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Sphenodon

Reptilia - Rhynchocephalia - Sphenodontidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1831Sphenodon Gray
1902Sphenodon Hay p. 460
1910Sphenodon Jaekel p. 333
1985Sphenodon Benton p. 157
1996Sphenodon Frank and Ramus
2000Sphenodon Reynoso
2003Sphenodon Apesteguía and Novas
2003Sphenodon Worthy and Grant-Mackie p. 442
2012Sphenodon Apesteguia et al.
2012Sphenodon Rauhut et al.
2014Sphenodon Cau et al.
2018Sphenodon Herrera-Flores et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderRhynchocephalia
suborderSphenodontia()
infraorderEusphenodontia
Neosphenodontia
familySphenodontidaeCope 1869
genusSphenodonGray 1831

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Source: subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Altonian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 19.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 15.9 Ma

Collections (4 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Altonian19.0 - 15.9New Zealand (Otago) S. sp. (175629)
Altonian19.0 - 15.9New Zealand (South Island) S. sp. (73690)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117New Zealand (South Island) S. sp. (87814)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117New Zealand (North Otago) S. sp. (87789)