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Echinophoria

Gastropoda - Cassidae

Taxonomy
Echinophoria was named by Sacco (1890) [Sepkoski's age data: T Eo-m R Sepkoski's reference number: 96]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Semicassis (Echinophoria) by Marasti (1973); it was reranked as Phalium (Echinophoria) by Abbott (1968) and Garvie (2013).

It was assigned to Semicassis by Marasti (1973); to Cassididae by Kanno (1973); to Cassidae by Todd (2001); to Neotaenioglossa by Sepkoski (2002); to Phaliinae by Beu et al. (1990), Wilson (1993), Beu (2005), Beu (2008) and Beu (2010); and to Phalium by Abbott (1968) and Garvie (2013).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1890Echinophoria Sacco
1926Euspinacassis Finlay
1926Trachydolium Howe p. 303
1949Shichiheia Hatai and Nisiyama p. 93
1957Bathygalea Woodring and Olsson p. 22
1957Miogalea Woodring and Olsson p. 22
1957Bathygalea (Miogalea) Woodring and Olsson p. 23
1968Phalium (Echinophoria) Abbott p. 107
1973Echinophoria Kanno p. 223
1973Semicassis (Echinophoria) Marasti p. 89
1977Bathygalea Ladd p. 30
1988Mariacassis Petuch pp. 17-18
1990Echinophoria Beu et al. p. 410
1993Echinophoria Wilson p. 232
2001Echinophoria Todd
2002Bathygalea Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Echinophoria Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Mariacassia Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Echinophoria Beu p. 45
2008Echinophoria Beu p. 362
2010Echinophoria Beu p. 242
2013Phalium (Echinophoria) Garvie pp. 141 - 142

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyTonnoidea(Suter 1913)
familyCassidaeLatreille 1825
subfamilyPhaliinaeBeu 1981
genusEchinophoriaSacco 1890

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available