Also known as Belle Roche, Sprimont
Where: Belgium (50.5° N, 5.6° E: paleocoordinates 50.5° N, 5.5° E)
• coordinate based on nearby landmark
When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)
• "the cave appears in cross-section in the upper face of the Quarry called La Belle-Roche". Six levels identfied within the cave deposits, two of which contain faunal remains - 3 "Unsorted silty detrital complex" and 4 "Clay-calcite run-off complex". Four galleries have been found, only Gallery one lacks fauna and archaeology. Dated later than the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary (0.78Ma) and before 0.35Ma (the limit of Uranium/Thorium dating). Thought to be c.0.5Ma on faunal grounds. OIS stage 13 to (perhaps)15.
Environment/lithology: red, silty
•Level 4: "a complex of very thin interbedded layers of calcite, clay and clayey silt as well as a variable succession of laminar calcitic deposits and clayey run-off deposits" Lower layers contain lenses of microfauna, particularly Chiroptera. Higher levels are sterile. Laid down in a very humid period.
Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils
Collection methods: bulk,
• By 1990 400m2 of rock excavated in salvage operations.
Primary reference: J.-M. Cordy, B. Bastin, C. Ek, R. Geeraerts, A. Ozer, Y. Quinif, J. Thorez and M. Ulrix-Closset. 1992. La Belle-Roche (Sprimont, Belgium): the oldest archaeological site in the Benelux. A Report on a field trip. FIve Million Years, the Human adventure. Edited by M. Toussaint. E.R.A.U.L., Liege. 56:287-301 [A. Behrensmeyer/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details
Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis
PaleoDB collection 34127: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 20.08.2003
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)