Stonehaven (Silurian of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Eurypterid-Associated Biota of the Cowie Formation, Stonehaven, Scotland

Where: Scotland, United Kingdom (57.0° N, 2.2° W: paleocoordinates 16.4° S, 17.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Cowie Formation (Stonehaven Group), Wenlock (433.4 - 427.4 Ma)

• "Late Wenlock to Early Ludlow (Marshall 1991 [Geol. Mag.128:283])." PJW: Suarez et al. (2017) found that the fossiliferous beds from this unit are Early Devonian in age. But Wellman et al. 2023 plaed it the Late Wenlock

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; gray shale and sandstone

• "Nonmarine, possibly braided and meandering rivers"
• "Gray shale alternating with sandstone"

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: C.H. Wellman, G. Lopes, Z. McKellar and A. Hartley. 2023. Age of the basal ‘Lower Old Red Sandstone’ Stonehaven Group of Scotland: The oldest reported air-breathing land animal is Silurian (late Wenlock) in age. Journal of the Geological Society [R. Plotnick/R. Plotnick]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 26907: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 08.11.2002, edited by Roy Plotnick

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Birkeniida -
 Cyathaspidei - Traquairaspidae
 Eurypterida - Adelophthalmidae
Nanahughmilleria norvegica Kiaer 1911 eurypterid
 Archaeostraca -
Pneumodesmus newmani Wilson and Anderson 2004 millipede
 Cowiedesmida - Cowiedesmidae
Cowiedesmus eroticopodus Wilson and Anderson 2004 millipede
Albadesmus almondi Wilson and Anderson 2004 millipede