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Epitonium (Boreoscala)

Gastropoda - Epitoniidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1905Boreoscala Kobelt p. 23
1908Catenoscala Dall p. 80
1909Epitonium (Catenoscala) Dall
1937Epitonium (Boreoscala) Durham p. 493
1944Epitonium (Boreoscala) Durham p. 156
1967Boreoscala Abbass p. 43
1972Epitonium (Boreoscala) Ladd p. 51
1980Epitonium (Boreoscala) Hickman p. 26
2002Boreoscala Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Catenoscala Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Epitonium (Boreoscala) Oleinik and Marincovich Jr p. 40

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
Ptenoglossa(Gray 1853)
superfamilyEpitonioidea(Berry 1910)
familyEpitoniidaeBerry 1910
genusEpitoniumBolten 1798
subgenusBoreoscala(Kobelt 1905)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. W. Durham 1937Shell usually large, heavy; with prominent varices that cross basal keel and continue to aperture; distinct axial sculpture; basal disk present, rather indistinct, bounded by a well-marked keel; aperture oval, outer lip thickened by last varix, inner lip thin; anterior auricle present