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Palaelodidae (swimming flamingo)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Palaelodidae

Taxonomy
Paloelodidae was named by Stejneger (1885) [Stejnger (1885) originally spelled the family name (based on the genus Palaelodus) Palaelodontidae. Brodkorb (1961) corrected this to Palaelodidae based on etymology of genus name.]. Its type is Palaelodus.

It was misspelled as Palaelodidae by Howard (1972); it was corrected as Palaelodidae by Wetmore (1960), Brodkorb (1961), Sangster (2005) and Worthy et al. (2010).

It was assigned to Phoenicopteri by Wetmore (1960); and to Phoenicopteriformes by Howard (1955), Brodkorb (1961), Howard (1972), Sangster (2005) and Worthy et al. (2010).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1885Paloelodidae Stejneger p. 23
1955Paloelodidae Howard p. 23
1960Palaelodidae Wetmore p. 25
1961Palaelodidae Brodkorb
1972Palaelodidae Howard p. 8
2005Palaelodidae Sangster p. 613
2010Palaelodidae Worthy et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
RankNameAuthor
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
orderPhoenicopteriformes
familyPalaelodidae(Stejneger 1885)
familyPalaelodidae(Stejneger 1885)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Rupelian to the top of the Huayquerian or 33.90000 to 6.80000 Ma

Collections (16 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt (Fayum) Palaelodus sp. (12954 12960)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Czech Republic Palaelodus ambiguus (61442) Palaelodus gracilipes, Palaelodus ambiguus, Palaelodus crassipes, Palaelodus minutus (61441) Palaelodus gracilipes, Palaelodus sp., Palaelodus ambiguus, Palaelodus minutus (61440)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Germany Megapaloelodus goliath (70332)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (South Dakota) Megapaloelodus connectens (17912)
Altonian19.0 - 15.9New Zealand (South Island) Palaelodus aotearoa (73690 153884)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (California) Megapaloelodus sp. (59059 197289)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Megapaloelodus connectens (74792)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Oregon) Megapaloelodus opsigonus (18818)
Huayquerian9.0 - 6.8Argentina (Entre Rios) Megapaloelodus sp. (55600)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Mexico (Baja California) Megapaloelodus opsigonus (13090 45458)