Reef 1 Mollusks, San Salvador Island (Pleistocene of Bahamas)

Also known as Reef 3801

Where: Bahamas (24.0° N, 74.5° W: paleocoordinates 24.0° N, 74.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cockburn Town Member (Grotto Beach Formation), Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• 132-125 ka

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified framestone

• evidence of subaerial exposure, such as rhizomorphs, and subsequent marine borings

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite

Collection methods: bulk, surface (in situ),

• JA: the three collections together came from "twenty-one quadrats" each of "0.5-m2... separated into 50-decimeter2 areas... organized as 10 rows and 5 columns": because area and not volume measures are reported, the samples are apparently surface in situ and not screened

Primary reference: L. Gardiner. 2001. Stability of Late Pleistocene Reef Mollusks from San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Palaios 16:372-386 [W. Kiessling/A. Girndt]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 80676: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Antje Girndt on 05.05.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Barbatia domingensis" = Acar domingensis, "Arca imbricata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata, Barbatia sp.
"Barbatia domingensis" = Acar domingensis Lamarck 1819 miniature ark
"Arca imbricata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata Bruguière 1789 ark
Barbatia sp. Gray 1842 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris pectinata" = Tucetona pectinata Gmelin 1791 clam
Glycymeris sp. Da Costa 1778 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus americanus Hermann 1781 scallop
"Chlamys ornatus" = Caribachlamys ornatus Lamarck 1819 scallop
Chlamys sp. Röding 1798 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima sp. Bruguière 1797 file clam
Lima lima Linnaeus 1758 file clam
"Lima scabra" = Ctenoides (Ctenoides) scabra Born 1778 file clam
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Dendostrea frons Linnaeus 1758 oyster
[entered as Denostrea frons]
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Hormomya exusta" = Brachidontes (Hormomya), Modiolus sp., "Modiolus modiolus" = Modiolus (Modiolus) modiolus
"Hormomya exusta" = Brachidontes (Hormomya) mussel
Modiolus sp. Lamarck 1801 mussel
"Modiolus modiolus" = Modiolus (Modiolus) modiolus Linnaeus 1758 mussel
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama sarda jewel box
Chama sp. Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Chione cancellata Linnaeus 1767 venus clam
"Chione intapurpurea" = Puberella intapurpurea Conrad 1849 venus clam
Transennella sp. Dall 1884 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
Tellina radiata Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
Arcopagia fausta Pulteney 1799 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Laevicardium sp. Swainson 1840 cockle
"Laevicardium laevigatum" = Laevicardium serratum Linnaeus 1758 cockle
Americardia media Linnaeaus 1758 cockle
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata, Lucina pensylvanica, Codakia sp., "Codakia orbicularis" = Codakia (Codakia) orbicularis
"Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata d'Orbigny 1846 clam
Lucina pensylvanica Linnaeus 1758 clam
[entered as Lucina penyslvanica]
Codakia sp. Scopoli 1777 clam
"Codakia orbicularis" = Codakia (Codakia) orbicularis Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Epitomium sp. wentletrap
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
 Cephalaspidea - Bullidae
Bulla sp. Linnaeus 1758 snail
Bulla striata Bruguiére 1792 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella floralia olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Columbella mercatoria Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Pisania pusio true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais deltoidea murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus mus cone shell
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
"Strombus gigas" = Lobatus gigas
"Strombus gigas" = Lobatus gigas Linnaeus 1758 true conch
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
"Antisabia antiquata" = Hipponix (Antisabia)
"Antisabia antiquata" = Hipponix (Antisabia) hoof shell
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
"Trivia quadripuntata" = Niveria quadripunctata
"Trivia quadripuntata" = Niveria quadripunctata Gray 1827 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Polinices lacteus Guilding 1834 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Ovulidae
Cyphoma gibbosum Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Cypraea sp. Linnaeus 1758 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Cymatium nicobaricum" = Monoplex nicobaricus, "Cymatium pileare" = Monoplex pilearis, Cymatium muricunum, Cymatium sp.
"Cymatium nicobaricum" = Monoplex nicobaricus Röding 1798 triton shell
"Cymatium pileare" = Monoplex pilearis Linnaeus 1758 triton shell
Cymatium muricunum triton shell
Cymatium sp. Röding 1798 triton shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Vermicularia sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithium sp. Bruguière 1789 cerith snail
Cerithium litteratum Born 1778 cerith snail
Cerithium muscarum Say 1832 cerith snail
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Astraea tecta snail
(americana)
Astraea sp. Röding 1798 snail
"Astraea phoebia" = Astralium phoebium Röding 1798 snail
"Astraea caelata" = Lithopoma caelatum Gmelin 1791 snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Fissurella barbadensis Gmelin 1791 snail
Diodora viridula Lamarck 1822 snail
Diodora cayenensis Lamarck 1822 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Calliostoma sp. Swainson 1840 top snail
 Trochoidea - Tegulidae
Tegula sp. Lesson 1835 snail