Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Papionina

Mammalia - Primates - Cercopithecidae

Taxonomy
Papionina is a subtribe. It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Xing et al. (2005).

It was assigned to Papionini by Xing et al. (2005).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2005Papionina Xing et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Euarchonta
orderPrimates
Euprimateformes
EuprimatesHoffstetter 1978
infraorderHaplorhini(Pocock 1918)
suborderAnthropoideaMivart 1864
superfamilyNeopithecini
familyCercopithecidae
subfamilyCercopithecinae
tribePapionini
subtribePapionina
subtribePapionina

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: arborealf
Diet: frugivoref
Diet 2: folivoref
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-22 19:20:00
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Zanclean to the top of the Holocene or 5.33300 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 3.6 Ma

Collections (238 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Cercocebus sp. (22236)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Kenya (Turkana District) Cercocebus sp. (21332)
Messinian - Calabrian7.246 - 0.781Kenya Papio baringensis (22280) Theropithecus barlowi (22267)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Ethiopia Cercocebus sp. (22175)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya Theropithecus brumpti (21428)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588South Africa Simopithecus darti (22355)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ethiopia (Afar) Papio sp., Theropithecus sp. (70907)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tajikistan Papio sp. (34395) Papio suschkini (34444)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Theropithecus brumpti (22239)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Malawi Papio sp. (22271)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Papio sp. (32050)
Pliocene - Calabrian5.333 - 0.781Kenya Cercocebus sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (21377) Simopithecus sp. (22269) Theropithecus oswaldi (21399 21490)
Pliocene - Calabrian5.333 - 0.781South Africa Papio izodi (21791)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117South Africa Papio angusticeps, Papio hamadryas (22333) Papio angusticeps, Papio robinsoni (22329) Papio robinsoni, Papio angusticeps (22330 22332 22334)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Congo-Kinshasa Theropithecus sp. (22346)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Malawi Theropithecus sp. (22323)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Bulgaria Papio arvernensis (58809)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Cercocebus sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (21442 21446 21451 21456 21522) Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (21506) Theropithecus oswaldi (21369 21395 21414 21417 21453 21466 21470 21473 21499 21500 21526)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Ethiopia Papio sp. (22568)
Zanclean - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Ethiopia Theropithecus oswaldi (22131 22197) Theropithecus sp. (22174) Theropithecus sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (22133)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Kenya Theropithecus sp. (32116)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Morocco Theropithecus atlanticus (32052)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588South Africa Simopithecus darti (22340)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Tanzania Papio sp. (21799 21811)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Theropithecus brumpti (21608 21640) Theropithecus darti (21783 21785)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Kenya (Turkana District) Theropithecus sp. (21334)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Ethiopia Theropithecus oswaldi (22347)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Kenya (Rift Valley) Theropithecus brumpti (21344)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781Kenya (Rift Valley) Theropithecus oswaldi (21291 21352) Theropithecus sp. (21289)
Piacenzian - Pleistocene3.6 - 0.0117Kenya Simopithecus sp. (22238)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ethiopia Theropithecus brumpti (21544 21545 21547 21555 21560 21564 21570 21571 21572 21573 21574 21587 21595 21602 21605 21606 21609 21611 21613 21627 21628 21630 21646 21649 21651 21652 21657 21659 21661 21662 21673 21738 21747 21752 21994 21995 21996 21997 21999 22000 22001 22006 22020 22022 22023 22026 22039 22040) Theropithecus brumpti, Theropithecus oswaldi (21625 21632 21663 21668 21669 21670 21683 21742 21966 22007) Theropithecus oswaldi (21578 21583 21610 21619 21621 21645 21666 21672 21678 21988 22015)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Tanzania Papio sp. (22594 22595) Papio sp., Simopithecus oswaldi, Theropithecus oswaldi (22596)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya (Rift Valley) Theropithecus brumpti (21280 21282 21283 21345 21354 21355) Theropithecus oswaldi (21305)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya Theropithecus brumpti (21519)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781South Africa Papio ingens, Papio robinsoni, Theropithecus oswaldi (21824)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Kenya Cercocebus sp. (32085) Papio sp. (32058) Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (32060) Theropithecus sp. (32088)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781South Africa (Gauteng) Papio hamadryas (183152)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Murcia) Theropithecus oswaldi (34911)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Italy (Foggia) Theropithecus sp. (49308)
Gelasian - Calabrian2.588 - 0.781Ethiopia (Ethiopian Rift) Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (22492 22494) Theropithecus oswaldi (22491 22493 22498)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117South Africa Papio robinsoni, Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (21825) Papio robinsoni, Theropithecus oswaldi (21828) Papio sp. (21913 21920) Papio ursinus (21695 21829 21915 21916 21929 21956 115191)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Morocco Theropithecus oswaldi (34287 34329)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117South Africa (Orange Free) Papio ursinus (21867)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Kenya Papio anubis (22276) Papio sp. (21963) Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (22272) Theropithecus oswaldi (21416 21524 38039 38040) Theropithecus sp. (21836 21837 21838 21843 21846 21848 21850 22268 22270)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Papio anubis (22074)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Ethiopia Papio hamadryas (22177) Papio sp., Theropithecus oswaldi (22134) Theropithecus oswaldi (22156) Theropithecus sp. (22172)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0South Africa Papio ursinus (21948 21949 21950 21951 21952 21957) Simopithecus oswaldi (21711)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Zambia Papio sp. (21854)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Kenya (Rift Valley) Theropithecus oswaldi (21294 21298 21343 21347 21348)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781South Africa Papio robinsoni (21961)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Algeria Theropithecus oswaldi (22584)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Ethiopia (Ethiopian Rift) Papio sp. (22499)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Tanzania Theropithecus oswaldi (22614 22620 22627)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Morocco Theropithecus oswaldi (34330)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Ethiopia Theropithecus oswaldi (22138)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Kenya Papio sp. (21276 21277)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Tanzania Cercocebus sp. (21893)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117South Africa Papio urinus (115167)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Kenya (Athi-Kapiti plains) Papio cynocephalus (32124)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117South Africa Papio ursinus (96974)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Kenya (Athi-Kapiti Plains) Papio cynocephalus (32138)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (Orange Free) Papio ursinus (21909 21911 21912)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Zambia Papio sp. (21895)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan Papio cynocephalus (21871)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Papio anubis (22073)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (N. Transraal) Papio ursinus (21693)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa Papio ursinus (21866 21896 21914 21917 21918 21940 96973)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Swaziland Papio ursinus (21927 21955)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Cote D'Ivoire Papio anubis (21692)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tanzania Papio anubis (21690)