Subasi #1 [Mamara Fm] (Pleistocene of Turkey)

Where: Turkey (39.4° N, 26.8° E: paleocoordinates 39.4° N, 26.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Mamara Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Mamara Fm, which unconformably overlies the Yalakdere Fm (Late Miocene) and is unconformably overlain by Holocene alluvium. THICKNESS: From individual bed within section of ~10-15m. AGE: Late Pleistocene, based on U/Th dating, 260ka. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From oldest of three coastal terraces.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, fine-grained, coarse sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Locally mixed rocky coastal and shallow marine clastic environments.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Coarse to fine sands. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, assumed on the basis of sample preparation description and figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTORS: Not stated, but presumably Schneider, Witt, and Yigitbas; early 2000's. REPOSITORY: Not stated.

Primary reference: S. Schneider, W. Witt, and E. Yigitbas. 2005. Ostracods and bivalves from an Upper Pleistocene (Tyrrhenian) marine terrace near Altinova (Izmit Province, Turkey). Zitteliana 45:87-114 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 78332: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 02.02.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for bivalvia, but not including gastropoda. NOMENCLATURE: An authoritative publication, with taxonomic assignments to species resolution.
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomiidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 scallop
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilaster lineatus Gmelin 1791 mussel
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba Oliva 1792 clam
 Cardiida - Mesodesmatidae
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Spisula subtruncata da Costa 1778 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Gouldia minima" = Gouldia (Gouldia) minima Montagu 1803 venus clam
Chamelea gallina Linneus 1758 venus clam
Venerupis aurea venus clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax trunculus Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Gastrana fragilis Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
Tellina donacina Linnaeus 1767 tellin clam
Tellina tenuis da Costa 1778 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Parvicardium exiguum Gmelin 1791 cockle
Cerastoderma glaucum Poiret 1789 cockle
 Cardiida - Lasaeidae
"Mysella bidentata" = Diarmaidia bidentata, "Lasaea rubra" = Lasaea adansoni
"Mysella bidentata" = Diarmaidia bidentata Montague 1803 clam
"Lasaea rubra" = Lasaea adansoni Gmelin 1791 clam
 Solenida - Pharidae
Pharidae indet. Adams and A 1858 clam
Ensis sp. Schumacher 1817 clam
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
Thracia sp. Blainville 1824 clam
Thracia papyracea Poli 1795 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Loripes lacteus Deshayes 1850 clam
Lucinella divaricata Linnaeus 1758 clam