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Nothosaurus mirabilis

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Nothosauridae

Taxonomy
Nothosaurus mirabilis was named by Münster (1834). Its type specimen is BT uncatalogued, a partial skeleton (anterior part of the lower jaw and most of the postcranial skeleton), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Oschenberg, near Laineck, which is in a Ladinian marine horizon in Germany. It is the type species of Nothosaurus.

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

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Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1834Dracosaurus bronni Auct
1834Nothosaurus bergeri Meyer pp. 29-33 figs. Gö 756-1
1834Nothosaurus mirabilis Münster
1847Nothosaurus muensteri Meyer
1855Nothosaurus mirabilis Meyer p. 15
1855Nothosaurus muensteri Meyer p. 20
1855Nothosaurus bergeri Meyer p. 150
1861Nothosaurus mirabilis Owen p. 229
1889Nothosaurus mirabilis Lydekker p. 288
1898Nothosaurus muensteri Spangenberg p. 407
1921Nothosaurus bergeri Edinger pp. 29-33 figs. Gö 756-1
1934Nothosaurus mirabilis Swinton p. 62
1971Nothosaurus mirabilis Kuhn p. 18
1971Nothosaurus muensteri Kuhn p. 18
1996Nothosaurus mirabilis Rieppel and Wild pp. 55-58
2008Nothosaurus mirabilis Chrzastek p. 232 fig. 6J

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderEosauropterygia
familyNothosauridaeBaur 1889
genusNothosaurusMünster 1834
speciesmirabilisMünster 1834

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. Rieppel and R. Wild 1996A species of Nothosaurus of intermediate size with an adult condylobasal skull length of up to 460 mm; rostrum long and slender with parallel lateral edges; length-to-width ratio of mandibular symphysis 1.5-1.7; five fangs on each premaxilla; four small maxillary teeth preceding the paired maxillary fangs; rostral constriction weakly expressed; external nares long and slender; upper temporal fenestra elongate, with a constricted anterior corner and with the maxillary tooth row extending to a level below its midpoint; high neural spines on dorsal vertebrae.