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Protoceratinae

Mammalia - Ungulata - Protoceratidae

Taxonomy
Protoceratinae is a subfamily. It is not extant. Its type is Protoceras. It was considered paraphyletic by Prothero (1998) and Webb et al. (2003).

It was assigned to Agriochoeridae by Hay (1902); to Hypertragulidae by Matthew (1908); and to Protoceratidae by Webb (1981), Prothero (1998), Webb et al. (2003) and Prothero and Ludtke (2007).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1902Protoceratinae Hay p. 673
1908Protoceratinae Matthew p. 561
1981Protoceratinae Webb p. 363
1998Protoceratinae Prothero p. 434
2003Protoceratinae Webb et al. p. 349
2007Protoceratinae Prothero and Ludtke p. 172

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
familyProtoceratidae
subfamilyProtoceratinae
subfamilyProtoceratinae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available