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Holostei

Actinopteri -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1846Holostei Müller
1898Holostei Gadow p. 8
1902Holostei Hay p. 374
1960Holostei Gardiner p. 241
1961Chilingosaurus chingshankouensis Young p. 119 figs. Pl. 1:2
1963Holostei Jordan p. 615
1981Holostei Thurmond and Jones p. 82
1986Chilingosaurus chinghankouensis Su p. 32
1987Holostei Kumar and Loyal p. 68
1988Holostei Case and Schwimmer p. 297
1989Holostei Bryant p. 22
1991Holostei Normark et al. p. 829
2006Holostei Nelson
2007Holostei Cavin et al.
2012Holostei Xu and Wu p. 112
2013Holostei Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
infraclassHolostei(Müller 1846)
infraclassHolostei(Müller 1846)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Artinskian to the top of the Holocene or 290.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 272.3 Ma

Collections (1173 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) H. sp. (85299)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation Acentrophorus varians (197540)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9Russian Federation Acentrophorus varians (197598 197601)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (Durham) Acentrophorus glaphyurus (131707 131709) Palaeoniscus glaphyrus (130868)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Germany Acentrophorus glaphyurus (130276)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (England) Palaeoniscus glaphyrus (90263 90264 90265 90266 90267 90268 90270 90273) Palaeoniscus varians (122376)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Acentrophorus glaphyurus (131704) Acentrophorus varians (131701) Acentrophorus varians, Acentrophorus abbsi (131700 131702)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Jiangxi) Caturus indet. (119495)
Induan252.17 - 251.2Italy (Trentino Alto-Adige) Archaeolepidotus leonardii (90275)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Svalbard and Jan Mayen Semionotus sp. (153410)
Spathian - Bithynian251.3 - 242.0Australia (New South Wales) Semionotus australis, Semionotus tenuis, Pristisomus gracilis, Pristisomus latus, Pristisomus crassus (131926)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Slovenia Eosemionotus sp. (166625)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Kyphosichthys grandei (123379)
Bithynian247.2 - 242.0USA (Nevada) Paralepidotus sp. (93564)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany Allolepidotus vogelii (139870) Eosemionotus sp. (139864) Eosemionotus vogeli (139348 200085)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Switzerland Eosemionotus ceresiensis (122057) Ticinolepis sp. (122063 180478 180479 180481 190025)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Lepidotus sp., Tetragonolepis sp. (149323)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Switzerland (Ticino) Ticinolepis sp. (86831)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Sangiorgioichthys yangjuanensis (158207) Semionotiformes indet. (121314)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Gymnoichthys inopinatus (97946 146382) Luoxiongichthys hyperdorsalis (169408)