon sp. (17837)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (South Dakota) Cynodesmus vulpinus (17451) Hesperocyon gregorii (17456) Leptocyon gregorii (17519)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (Wyoming) Leptocyon gregorii (17794 17811 17815)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nebraska) Canis vafer (190543) Leptocyon sp. (18313) Metalopex merriami (18431)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Oregon) Canis davisi (18943) Metalopex merriami (18864) Pliotaxidea sp. (18825)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Dakota) Leptocyon vafer (18083)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (New Mexico) Leptocyon vafer (19274 19339 19470 19519 19531)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Arizona) Metalopex macconnelli (19429 19436) Vulpes sp. (19355)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Oklahoma) Caninae indet. (18094)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Florida) Canis edwardii (18500)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Canis sp. (22220 22229)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Italy Canis sp. (96713)