Classification of Korn and Klug 2002

Subcl. †Ammonoidea Zittel 1884 [ammonite]
show all
Or. †Agoniatitida Ruzhencev 1957
hide
Subor. †Agoniatitina Ruzhencev 1957
hide
Superfm. †Agoniatitaceae Holzapfel 1899
+
Fm. †Agoniatitidae Holzapfel 1899
+
Subfm. †Agoniatitinae Holzapfel 1899
+
G. †Achguigites Klug 2002
+
G. †Agoniatites Meek 1877
+
Agoniatites annulatus Maurer 1876
Agoniatites aplanatus Petter 1959
Agoniatites barroisi Frech 1902
Agoniatites bicanaliculatus Sandberger and Sandberger 1856
Agoniatites costulatus d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
+
Invalid names: Aphyllites acutus Sobolev 1909 [synonym], Goniatites crassus Holzapfel 1895 [synonym], Goniatites euryomphalus Holzapfel 1895 [synonym], Goniatites roemeri Holzapfel 1882 [synonym]
Agoniatites evexus von Buch 1832
+
Invalid names: Agoniatites urfensis Correns 1923 [synonym]
Agoniatites expansus Vanuxem 1842
+
Invalid names: Goniatites vanuxemi Hall 1879 [synonym]
Agoniatites floweri Miller 1938
Agoniatites fulguralis Whidborne 1890
+
Invalid names: Goniatites pentangularis Whidborne 1890 [synonym]
Agoniatites holzapfeli Wedekind 1918
Agoniatites intermedius Flower 1936
Agoniatites nodiferus Hall 1886
Agoniatites obliquus Whidborne 1890
+
Invalid names: Agoniatites complanatus Wedekind 1918 [synonym], Agoniatites oxynotus Wedekind 1918 [synonym]
Agoniatites oliveri House 1978
Agoniatites phillipsi Wedekind 1918
Agoniatites punctatus Conrad 1838
Agoniatites tetrolcus Ruan 1981
Agoniatites transitorius Phillips 1841
G. †Fidelites Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Fidelites clariondi Petter 1959
Fidelites fidelis Barrande 1865
Fidelites kayseri Wedekind 1918
Fidelites lateumbilicatus Wolburg 1933
Fidelites occultus Barrande 1865
Fidelites pinguior Chlupac and Turek 1977
Fidelites ruppachensis Kayser 1879
+
Invalid names: Goniatites vittatum Kayser 1879 [synonym]
Fidelites termieri Termier and Termier 1950
Fidelites verna Barrande 1865
G. †Parafidelites Klug 2002
+
G. †Paraphyllites Hyatt 1900
+
Paraphyllites tabuloides Barrande 1865
G. †Pseudofidelites Klug 2002
+
Subfm. †Sellagoniatitinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Sellagoniatites House 1963
+
Sellagoniatites erbeni Göddertz 1987
Sellagoniatites jacksoni House and Pedder 1963
+
Invalid names: Goniatites discoides Waldschmidt 1885 [replaced]
Fm. †Atlantoceratidae Korn 2001
+
G. †Atlantoceras Bensaid 1974
+
Atlantoceras tataense Bensaid 1974
G. †Meragoniatites Korn 2001
+
Fm. †Pinacitidae Hyatt 1900
+
Subfm. †Foorditinae Klug 2002
+
G. †Foordites Wedekind 1918
+
Foordites buttsi Miller 1938
Foordites platypleura Frech 1889
Foordites succedens Chlupac and Turek 1983
Foordites veniens Chlupac and Turek 1983
G. †Mimotornoceras Klug 2002
+
Mimotornoceras djemeli Petter 1955
Mimotornoceras numismale Petter 1955
G. †Pseudofoordites Bogoslovsky 1959
+
Pseudofoordites hyperboreus Bogoslovsky 1959
Subfm. †Pinacitinae Hyatt 1900
+
G. †Exopinacites Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Exopinacites singularis Chlupac and Turek 1983
G. †Pinacites Mojsisovics 1882
+
Pinacites eminens Chlupac and Turek 1977
Pinacites irideus Frech 1902
Pinacites jugleri Roemer 1843
+
Invalid names: Goniatites emaciatus Barrande 1865 [synonym]
Fm. †Tamaritidae Korn 2001
+
G. †Tamarites Bogoslovsky 1965
+
Tamarites subitus Bogoslovsky 1965
Superfm. †Mimagoniatitaceae Miller 1938
+
Fm. †Auguritidae Bogoslovsky 1961
+
Subfm. †Auguritinae Bogoslovsky 1961
+
G. †Celaeceras Sepkoski, Jr. 2002
+
Celaeceras mirandum Bogoslovsky 1961
Celaeceras praematurum Barrande 1877
Invalid names: Augurites [synonym]
G. †Gaurites Bogoslovsky 1984
+
Gaurites sperandus Bogoslovsky 1984
G. †Weyeroceras Klug 2001
+
Weyeroceras angustus Klug 2001
Subfm. †Parentitinae Bogoslovsky 1980
+
G. †Kimoceras Bogoslovsky 1980
+
Kimoceras lentiforme Bogoslovsky 1980
G. †Parentites Bogoslovsky 1961
+
Parentites praecursor Bogoslovsky 1961
Fm. †Latanarcestidae Korn 2001
+
G. †Chlupacites Becker and House 1994
+
Chlupacites kayai Kullmann 1973
Chlupacites praeceps Chlupac and Turek 1983
Chlupacites uralensis Bogoslovsky 1969
G. †Latanarcestes Schindewolf 1933
+
Latanarcestes noeggerathi von Buch 1832
Latanarcestes ventroplanus Bogoslovsky 1969
G. †Mimanarcestes Bogoslovsky 1969
+
Mimanarcestes nalivkini Bogoslovsky 1969
Fm. †Mimagoniatitidae Miller 1938
+
G. †Amoenophyllites Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Amoenophyllites amoenus Barrande 1865
G. †Archanarcestes Becker and House 1994
+
Archanarcestes boreus Bogoslovsky 1972
Archanarcestes kakvensis Bogoslovsky 1961
Archanarcestes obesus Erben 1960
Archanarcestes pronini Bogoslovsky 1969
G. †Mimagoniatites Eichenberg 1930
+
Mimagoniatites angulostriatus Bogoslovsky 1969
Mimagoniatites bohemicus Barrande 1865
Mimagoniatites erbeni Kullmann 1960
Mimagoniatites fecundus Barrande 1865
+
Invalid names: Goniatites zorgensis Roemer 1866 [synonym]
Mimagoniatites janus Erben 1960
Mimagoniatites kolymensis Bogoslovsky 1969
Mimagoniatites tabuliformis Kullmann 1960
G. †Rherisites Klug 2001
+
Rherisites tuba Klug 2001
Superfm. †Mimosphinctaceae Erben 1953
+
Fm. †Mimoceratidae Steinmann 1890
+
G. †Gyroceratites Meyer 1831
+
Gyroceratites circularis Barrande 1865
Gyroceratites glaber Bogoslovsky 1961
Gyroceratites gracilis Bronn 1835
+
Invalid names: Ammonites compressus Beyrich 1837 [synonym], Goniatites ambigena Barrande 1865 [synonym]
Gyroceratites laevis Eichenberg 1931
Gyroceratites pallantianus Montesinos and Truyols-Massoni 1987
Invalid names: Aphyllites Mojsisovics 1882 [synonym], Lamelloceras Erben 1960 [synonym], Mimoceras Hyatt 1884 [synonym]
G. †Lenzites Becker and House 1994
+
Lenzites gesinae Klug 2001
Lenzites lenzi House and Pedder 1963
Fm. †Mimosphinctidae Erben 1953
+
Subfm. †Anetoceratinae Ruzhencev 1957
+
G. †Anetoceras Schindewolf 1934
+
Anetoceras arduennense Steininger 1853
Anetoceras elegans Yatskov 1990
Anetoceras ellipticum Shen 1975
Anetoceras medvezhense Yatskov 1990
Invalid names: Borivites Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Luofoceras Ruan 1996 [synonym], Teneroceras Chlupac and Turek 1983 [synonym]
G. †Erbenoceras Bogoslovsky 1962
+
Erbenoceras advolvens Erben 1960
+
Invalid names: Gyroceras tenue Barrande 1865 [synonym], Kokenia filalense Termier and Termier 1950 [synonym]
Erbenoceras circum Ruan 1981
Erbenoceras erbeni House 1965
Erbenoceras khanakasuense Yatskov 1990
Erbenoceras kimi Bogoslovsky 1980
Erbenoceras sabolotnense Yatskov 1990
Erbenoceras solitarium Barrande 1865
+
Invalid names: Gyroceras fritschi Barrande 1877 [synonym], Trochoceras barrandei Verneuil 1866 [synonym]
Invalid names: Haletoceras Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
G. †Kokenia Holzapfel 1895
+
Kokenia obliquecostata Holzapfel 1895
Kokenia tenuissima Chlupac and Turek 1977
G. †Metabactrites Bogoslovsky 1972
+
Metabactrites formosus Bogoslovsky 1972
G. †Ruanites Yatskov 1990
+
Ruanites cirratus Ruan 1981
Ruanites luofensis Ruan 1981
Ruanites obliquecostatus Ruan and He 1974
Ruanites oriens Chlupac and Turek 1983
Ruanites patulus Ruan 1981
Ruanites rareplicatus Ruan and He 1974
Ruanites recticostatus Erben 1962
Ruanites serpentinus Ruan 1981
Ruanites subtilis Ruan 1981
Subfm. †Mimosphinctinae Erben 1953
+
G. †Chebbites Klug 2001
+
Chebbites lissovi Bogoslovsky 1963
Chebbites mattei Feist 1970
Chebbites nantanensis Shen 1975
Chebbites pyshmensis Bogoslovsky 1969
Chebbites reisdorfi Klug 2001
Chebbites undosus Klug 2001
G. †Mimosphinctes Eichenberg 1931
+
Mimosphinctes bipartitus Eichenberg 1931
Mimosphinctes cantabricus Kullmann 1960
Mimosphinctes erbeni Bogoslovsky 1980
Mimosphinctes rudicostatus Bogoslovsky 1980
Mimosphinctes tenuicostatus Bogoslovsky 1963
Mimosphinctes tripartitus Eichenberg 1931
Mimosphinctes zlichovensis Chlupac and Turek 1977
G. †Talenticeras Erben 1965
+
Talenticeras talenti Erben 1965
Fm. †Teicherticeratidae Bogoslovsky 1969
+
Subfm. †Palaeogoniatitinae Klug 2001
+
G. †Convoluticeras Erben 1960
+
Convoluticeras flexuosum Bogoslovsky 1984
Convoluticeras nikolaevi Bogoslovsky 1969
Convoluticeras tenue Bogoslovsky 1961
Invalid names: Laganites Bogoslovsky 1961 [synonym], Taskanites Bogoslovsky 1969 [synonym]
G. †Fasciculoceras Bogoslovsky 1969
+
Fasciculoceras uralense Bogoslovsky 1969
G. †Irdanites Klug 2001
+
Irdanites aphelus Ruan 1981
Irdanites kaufmanni Klug 2001
Irdanites korni Klug 2001
Irdanites leptus Ruan 1981
G. †Palaeogoniatites Hyatt 1900
+
Palaeogoniatites imago Erben 1965
Palaeogoniatites lituus Barrande 1865
Subfm. †Teicherticeratinae Bogoslovsky 1969
+
G. †Gracilites Bogoslovsky 1972
+
Gracilites nevadensis Miller 1938
Gracilites svetlanae Bogoslovsky 1972
Gracilites talyndzhensis Yatskov 1992
G. †Teicherticeras Erben 1960
+
Teicherticeras buluti Erben 1965
Teicherticeras coskuni Erben 1965
Teicherticeras discus Erben 1953
Teicherticeras erbeni Bogoslovsky 1963
Teicherticeras planum Bogoslovsky 1980
Teicherticeras senior Chlupac and Turek 1983
Teicherticeras teicherti Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Invalid names: Gyroceratites desideratus Teichert 1948 [replaced]
Invalid names: Teicherticeras (Teicherticeras) Erben 1960 [invalid subgroup]
Subor. †Anarcestina Miller and Furnish 1954
hide
Superfm. †Anarcestaceae Steinmann 1890
+
Fm. †Anarcestidae Steinmann 1890
+
G. †Anarcestes Mojsisovics 1882
+
Anarcestes applanatus Frech 1897
Anarcestes densistriatus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Anarcestes lateseptatus Beyrich 1837
Anarcestes latissimus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Anarcestes lunatus Eichenberg 1930
Anarcestes plebeius Barrande 1865
Anarcestes podolicus Siemiradzki 1906
Anarcestes praecursor Frech 1897
Anarcestes simulans Barrande 1865
G. †Paranarcestes Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Paranarcestes chalix Klug 2002
Paranarcestes hollardi Becker and House 1994
Paranarcestes pictus Chlupac and Turek 1983
G. †Sellanarcestes Schindewolf 1933
+
Sellanarcestes certus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Sellanarcestes cognatus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Sellanarcestes crassior Walliser 1965
Sellanarcestes eos Klug 2002
Sellanarcestes neglectus Barrande 1865
Sellanarcestes perfectus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Sellanarcestes solus Barrande 1865
Sellanarcestes tenuior Walliser 1965
Invalid names: Anarcestinae Steinmann 1890 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Cabrieroceratidae Korn 2002
+
G. †Cabrieroceras Bogoslovsky 1961
+
Cabrieroceras alonsoi Montesinos 1988
Cabrieroceras mardonesae Montesinos 1988
Cabrieroceras rouvillei Koenen 1886
+
Invalid names: Anarcestes karpinskyi Holzapfel 1895 [synonym]
G. †Clarkeoceras Wedekind 1918
+
Clarkeoceras umbonale Wedekind 1918
G. †Wendtia Klug 2002
+
Wendtia ougarta Petter 1959
+
Invalid names: Cabrieroceras devians Chlupac and Turek 1983 [synonym]
Fm. †Sobolewiidae House 1989
+
G. †Holzapfeloceras Miller 1932
+
Holzapfeloceras beushauseni Wedekind 1918
Holzapfeloceras circumflexiferum Sandberger and Sandberger 1852
Holzapfeloceras convolutum Holzapfel 1895
Holzapfeloceras denckmanni Holzapfel 1895
Holzapfeloceras inversum Wedekind 1918
Holzapfeloceras primum Chlupac and Turek 1983
G. †Sobolewia Wedekind 1918
+
Sobolewia cancellata d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Sobolewia convoluta Sandberger and Sandberger 1852
Sobolewia globulare Petter 1959
Sobolewia inexpectata Frech 1887
Sobolewia inflata Termier and Termier 1950
Sobolewia micromphala Roemer 1850
Sobolewia nuciformis Whidborne 1889
Sobolewia rotella Holzapfel 1895
Sobolewia virginiana House 1962
G. †Subanarcestes Schindewolf 1933
+
Subanarcestes bisulcatus Bogoslovsky 1969
Subanarcestes erfoudensis Termier and Termier 1955
Subanarcestes jahni Chlupac and Turek 1983
Subanarcestes macrocephalus Schindewolf 1933
Subanarcestes marhoumensis Göddertz 1987
Invalid names: Holzapfeloceratidae Becker and House 2000 [synonym]
Fm. †Werneroceratidae Erben 1964
+
G. †Crispoceras Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Crispoceras crispum Barrande 1865
Crispoceras hanusi Chlupac and Turek 1983
Crispoceras staufferi Sweet and Miller 1956
G. †Diallagites Klug 2002
+
Diallagites altaicus Bogoslovsky 1958
Diallagites globosus Klug 2002
Diallagites maniensis Montesinos 1987
Diallagites simone Klug 2002
Diallagites socolicus Bogoslovsky 1958
Diallagites testatus Chlupac and Turek 1983
Diallagites wenkenbachiformis Bogoslovsky 1958
G. †Praewerneroceras Chlupac and Turek 1983
+
Praewerneroceras suchomastense Chlupac and Turek 1983
G. †Werneroceras Wedekind 1918
+
Werneroceras bobrovkense Bogoslovsky 1969
Werneroceras carinatum Petter 1959
Werneroceras subnautilinum von Buch 1832
+
Invalid names: Goniatites subnautilinus vittiger Sandberger and Sandberger 1852 [synonym]
Werneroceras subumbonale Wedekind 1918
Werneroceras uralicum Bogoslovsky 1959
Invalid names: Werneroceras (Werneroceras) Wedekind 1918 [invalid subgroup]
Subor. †Gephuroceratina Ruzhencev 1957
hide
Superfm. †Belocerataceae Hyatt 1884
+
Fm. †Acanthoclymeniidae Schindewolf 1955
+
G. †Acanthoclymenia Hyatt 1900
+
Acanthoclymenia forcipifer Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
Acanthoclymenia planorbis Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
G. †Probeloceras Clarke 1898
+
Probeloceras accelerans Clarke 1899
Probeloceras erato Hall 1861
Probeloceras lutheri Clarke 1885
+
Invalid names: Gephyroceras holzapfeli Clarke 1899 [synonym]
Probeloceras nundaia Hall 1874
Probeloceras strix Kirchgasser 1975
Probeloceras tetragonum Roemer 1850
G. †Prochorites Clausen 1969
+
Prochorites alveolatus Glenister 1958
Fm. †Beloceratidae Hyatt 1884
+
G. †Beloceras Hyatt 1884
+
Beloceras praecursor Frech 1902
Beloceras stenumbilicatum Bogoslovsky 1958
Beloceras tenuistriatum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
+
Invalid names: Ammonites multilobatus Beyrich 1837 [replaced], Beloceras bogoslovskyi Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Beloceras gallicum Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Beloceras glenisteri Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Beloceras petterae Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Beloceras ruani Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Beloceras shidianensis Yang 1984 [synonym], Beloceras termieri Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Ceratobeloceras schulzi House and Kirchgasser 1985 [synonym], Goniatites sagittarius Sandberger and Sandberger 1851 [synonym]
Invalid names: Beloceras (Beloceras) Hyatt 1884 [invalid subgroup], Ceratobeloceras House and Kirchgasser 1985 [synonym], Idiobeloceras Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
G. †Eobeloceras Schindewolf 1936
+
Eobeloceras multiseptatum von Buch 1832
G. †Merzougites Klug 2002
G. †Mesobeloceras Glenister 1958
+
Mesobeloceras acutodorsatum Dybczinski 1913
Mesobeloceras acutum Chao 1956
+
Invalid names: Chaoceras chaoi Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
Mesobeloceras boreale Yatskov 1984
Mesobeloceras denckmanni Wedekind 1913
Mesobeloceras kayseri Holzapfel 1882
Mesobeloceras subacutum Petter 1958
Mesobeloceras thomasi Glenister 1958
Invalid names: Atopobeloceras Yatskov 1990 [synonym], Sinobeloceras Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
G. †Naplesites Yatskov 1990
+
Naplesites housei Montesinos and Henn 1986
Naplesites iynx Clarke 1898
+
Invalid names: Chaoceras clarkei Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
Naplesites naplesensis Clarke 1898
Invalid names: Chaoceras Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
Invalid names: Beloceratinae Hyatt 1884 [invalid subgroup], Sinobeloceratinae Yatskov 1990 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Nordiceratidae Korn 2002
+
G. †Nordiceras Bogoslovsky 1955
+
Nordiceras timanicum Holzapfel 1899
Superfm. †Gephurocerataceae Frech 1897
+
Fm. †Devonopronoritidae Bogoslovsky 1958
+
G. †Devonopronorites Bogoslovsky 1954
+
Devonopronorites ruzhencevi Bogoslovsky 1954
Fm. †Gephuroceratidae Frech 1897
+
Subfm. †Archoceratinae Aboussalam and Becker 2001
+
G. †Archoceras Schindewolf 1937
+
Archoceras angulatum Donovan 1943
Archoceras paeckelmanni Schindewolf 1938
Archoceras schlosseri Gallwitz 1938
Archoceras ussheri House 1963
Archoceras varicosum Drevermann 1901
+
Invalid names: Gephyroceras bickense Wedekind 1913 [synonym]
Archoceras wabashense Kindle 1901
Subfm. †Gephuroceratinae Frech 1897
+
G. †Clauseniceras Becker and House 1993
+
Clauseniceras delphiense Kindle 1901
Clauseniceras expectatum Wedekind 1913
Clauseniceras scheldense Matern 1931
Clauseniceras wedekindi Clausen 1969
G. †Crickites Wedekind 1913
+
Crickites altaicus Bogoslovsky 1958
Crickites cordiformis Miller 1938
+
Invalid names: Manticoceras septentrionale Miller 1938 [synonym]
Crickites holzapfeli Wedekind 1913
Crickites lindneri Glenister 1958
Crickites neverovi Bogoslovsky 1958
Crickites rickardi House and Kirchgasser 1993
G. †Delphiceras Becker and House 2000
+
Delphiceras cataphractum Clarke 1898
Invalid names: Delphinites Becker and House 1993 [replaced]
G. †Manticoceras Hyatt 1884
+
Manticoceras adorfense Wedekind 1913
Manticoceras ammon Keyserling 1844
Manticoceras apprimatum Clarke 1898
Manticoceras artum Bogoslovsky 1958
Manticoceras buchii d'Archiac and Verneuil 1842
Manticoceras carinatum Beyrich 1837
Manticoceras contractum Clarke 1898
Manticoceras cordatum Sandberger and Sandberger 1856
Manticoceras drevermanni Wedekind 1913
Manticoceras eliseevi Bogoslovsky 1958
Manticoceras guppyi Glenister 1958
Manticoceras intermedium Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
Manticoceras intumescens Beyrich 1837
Manticoceras inversum Wedekind 1913
Manticoceras kindlei Miller 1938
Manticoceras lamed Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
Manticoceras latisellatum Janischewsky 1926
Manticoceras lyaiolense Ljaschenko 1957
Manticoceras nodifer Clarke 1885
Manticoceras regulare Fenton and Fenton 1924
Manticoceras rugosum Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
Manticoceras schellwieni Wedekind 1913
Manticoceras sinuosum Hall 1843
+
Invalid names: Goniatites interruptus Rogers 1858 [synonym], Goniatites patersoni Hall 1860 [synonym]
Manticoceras stuckenbergi Tschernyschew 1885
Manticoceras tardum Clarke 1898
Manticoceras wurmii Roemer 1843
Invalid names: Gephuroceras Hyatt 1884 [synonym]
G. †Mixomanticoceras Becker et al. 1993
+
Mixomanticoceras exploratum Becker et al. 1993
G. †Playfordites Becker et al. 1993
+
Playfordites tripartitus Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
G. †Serramanticoceras Becker et al. 1993
+
Serramanticoceras serratum Steininger 1849
G. †Sphaeromanticoceras Clausen 1971
+
Sphaeromanticoceras affine Steininger 1849
+
Invalid names: Goniatites latidorsalis Sandberger and Sandberger 1851 [synonym]
Sphaeromanticoceras crassum Wedekind 1913
Sphaeromanticoceras solnzevi Ljaschenko 1957
G. †Timanoceras Bogoslovsky 1957
+
Timanoceras ellipsoidale Bogoslovsky 1957
+
Invalid names: Manticoceras affiniforme Ljaschenko 1957 [synonym]
Invalid names: Crickitinae Wedekind 1913 [synonym]
Subfm. †Maternoceratinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Maternoceras Clausen 1969
+
Maternoceras calculiforme Beyrich 1837
+
Invalid names: Goniatites discoides Trenkner 1867 [synonym], Goniatites quadratus Trenkner 1867 [synonym]
Maternoceras crassoides Matern 1931
+
Invalid names: Manticoceras calculiforme crassa Wedekind 1913 [synonym]
Maternoceras evolutum Petter 1959
Maternoceras gerolsteinense Steininger 1849
Maternoceras pedderi House 1963
Maternoceras retorquatum Glenister 1958
Maternoceras sandbergeri Wedekind 1913
Subfm. †Trimanticoceratinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Costamanticoceras Becker and House 1993
+
Costamanticoceras koeneni Holzapfel 1882
Costamanticoceras nodulosum Wedekind 1913
G. †Enseites Becker and House 1993
+
Enseites sulcatus Matern 1931
G. †Trimanticoceras House 1977
+
Trimanticoceras cinctum Glenister 1958
Trimanticoceras retrorsum von Buch 1832
Subfm. †Virginoceratinae Yatskov 1990
+
G. †Carinoceras Ljaschenko 1957
+
Carinoceras acutiforme Termier and Termier 1950
Carinoceras galeatum Wedekind 1913
Carinoceras ljaschenkoae Bogoslovsky 1969
Carinoceras menneri Ljaschenko 1957
Carinoceras oxy Clarke 1897
Carinoceras sororium Clarke 1898
Carinoceras vagans Clarke 1898
G. †Neomanticoceras Schindewolf 1936
+
+
Invalid names: Neomanticoceras clauseni Yatskov 1990 [synonym]
G. †Virginoceras Ruzhencev 1960
+
Virginoceras erraticum Glenister 1958
Fm. †Koenenitidae Becker and House 1993
+
G. †Hoeninghausia Gurich 1896
+
Hoeninghausia archiaci Gurich 1896
+
Invalid names: Goniatites hoeninghausi d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842 [replaced]
Hoeninghausia galeatus Matern 1931
Hoeninghausia koswensis Bogoslovsky 1969
Hoeninghausia nalivkini Ljaschenko 1956
Hoeninghausia pons Glenister 1958
Hoeninghausia uchtensis Ljaschenko 1956
Invalid names: Protimanites [synonym]
G. †Koenenites Wedekind 1913
+
Koenenites cooperi Miller 1938
Koenenites hoeninghausi von Buch 1832
Koenenites lamellosus Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
Koenenites styliophylus Clarke 1898
Koenenites sublamellosus Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
Koenenites uralensis Bogoslovsky 1969
G. †Komioceras Bogoslovsky 1958
+
Komioceras stuckenbergi Holzapfel 1899
G. †Timanites Mojsisovics 1882
+
Timanites angustus Glenister 1958
Timanites complanatus Petter 1959
Timanites keyserlingi Miller and Warren 1936
+
Invalid names: Timanites acutus Keyserling 1844 [replaced], Timanites occidentalis Miller and Warren 1936 [synonym]
Timanites meridionalis Petter 1959
Invalid names: Timanitinae Becker and House 1993 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Ponticeratidae Korn 2002
+
Subfm. †Gogoceratinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Gogoceras Becker et al. 1993
+
Gogoceras nicolli Becker et al. 1993
Subfm. †Ponticeratinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Ponticeras Matern 1929
+
Ponticeras acutilobatum Bogoslovsky 1958
Ponticeras aequabilis Beyrich 1837
Ponticeras altaicum Bogoslovsky 1958
Ponticeras auritum Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras bisulcatum Keyserling 1844
Ponticeras costulatum Petter 1959
Ponticeras discoidale Glenister 1958
Ponticeras domanicense Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras kayseri Wedekind 1918
Ponticeras keyserlingi Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras lebedeffi Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras orientale Bogoslovsky 1958
Ponticeras perlatum Hall 1874
Ponticeras platystoma Clausen 1969
Ponticeras prumiense Steininger 1853
Ponticeras regale Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras regulare Chao 1956
Ponticeras tschernyschewi Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras uchtense Keyserling 1844
Ponticeras uralicum Holzapfel 1899
Ponticeras wildungense Wildungensis 1885
G. †Pseudoprobeloceras Bensaïd 1974
+
Pseudoprobeloceras barroisi Wedekind 1918
Pseudoprobeloceras pernai Wedekind 1918
Pseudoprobeloceras pontiforme Termier and Termier 1950
G. †Uchtites Bogoslovsky 1958
+
Uchtites manticoides Becker and House 2000
Uchtites syrjanicus Holzapfel 1899
Invalid names: Chutoceras Becker and House 2000 [synonym]
Fm. †Taouzitidae Korn 2001
+
G. †Mzerrebites Becker and House 1994
+
Mzerrebites bifurcatus Paeckelmann 1922
+
Invalid names: Gephyroceras schwelmense Paeckelmann 1922 [synonym]
Mzerrebites erraticus Petter 1959
Mzerrebites kiliani Frech 1902
G. †Taouzites Korn 2001
+
Taouzites acutus Matern 1931
Taouzites palentinus Yatskov 1990
Taouzites taouzensis Termier and Termier 1950
Subor. †Pharciceratina Korn 1998
hide
Superfm. †Pharcicerataceae Hyatt 1900
+
Fm. †Maenioceratidae Bogoslovsky 1958
+
G. †Afromaenioceras Göddertz 1987
+
G. †Bensaidites Korn 2002
+
Bensaidites apertus Foord and Crick 1897
Bensaidites crassus Bensaid 1874
Bensaidites decheni Kayser 1872
Bensaidites excavatus Phillips 1841
Bensaidites intermedius Foord and Crick 1897
Bensaidites koeneni Frech 1902
Bensaidites molarius Whidborne 1889
G. †Maenioceras Schindewolf 1933
+
Maenioceras tenue Holzapfel 1895
Maenioceras terebratum Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
Invalid names: Maenioceras (Maenioceras) Schindewolf 1933 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Petteroceratidae Becker and House 1993
+
G. †Meropharciceras Becker and House 1993
+
G. †Petteroceras Bogoslovsky 1962
+
Petteroceras errans Petter 1959
Petteroceras feisti House and Kirchgasser 1985
Fm. †Pharciceratidae Hyatt 1900
+
G. †Lunupharciceras Korn 2002
+
Lunupharciceras arenicum Petter 1959
Lunupharciceras becheri von Buch 1832
Lunupharciceras lunulicosta Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
Lunupharciceras pargai Montesinos and Henn 1986
G. †Neopharciceras Bogoslovsky 1955
+
Neopharciceras kurbatovi Bogoslovsky 1955
Neopharciceras obscurum Bogoslovsky 1982
Neopharciceras rotundolobatum Bogoslovsky 1982
G. †Pharciceras Hyatt 1884
+
Pharciceras amplexum Hall 1886
Pharciceras bidentatum Petter 1959
Pharciceras flenderi Wedekind 1918
Pharciceras galeatum Wedekind 1918
Pharciceras tridens Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
+
Invalid names: Sphaeropharciceras sandbergerorum Bogoslovsky 1955 [synonym]
Pharciceras triphyllum Frech 1888
Invalid names: Sphaeropharciceras Bogoslovsky 1955 [synonym]
G. †Stenopharciceras Montesinos and Henn 1986
+
Stenopharciceras kseirense Termier and Termier 1950
G. †Synpharciceras Schindewolf 1940
+
Synpharciceras clavilobum Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
+
Invalid names: Pharciceras tafilense Termier and Termier 1950 [synonym]
Superfm. †Triainocerataceae Hyatt 1884
+
Fm. †Triainoceratidae Hyatt 1884
+
G. †Altayites Korn 2002
+
Altayites gerassimovi Bogoslovsky 1958
G. †Schindewolfoceras Miller 1938
+
Schindewolfoceras alcaldei Montesinos and Henn 1986
+
Triainoceras anguliferum Roemer 1850
Triainoceras costatum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
+
Invalid names: Sandbergeroceras acutum Termier and Termier 1950 [synonym]
Triainoceras incertum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Triainoceras syngonum Clarke 1897
Triainoceras tuberculosocostatum Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
+
Invalid names: Sandbergeroceras sandbergorum Miller 1938 [synonym]
Triainoceras tuberculosum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Invalid names: Sandbergeroceras Hyatt 1894 [synonym]
G. †Wellsites House and Kirchgasser 1993
+
Wellsites tynani House and Kirchgasser 1993
Wellsites williamsi Wells 1956
Invalid names: Sandbergeroceratidae Miller 1938 [synonym]
Or. †Goniatitida Hyatt 1884
hide
Subor. †Tornoceratina Wedekind 1918
hide
Superfm. †Prionocerataceae Hyatt 1884
+
Fm. †Cheiloceratidae Frech 1897
+
Subfm. †Cheiloceratinae Frech 1897
+
G. †Balacheiloceras Korn 2002
+
Balacheiloceras aequisellatum Schindewolf 1923
Balacheiloceras balapanense Bogoslovsky 1971
G. †Cheiloceras Frech 1897
+
Cheiloceras amblylobum Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras globulare Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Cheiloceras artum Bogoslovsky 1971
Cheiloceras bogoslovskyi Becker 1990
Cheiloceras depressum Sobolew 1914
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras lenticulare Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Cheiloceras evolutum Becker 1993
Cheiloceras hamolobum Becker 1993
Cheiloceras ovatolobum Babin 1966
Cheiloceras sacculum Sandberger 1851
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras praeglobosum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Cheiloceras subcostatum Sobolew 1914
Cheiloceras subpartitum Munster 1839
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras arcuatuvaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras atavum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras avaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras sinuvaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras subsinuvaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Invalid names: Eucheiloceras Schmidt 1921 [synonym]
G. †Dyscheiloceras Schmidt 1922
+
G. †Paratorleyoceras Bogoslovsky 1957
+
Paratorleyoceras globosum Munster 1832
+
Invalid names: Goniatites umbilicatus Sandberger 1851 [synonym]
Paratorleyoceras nehdene Kayser 1873
Paratorleyoceras petraeum Munster 1839
G. †Staffites Wedekind 1918
+
Staffites acutilobum Sobolew 1914
Staffites afrispinus Becker 1993
Staffites complanatus Matern 1931
Staffites curvispinus Sandberger and Sandberger 1850
Staffites cuspidatus Perna 1914
Staffites nalivkinae Bogoslovsky 1971
Staffites tumulosus Becker 1993
Invalid names: Centroceratos Strand 1929 [synonym], Cheiloceras (Centroceras) Wedekind 1908 [invalid subgroup]
Subfm. †Nehdenitinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Nehdenites Korn 2002
+
Nehdenites acrilobus Sobolew 1914
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras transversale Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Nehdenites circumflexus Sandberger 1851
Nehdenites cuneilobatus Bogoslovsky 1971
Nehdenites glabrus Sobolew 1914
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras praepolonicum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Nehdenites intermedius Schindewolf 1923
Nehdenites longilobus Sobolew 1914
Nehdenites parvilobus Petter 1959
Nehdenites planilobus Sandberger 1851
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras simplicissimum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Nehdenites polonicus Sobolew 1914
Nehdenites rotundus Sobolew 1914
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras inversum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras postinversum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Nehdenites schwarzkopfi Becker 1993
Nehdenites septatus Termier and Termier 1950
Nehdenites tenuis Sobolew 1914
Nehdenites undulosus Munster 1832
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras planisellatum Schindewolf 1923 [synonym], Goniatites sublaevis Munster 1832 [synonym]
Nehdenites verneuilii Munster 1839
+
Invalid names: Cheiloceras contrverneuili Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras discoidale Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras discotransversale Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras multivaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras subinversum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras sublentiforme Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Cheiloceras sublentitransversale Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
G. †Puncticeras Becker 1993
+
Puncticeras ajense Bogoslovsky 1971
Puncticeras anumbilicatum Schindewolf 1923
Puncticeras gastriforme Becker 1993
Puncticeras lagowiense Gurich 1900
Puncticeras ovatus Munster 1832
Puncticeras pompeckji Wedekind 1918
Puncticeras schmidti Petersen 1975
Puncticeras semiinversum Sobolew 1914
Puncticeras sublagowiense Sobolew 1914
Puncticeras ultimum Schindewolf 1923
G. †Torleyoceras Wedekind 1918
+
Torleyoceras altisellatum Wedekind 1908
Torleyoceras discoidale Sobolew 1914
Torleyoceras enkebergense Wedekind 1908
Torleyoceras oxyacantha Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
Torleyoceras pernai Bogoslovsky 1962
Fm. †Gattendorfiidae Bartzsch and Weyer 1987
Fm. †Maximitidae Ruzhencev 1960
Invalid names: Praeglyphiocerataceae Ruzhencev 1957 [synonym]
Superfm. †Tornocerataceae Arthaber 1911
+
Fm. †Kirsoceratidae Korn 2002
+
G. †Kirsoceras Bogoslovsky 1971
+
Kirsoceras costatum Perna 1914
Kirsoceras kayseri Drevermann 1901
Kirsoceras planum Perna 1914
Kirsoceras rotundatum Perna 1914
G. †Pernoceras Schindewolf 1922
+
Pernoceras crebriseptum Raymond 1909
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras douglassi Raymond 1909 [synonym]
Pernoceras curvatum Perna 1914
Pernoceras dorsatum Wedekind 1908
Pernoceras kochi Wedekind 1908
Pernoceras subtumidum Perna 1914
G. †Protornoceras Dybczynski 1913
+
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras umbilicatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Protornoceras evolutum Sobolew 1914
Protornoceras ornatum Dybczynski 1913
Protornoceras planilobum Sobolew 1914
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras angulatobatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras arcuatolobatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras avaricatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras flexuosum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras genulobatum Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
Protornoceras polonicum Dybczynski 1913
+
Invalid names: Polonoceras latum Dybczynski 1913 [synonym], Protornoceras aphyllitiforme Dybczynski 1913 [synonym], Protornoceras bilobatiforme Dybczynski 1913 [synonym], Protornoceras kielcense Dybczynski 1913 [synonym], Protornoceras siemiradzkii Dybczynski 1913 [synonym], Protornoceras zuberi Dybczynski 1913 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras simplicissimum Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras simplicius Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras umbilicatoides Sobolew 1914 [synonym]
G. †Tornia House 1970
+
Tornia alobata Sobolew 1914
Tornia mirabilis Dybczynski 1913
Fm. †Parodoceratidae Petter 1959
+
G. †Croyites Korn 2001
+
Croyites croyi House 1978
Croyites mesopleuron House 1965
Subfm. †Parodoceratinae Petter 1959
+
G. †Mithraxites Becker and House 1994
+
Mithraxites eberlei Sweet and Miller 1956
Mithraxites mithrax Hall 1860
G. †Parodiceras Hyatt 1884
+
Parodiceras brachystoma Petter 1959
Parodiceras holzapfeli Frech 1902
Parodiceras magnosellare Holzapfel 1895
G. †Trevoneites Becker and House 1994
+
Trevoneites assesi Göddertz 1987
Trevoneites foxi House 1963
Trevoneites westfalicum Holzapfel 1895
Subfm. †Wedekindellinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Wedekindella Schindewolf 1928
+
Wedekindella arata Whidborne 1890
Wedekindella brilonensis Kayser 1872
Invalid names: Parodiceras Wedekind 1913 [replaced], Parodicerellum Strand 1929 [objective synonym]
Fm. †Posttornoceratidae Bogoslovsky 1962
+
Subfm. †Discoclymeniinae Korn 2002
+
G. †Alpinites Bogoslovsky 1971
+
Alpinites kayseri Schindewolf 1923
G. †Discoclymenia Hyatt 1884
+
Discoclymenia cucullata von Buch 1832
+
Invalid names: Goniatites haueri Munster 1840 [synonym], Goniatites hercynicus Gumbel 1862 [synonym]
Discoclymenia seidlitzi Schindewolf 1924
Invalid names: Wedekindoceras Schindewolf 1923 [synonym]
Subfm. †Posttornoceratinae Bogoslovsky 1962
+
G. †Exotornoceras Becker 1993
+
Exotornoceras niedzwiedzkii Dybczynski 1913
Exotornoceras superstes Wedekind 1908
+
Invalid names: Manticoceras nehdense Lange 1929 [synonym]
G. †Posttornoceras Wedekind 1910
+
Posttornoceras balvei Wedekind 1910
Posttornoceras contiguum Munster 1832
Posttornoceras fallax Korn 2002
Posttornoceras glenisteri Petersen 1975
Posttornoceras posthumum Wedekind 1918
Posttornoceras sodalis Becker 1995
Posttornoceras weyeri Korn 1999
Fm. †Pseudoclymeniidae Becker 1993
+
G. †Pseudoclymenia Frech 1897
+
Pseudoclymenia aktubensis Bogoslovsky 1971
Pseudoclymenia applanata Schindewolf 1923
Pseudoclymenia australis Delepine 1935
Pseudoclymenia costulata Munster 1840
Pseudoclymenia dillensis Drevermann 1901
+
Invalid names: Pseudoclymenia drevermanni Schindewolf 1923 [synonym]
Pseudoclymenia elegans Bogoslovsky 1971
Pseudoclymenia orensis Nalivkina 1953
+
Invalid names: Goniatites sandbergeri Guembel 1862 [synonym]
Pseudoclymenia sedgwickii Munster 1840
Fm. †Tornoceratidae Arthaber 1911
+
Subfm. †Aulatornoceratinae Becker 1993
+
G. †Armatites Becker 1993
+
Armatites bashkiricus Bogoslovsky 1971
Armatites beatus Becker 1993
Armatites lateroconcavus Dybczinski 1913
Armatites nudus Becker 1993
Armatites planidorsatus Munster 1839
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras dorsoplanum Sobolew 1912 [synonym]
G. †Aulatornoceras Schindewolf 1922
+
Aulatornoceras auriforme Oppenheimer 1916
Aulatornoceras auris Quenstedt 1846
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras rhysum Clarke 1898 [synonym]
Aulatornoceras compressum Gruneberg 1925
Aulatornoceras constrictum Steininger 1849
Aulatornoceras eifliense Steininger 1849
Aulatornoceras latestriatum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Aulatornoceras lepiferum Becker 1993
Aulatornoceras paucistriatum d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1841
Aulatornoceras posterior Becker 1993
Aulatornoceras serriense Becker 1993
G. †Planitornoceras Becker 1995
+
Planitornoceras pugnax Becker 1995
Planitornoceras weissi Wedekind 1908
G. †Polonoceras Dybczynski 1913
+
Polonoceras baikuense Sheng 1999
Polonoceras clarkei Miller 1938
Polonoceras delepinei Petersen 1975
Polonoceras dux Becker 1993
Polonoceras mensinki Becker 1993
Polonoceras planum Dybczynski 1913
G. †Truyolsoceras Montesinos 1987
+
Truyolsoceras retro Becker 1993
Truyolsoceras sandbergeri Foord and Crick 1897
+
Invalid names: Goniatites retrorsus undulatus Sandberger 1851 [replaced]
Subfm. †Falcitornoceratinae Becker 1993
+
G. †Falcitornoceras House and Price 1985
+
Falcitornoceras bilobatum Wedekind 1908
Falcitornoceras constrictum Hous and Price 1985
Falcitornoceras faciculum House and Price 1985
Falcitornoceras korni Becker 1993
Falcitornoceras wagneri House and Price 1985
G. †Gundolficeras Becker 1995
+
Gundolficeras delepinei Petter 1959
Gundolficeras escoti Frech 1887
Gundolficeras fezzouense Becker 1995
Gundolficeras rotersi Korn 2002
Gundolficeras silviae Becker 1995
G. †Phoenixites Becker 1993
+
Phoenixites frechi Wedekind 1918
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras frechi parvum Makowski 1991 [synonym]
Phoenixites keyserlingi Muller 1956
Phoenixites sulcatus Becker 1993
Phoenixites varicatum Wedekind 1918
Subfm. †Tornoceratinae Arthaber 1911
+
G. †Crassotornoceras House and Price 1985
+
Crassotornoceras annissi House and Price 1985
Crassotornoceras crassum Matern 1931
Crassotornoceras nitidum Becker 1993
G. †Domanikoceras Becker and House 1993
+
Domanikoceras timidum Becker and House 1993
G. †Epitornoceras Frech 1902
+
G. †Linguatornoceras House 1965
+
Linguatornoceras clausum Glenister 1958
+
Invalid names: Tornoceras loeschmanni Frech 1902 [synonym]
Linguatornoceras haugi Frech 1902
Linguatornoceras lingua Sandberger 1851
Linguatornoceras pompeckji Wedekind 1918
Linguatornoceras yudinae Becker 2000
G. †Lobotornoceras Schindewolf 1936
+
Lobotornoceras ausavense Steininger 1849
Lobotornoceras hassoni House 1978
G. †Oxytornoceras Becker 1993
+
Oxytornoceras acutum Frech 1902
Oxytornoceras polare Bogoslovsky and Yatskov 1985
Oxytornoceras signatum Becker 1993
G. †Simicheiloceras Becker 1993
+
Simicheiloceras acutelobatum Gruneberg 1925
G. †Tornoceras Hyatt 1884
+
Tornoceras aldanense House 1965
Tornoceras amuletum House 1965
Tornoceras arcuatum House 1965
Tornoceras arkonense House 1965
Tornoceras baldisi Leanza 1968
Tornoceras bolivianum Kullmann 1980
Tornoceras compressum Clarke 1899
Tornoceras contractum Glenister 1958
Tornoceras edwinhalli Clarke 1898
Tornoceras hughesii Whidborne 1890
Tornoceras iowaense Miller 1938
Tornoceras lewinskii Dybczynski 1913
Tornoceras nummularius Roemer 1843
Tornoceras obesum Clarke 1899
Tornoceras obliquum Perna 1914
Tornoceras orbicella Hall 1860
Tornoceras radialis Becker 1993
Tornoceras simplex von Buch 1832
Tornoceras strangulatum Keyserling 1844
Tornoceras subacutum Makowski 1991
Tornoceras typum Sandberger and Sandberger 1851
+
Invalid names: Gomimonomeroceras (Tornoceras) kielcense Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Gomimonomeroceras (Tornoceras) sublentiforme Sobolew 1914 [synonym], Tornoceras bertrandi Frech 1902 [synonym], Tornoceras simplex angustelobata Holzapfel 1895 [synonym], Tornoceras verae Frech 1902 [synonym]
Tornoceras uniangulare Conrad 1842
+
Invalid names: Goniatites astarte Clarke 1885 [synonym]
Tornoceras varicatum Gruneberg 1925
Tornoceras whidbornei Foord and Crick 1897
Tornoceras whitfieldi Miller 1932
Tornoceras widderi House 1965
Invalid names: Tornoceras (Tornoceras) Hyatt 1884 [invalid subgroup]
Invalid names: Praeglyphioceratina Ruzhencev 1957 [synonym]