|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Gastropoda - Epitoniidae
It was reranked as Epitonium (Boreoscala) by Durham (1937), Durham (1944), Ladd (1972), Hickman (1980) and Oleinik and Marincovich (2003).
It was assigned to Scalidae by Abbass (1967); to Neotaenioglossa by Sepkoski (2002); and to Epitonium by Durham (1937), Durham (1944), Ladd (1972), Hickman (1980) and Oleinik and Marincovich (2003).
|Year||Name and author|
|1905||Boreoscala Kobelt p. 23|
|1908||Catenoscala Dall p. 80|
|1909||Epitonium (Catenoscala) Dall|
|1937||Epitonium (Boreoscala) Durham p. 493|
|1944||Epitonium (Boreoscala) Durham p. 156|
|1967||Boreoscala Abbass p. 43|
|1972||Epitonium (Boreoscala) Ladd p. 51|
|1980||Epitonium (Boreoscala) Hickman p. 26|
|2002||Boreoscala Sepkoski, Jr.|
|2002||Catenoscala Sepkoski, Jr.|
|2003||Epitonium (Boreoscala) Oleinik and Marincovich Jr p. 40|
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|J. W. Durham 1937||Shell usually large, heavy; with prominent varices that cross basal keel and continue to aperture; distinct axial sculpture; basal disk present, rather indistinct, bounded by a well-marked keel; aperture oval, outer lip thickened by last varix, inner lip thin; anterior auricle present|