Manchap, Himachal Himalaya, India (Silurian of India)

Also known as Reef 2406

Where: India (31.6° N, 78.8° E: paleocoordinates 29.2° S, 144.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Manchap Formation, Wenlock (433.4 - 427.4 Ma)

• Age uncertain but most likely Wenlockian following: Brunton, F.R., Smith, L., Dixon, O.A., Copper, P., Nestor, H., 1998. Silurian reef episodes, changing seascapes, and paleobiogeography. New York State Museum Bulletin 491, 265-282.

•Fossil data comprise whole formation, but are mostly from Unit III

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified reef rocks and lithified sandstone

• cross-bedded sandstone, grey argillaceous marly limestone, bluish grey dolomites with large corals (Unit III) and calcareous quartzite

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: quarrying, peel or thin section,

Primary reference: O. M. Bhargava and U. K. Bassi. 1986. Silurian reefal buildups: Spiti-Kinnaur, Himachal Himalaya, India. Facies 15:35-52 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 36257: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 21.01.2004, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Girvanella sp. Nicholson and Etheridge 1878
Trilobita indet. Walch 1771 trilobite
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Gastropoda sp. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Euomphalidae sp. de Koninck 1881 snail
 Fenestrida - Fenestellidae
Fenestella sp. Lonsdale 1839
 Cystoporida - Fistuliporidae
? Fistulipora sp. McCoy 1850
 Trepostomata - Halloporidae
Hallopora sp. Bassler 1911
 Pentamerida - Pentameridae
Pentamerus sp. Sowerby 1813
 Atrypida - Atrypidae
Atrypa sp. Dalman 1828
 Orthida - Orthidae
Orthis sp. Dalman 1828
 Favositida - Favositidae
Favosites spitiensis tabulate coral
 Favositida - Coenitidae
Coenites sp. Eichwald 1829 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Halysitidae
Halysites catenularia Linnaeus 1767 tabulate coral
ssp. kanaurensis
 Heliolitida - Plasmoporellidae
Plasmoporella sp. Kiaer 1899 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Plasmoporidae
Plasmopora sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1849 tabulate coral
 Heliolitida - Heliolitidae
? Heliolites sp. Dana 1846 tabulate coral
 Cystiphyllida - Tryplasmatidae
Tryplasma sp. Lonsdale 1845 horn coral
 Stauriida - Streptelasmatidae
? Streptelasma sp. Hall 1847 horn coral
 Stauriida - Ptychophyllidae
Ptychophyllum sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 horn coral
 Rugosa -
Radiastrea sp. horn coral
Vermiporella sp. Stolley 1893
 Dasycladales - Beresellaceae
  - Solenoporaceae
 Ichnofossils -
Planolites sp. Nicholson 1873
Rusophycus sp. Hall 1852
Chondrites sp. von Sternberg 1833
Arthrophycus sp. Hall 1852