Sample EP, Episkopi, Hydra (Permian of Greece)

Where: Greece (37.3° N, 23.4° E: paleocoordinates 8.7° S, 26.8° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Episkopi Formation, Wuchiapingian (259.9 - 254.2 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; wackestone

• From small sponge bioherm in middle shelf environment.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: replaced with silica

Collection methods: chemical,

Primary reference: M. E. Clapham and D. J. Bottjer. 2007. Permian marine paleoecology and its implications for large-scale decoupling of brachiopod and bivalve abundance and diversity during the Lopingian (Late Permian). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 249:283-301 [D. Bottjer/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 64171: authorized by David Bottjer, entered by Matthew Clapham on 03.09.2006

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Strophomenata
 Productida - Cooperinidae
 Productida -
 Productida - Monticuliferidae
 Productida - Lyttoniidae
Leptodus sp. Kayser 1883
 Orthotetida - Schuchertellidae
 Orthotetida - Meekellidae
Sicelia explicata Grant 1995
Rhynchonellata
 Athyridida - Neoretziidae
Hustedia episkopiensis n. sp. Shen and Clapham 2009
 Athyridida - Athyrididae
Xenosaria tenuis n. sp. Shen and Clapham 2009
 Terebratulida - Dielasmatidae
? Dielasma sp. King 1856
 Spiriferinida - Cyrtinidae
Cyrtinidae indet. Fredericks 1912
Licharewina josephinae Gemmellaro 1899
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferellinidae
 Spiriferinida - Paraspiriferinidae
Paraspiriferina cellulana Cooper and Grant 1976
 Spiriferinida - Syringothyrididae
Petinospiriferina subtriangularis n. gen. Schellwien 1900
 Spiriferida - Martiniidae
 Spiriferida - Ambocoeliidae
Orbicoelia fraterculus Waterhouse and Piyasin 1970
 Rhynchonellida - Wellerellidae
Glyptorhynchia velifer Gemmellaro 1899
 Rhynchonellida - Allorhynchidae
Gerassimovia sp. Licharew 1956
Terebratuloidea minor Waagen 1883
 Orthida - Enteletidae
Enteletes tschernyschewi Gemmellaro 1899
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
Grammatodon sp. Meek and Hayden 1860 clam
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Limatula" sp. Wood 1839 file clam
New limid genus
 Pectinida - Heteropectinidae
Heteropecten sp. Kegel and Costa 1951 scallop
 Pectinida - Pseudomonotidae
Pegmavalvula sp. Newell and Boyd 1970 scallop
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Permoperna sp. Nakazawa and Newell 1968 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
? Promytilus sp. Newell 1942 mussel
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Phestia sp. Chernyshev 1951 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Cycloneritimorpha - Trachyspiridae
Trachydomia sp. Meek and Worthen 1866 snail
 Trochonematoidea - Lophospiridae
? Worthenia sp. de Koninck 1883 snail
 Euomphalina - Anomphalidae
Anomphalus sp. Meek and Worthen 1866 snail
Straparella sp. Fischer 1885 snail
 Prosobranchia - Goniasmatidae
Platyzona sp. Knight 1945 snail
 Prosobranchia - Orthonematidae
Orthonema sp. Meek and Worthen 1862 snail
 Cerithimorpha - Orthonemidae
Palaeostylus sp. Mansuy 1914 snail
 Heterostropha - Streptacididae
Streptacis sp. Meek 1871 snail
 Bellerophontida -
Bellerophontida indet. Ulrich and Scofield 1897 snail
 Murchisoniina - Porcelliidae
Porcellia sp. Léveillé 1835 snail
 Murchisoniina - Gosseletinidae
Apachella sp. Winters 1956 snail
Glabrocingulum sp. Thomas 1940 snail
Ananias sp. Knight 1945 snail
 Murchisoniina - Soleniscidae
Soleniscus sp. Meek and Worthen 1860 snail
Strobeus sp. de Koninck 1881 snail
 Pleurotomariida - Phymatopleuridae
Lamellospira sp. Batten 1958 snail
Tergomya
 Archinacellida - Metoptomatidae
Lepetopsis sp. Whitfield 1882
Cephalopoda
 Nautiloidea -
Nautiloidea indet. Agassiz 1847 nautiloid
 Pseudorthocerida - Spyroceratidae
Lopingoceras sp. Shimanskiy 1962
Stenolaemata
 Fenestrida - Acanthocladiidae
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
Anthozoa
 Rugosa -
Rugosa indet. horn coral