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Hemiptera (true bug)

Insecta - Hemiptera

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Hemiptera Linnaeus
1759Hemiptera Schreber p. 11
1761Hemiptera Linnaeus p. 239
1762Hemiptera Geoffroy p. 408
1763Proboscidea Scopoli p. 112
1764Hemiptera Müller p. 25
1766Hemiptera Schaeffer
1767Hemiptera Linnaeus
1770Hemiptera Drury
1771Hemiptera Forster p. 67
1775Ryngota Fabricius p. 673
1776Hemiptera Müller p. 102
1780Hemiptera Harris p. 88
1796Hemiptera Latreille p. 83
1798Ryngota Fabricius p. 510
1802Hemiptera Latreille p. 240
1862Limnochares antiquus von Heyden p. 63 figs. Pl 10, figs 27-29
1865Protocoris ovalis Heer p. 91
1869Lystra vollenhoveni Weyenbergh p. 25 fig. 24
1877Delphax senilis Scudder p. 760
1890Delphax senilis Scudder p. 295 figs. Pl 5 fig 95
1925Delphax senilis Cockerell p. 9 figs. Pl 2, fig 3
1940Lithopsis lineatus Piton p. 169 fig. 38
1940Lithopsis punctinervis Piton p. 170 fig. 39
1950Delphax rhenana Statz p. 5 figs. Pl III fig 31
1982Eofulgoridium chanmaense Hong p. 89 figs. Pl 11, fig 1; text-figs 64,65
2006Hemiptera Vega et al. p. 327
2012Hemiptera Cryan and Urban
2012Hemiptera Nel et al. p. 385
2014Hemiptera Misof et al.
2015Hemiptera Prokop et al. p. 40
2016Hemiptera Yoshizawa and Leinhard p. 236
2018Hemiptera Johnson et al.

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
subclassPterygota(Brauer 1885)
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Marsdenian to the top of the Holocene or 318.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 314.6 Ma

Collections (1230 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Belgium Protoprosbole straeleni (164479)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95France Aviorrhyncha magnifica (122504)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Russian Federation Archeglyphis crassinervis (124589) Blattoprosbole tomiensis (124585)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (New Mexico) Arroyoscyta novaemexicana (124386)
Permian298.9 - 252.17China (Nei Mongol) Palaeocicadopsis chinensis (156333)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Languedoc) Lutevanaphis permiana (105044) Permopsyllidium lesclansis (122883)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Parapermopsylla tricubita, Permopsylla americana (104826)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Uruguay Paracicadopsis mendezalzolai (124521)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Permopsylla americana (111320) Permopsylla americana, Archescytina permiana, Permoscytina kansasensis, Permopsylla grandis, Permopsylla permiana, Permopsylla minuta (114151) Permopsylla americana, Archescytina permiana, Permoscytina kansasensis, Permoscytina muiri (111219) Permopsylla americana, Archescytina permiana, Permoscytina kansasensis, Permoscytina muiri, Paleoscytina brevistigma, Permopsylla permiana, Permopsylla minuta (111217) Permopsylla americana, Permopsylla minuta (114152) Permopsylla sp., Permopsylla americana, Lithoscytina cubitalis, Permopsylla grandis, Permopsylla anomala (111319)
Irenian279.5 - 272.5Russian Federation Maueria pusillus, Permoscytinopsis maueriaeformis, Permopsyllopsis rossica, Uraloscytina prosbolioides, Scytoneurella major, Scytoneurella minor, Maueria sylvensis, Maripsocus ambiguus, Maueria rhynchota, Maueria intermedia (102504) Maueria rhynchota (155821)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Gondwanaptera capsii, Prosbolecicada gondwanica, Prosbole iratiensis, Fulgoringruo kukalovae (116121)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation Cicadopsis sp. (115214) Maueria pusillus (196229) Permopsyllopsis maueriaeformis (196228) Uraloscytina multinervosa (152060) Uraloscytina similis (155819)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3South Africa (Gauteng) Protopsyllidiidae indet. (122863)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Archescytinidae indet., Archescytina tshekardaensis (116641) Dinoscyta microcephala (108206) Tshekardaella tshekardaensis (124241)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Prosbole sp., Sarbaloptera sarbalensis, Scytinoptera sibirica, Sarbaloscytina angustipennis, Kaltanoscytina latistigmata (112708) Sarbaloptera sarbalensis (104951)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France (Languedoc) Pervestigia veteris (105045) Prosbole dio (122920)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France Archescytina sp. A, Euroscytina lutevanorum (103637) Prosbole garrici (174415)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Perm) Scytoneurella sp. (173727)
Early/Lower Kazanian272.5 - 268.0Russian Federation (Perm) Permothrips longipennis (116606)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Kazan) Coleoscyta martynovi, Coleoscyta kamensis (116877) Prosbole sp., Prosbole elongata, Permocicada nigronervosa, Coleoscyta sp., Sojanoneura marginata, Scytinoptera signata, Cicadopsylla permiana (116803)