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Gavialoidea

Reptilia -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1849Crocodilus basifissus Owen
1849Crocodilus basitruncatus Owen
1851Crocodilus fastigiatus Leidy p. 327
1852Thoracosaurus grandis Leidy p. 35
1865Crocodilus obscurus Leidy
1865Crocodilus tenebrosus Leidy
1869Holopsisuchus cordatus Cope
1869Thoracosaurus glyptodon Cope
1869Holops glyptodon Cope p. 74
1869Holops obscurus Cope p. 75
1869Holops tenebrosus Cope p. 78
1869Thecachampsa squankensis Marsh
1870Holops basitruncatus Cope p. 231
1872Holopsisuchus pneumaticus Cope
1872Thecachampsa serratus Cope
1872Thecachampsa squankensis Cope p. 17
1895Crocodilus marylandicus Clarke
1924Thoracosaurus basitruncatus Troedsson
1925Thoracosaurus basifissus Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus basitruncatus Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus cordatus Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus glyptodon Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus grandis Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus obscurus Troxell
1925Thoracosaurus pneumaticus Troxell
1997Gavialoidea Brochu
2004Gavialoidea Brochu p. 611
2004Gavialoidea Hua and Jouve p. 341
2006Gavialoidea Brochu p. 167
2006Gavialoidea Salisbury et al. p. 2444
2009Gavialoidea Brochu et al. p. 538
2010Gavialoidea Martin et al.
2014Gavialoidea Farke et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
RankNameAuthor
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
Pseudosuchia(Zittel 1890)
SuchiaKrebs 1974
Paracrocodylomorpha
Loricata(Merrem 1820)
Crocodylomorpha()
suborderCrocodyliformes
MesoeucrocodyliaWhetstone and Whybrow 1983
NeosuchiaClark 1988
suborderEusuchiaHuxley 1875
Crocodylia(Owen 1842)
superfamilyGavialoideaBrochu 1997
superfamilyGavialoideaBrochu 1997

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Diet: carnivoreuc
Created: 2009-01-03 20:38:59
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:38:59
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Barremian to the top of the Pleistocene or 129.40000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (157 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) Gavialoidea indet. (99337)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (127182)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (35289)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Thoracosaurus sp. (36449)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (Tennessee) Eothoracosaurus mississippiensis (108937 108938)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Thoracosaurus mullicensis, Holops glyptodon (52504)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Thoracosaurus sp. (27014 122240 153368)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0France Thoracosaurus macrorhynchus, Thoracosaurus isorhynchus (195628)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Thoracosaurus sp. (57916)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (27563 27564 27565 83331)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (45099 45102 45109 45111 45118 45128 45130 45136 45137 45144 45299 45381)
Maastrichtian - Danian72.1 - 61.6USA (New Jersey) Thoracosaurus sp. (124938)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Ukraine Thoracosaurus borissiaki (86755)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (108936)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Thoracosaurus sp. (45844)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (14610)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Thoracosaurus macrorhynchus (90778)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Morocco Ocepesuchus eoafricanus (114103)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Haute-Garonne) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (67196 118194 148954)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Crocodilus obscurus, Holops glyptodon (167780) Hyposaurus fraterculus, Crocodilus obscurus (87902) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (129264) Thoracosaurus sp. (167531) Thoracosaurus sp., Thoracosaurus meirsanus (88034)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (48876)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Thoracosaurus sp. (26819)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7Poland (Lublin) Thoracosaurus sp. (142340)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (South Carolina) Thoracosaurus sp. (115148 115152)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Sweden Thoracosaurus scanicus (90576)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Morocco Argochampsa krebsi (114104 114105)
Danian - Thanetian66.0 - 56.0Morocco Argochampsa krebsi (114149)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (Virginia) Eosuchus minor (123515)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0France (Nord) Eosuchus lerichei (113770)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Eosuchus minor (123511) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis, Thoracosaurus basitruncatus, Thoracosaurus basifissus (3113)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (Maryland) Eosuchus minor (123514)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (South Carolina) Thoracosaurus sp. (15074)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (New Jersey) Gavialis minor (123513)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (New Jersey) Thoracosaurus neocesariensis, Crocodilus basitruncatus (125091)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Eosuchus lerichei, Thoracosaurus neocesariensis (15595)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Peru (Loreto) Gavialoidea indet. (144474 176129)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Western Sahara Gavialoidea indet. (175734)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Tomistoma africanum (79700)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Thailand Eosuchus lerichei (49078)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt (Fayum) Tomistoma gavialoides (65960)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Puerto Rico Aktiogavialis puertoricensis (143057)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176148)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Peru (Loreto) Gavialoidea indet. (176130 176147)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176149)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) Gavialoidea indet. (58454 65162 65163)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Panama Dadagavialis gunai (196739 196740)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176127)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Colombia (La Guajira) Gavialoidea indet. (176825)
MN 222.4 - 20.0Pakistan (Balochistan) Gavialis curvirostris (77777)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Colombia (Guajira) Gavialoidea indet. (176826)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Colombia (La Guajira) Gavialoidea indet. (176824)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Pakistan (Sindh) Gavialis new species (148388)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Crocodilia indet. (57007)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Venezuela (Lara) Gryposuchus sp., Siquisiquesuchus sp. (189440) Siquisiquesuchus sp. (193999 194000 194002) Siquisiquesuchus venezuelensis (143603)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Venezuela (Falcon) Tomistominae indet. (43063)
Burdigalian - Tortonian20.44 - 7.246France Gavialis sp. (187580)
MN 320.0 - 16.9Pakistan (Balochistan) Gavialis curvirostris, Gavialis breviceps (77779)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Egypt Gavialis sp. (53970)
Friasian16.3 - 15.5Colombia Gryposuchus colombianus (13739 13758)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Nepal Gavialis sp. (48681 48696 48706)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Venezuela (Falcon) Ikanogavialis gameroi (147466)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Peru (Maynas) Gavialoidea indet. (166767 166768 166769) Gryposuchus pachakamue (179000 179001)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176135)
Laventan13.8 - 11.8Colombia (Tolima) Gavialis colombianus (143780 143781)
Laventan13.8 - 11.8Colombia Gryposuchus colombianus (153822 153823 153824)
Laventan13.8 - 11.8Peru Gryposuchus colombianus (107992)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Eogavialis andrewsi (22241)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Brazil (Acre) Gryposuchus sp., Gryposuchus jessei (55602)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Brazil (Amazonas) Gryposuchus jessei (195449)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Venezuela (Falcón) Aktiogavialis caribesi (196742)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru Piscogavialis jugaliperforatus (183918)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Iraq Gavialis sp. (41735)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333India Gavialis browni (144099)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Peru (Maynas) Gryposuchus sp. (166770)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176128 176133 176143 176156)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi) Ikanogavialis sp. (144176)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela (Falcon) Gavialoidea indet. (183010) Gryposuchus croizati (136777 143321) Gryposuchus sp. (147465) Ikanogavialis gameroi (147463) Ikanogavialis gameroi, Gryposuchus croizati (136776) Thecachampsa sp. 2 (147464)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) Gavialis sp. (144187)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Venezuela (Falcón) Gryposuchus jessei, Gryposuchus croizati (63520)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Peru Gavialoidea indet. (176132)
Huayquerian9.0 - 6.8Argentina (Entre Rios) Gryposuchus neogaeus (55600)
Huayquerian9.0 - 6.8Brazil (Acre) Ikanogavialis sp. (136717)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Peru Piscogavialis jugaliperforatus (13079 46084)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India (Punjab) Gavialis lewisi (34845 34846 34847)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Ethiopia Tomistoma brumpti (153775)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588India Gavialis browni (39209 39210)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (Sulawesi) Gavialis sp. (93525)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia (Jawa Timur) Gavialis bengawanicus (144105 144107 144108 144109 144119)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Indonesia Gavialis bengawanicus (93522)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) Gavialis bengawanicus (143885)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Indonesia Gavialis bengawanicus (144106)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Brazil (Acre) Gryposuchus sp. (65143)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0India Gavialis gangeticus (28180)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Indonesia (Jawa Timur) Gavialis bengawanicus (93521)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0India (West Bengal) Gavialis sp. (13456)