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Clathrus

Gastropoda - Epitoniidae

Taxonomy
Clathrus was named by Oken (1815) [Sepkoski's age data: T Eo R]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Scala (Clathrus) by Vredenburg (1928) and Mandic et al. (2002); it was reranked as Epitonium (Clathrus) by Durham (1937), Gardner (1947), Gardner (1948) and Ladd (1972).

It was assigned to Gastropoda by Oken (1815); to Epitonium by Durham (1937), Gardner (1947), Gardner (1948) and Ladd (1972); to Scala by Vredenburg (1928) and Mandic et al. (2002); to Neotaenioglossa by Sepkoski (2002); and to Epitoniidae by Brown and Neville (2015).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Clathrus Oken p. 36
1815Chlathrus Oken p. 256
1928Scala (Clathrus) Vredenburg p. 401
1937Epitonium (Clathrus) Durham p. 485
1947Epitonium (Clathrus) Gardner p. 577
1948Epitonium (Clathrus) Gardner p. 208
1972Epitonium (Clathrus) Ladd p. 51
2002Scala (Clathrus) Mandic et al. p. 300
2002Clathrus Sepkoski, Jr.
2015Clathrus Brown and Neville p. 21

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
RankNameAuthor
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
Ptenoglossa(Gray 1853)
superfamilyEpitonioidea(Berry 1910)
familyEpitoniidaeBerry 1910
genusClathrusOken 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. W. Durham 1937Shell of medium size, thin; sutures deep, whorls well rounded, non-umbilicate; axial varices prominent, usually reflexed, continuous from whorl to whorl, united at sutures; no spiral sculpture, basal disk or keel; aperture ovate, a small anterior notched auricle; peristome continuous, outer lip thickened by last varix. Living in Mediterranean, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans, in temperate and warm waters (Cossmann, 1912).
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Composition 2: low Mg calcitef
Locomotion: slow-movingf
Life habit: low-level epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2007-02-05 23:13:43
Modified: 2011-09-22 17:20:39
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Beu et al. 1990

Age range: base of the Lutetian to the top of the Gelasian or 47.80000 to 1.80600 Ma

Collections (21 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3France Scala falunica (65072)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Japan (Saga) C. submaculosus (204551)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Pakistan Scala gajensis (77169 77170 77171 77459)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97India (Gujarat) C. gajensis (179086)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France (Centre) Scala falunica (179581)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Fiji Epitonium sp. A (68314)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Germany (North Rhein-Westfalia) Epitonium clathrus (61898 61900 62886)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland (Holy Cross Mountains) Scala exspectata, Scala kunstleri, Scala parilis, Scala sp. (38823)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Austria Scala spinosa (74654)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Belgium (Antwerp) Scala subulata (179597)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806USA (North Carolina) C. antillarum (71138)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781USA (Florida) C. antillarum, C. junceum, C. obtusum, C. rupicolum (79331) C. sp. (41718)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781United Kingdom (England) C. clathratus (97967 97968 97969)