Baissa (PIN collection 3064) (Cretaceous of Russian Federation)

Where: Buryatia, Russian Federation (53.3° N, 112.1° E: paleocoordinates 56.0° N, 108.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Zaza Formation, Aptian (125.0 - 113.0 Ma)

• C. longipoda, E. trisetalis and Lycoptera all occur in the Zaza Formation indicating that this formation could be correlated with the upper Yixian Formation and the lower Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning, which have a duration of 122.5-120 Ma. So it is possible to assign the Zaza Formation to an Aptian age. Also correlated with Barremian-Aptian based on plants and pollen.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified marl

• "The water body is reconstructed as an intermontane lake with the depth of 20 - 30 meters (LYAMINA 1980) situated within a granite massif. The presence of thick layers of the bituminous shales shows that the lake was meromictic, with the oxygen deficiency and high hydrogen sulphur level in the hypolimnion. However, the oxygenated epilimnion should be thick, with a lower boundary well beneath the limit of episodic wave action because no suffocation events are documented. The abundance of caddisflies, dobsonfly larvae and other groups intolerant to oxygen deficiency shows that in more shallow areas the water was clear and well-oxygenated even near the bottom. The lake ecosystem was highly productive as indicated by its complex trophic structure (Fig. 2) with several levels of predators up to the large sturgeon-like fish Stychopterus as well as by the extremely high abundance of planetonivorous phantom midges (SINICHENKOVA & ZHERIKHIN 1996)." ZHERIKHIN et al., 1999

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Reposited in the PIN

Primary reference: A. P. Rasnitsyn. 1975. Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Transactions of the Palaeontological Institute Academy of Sciences of the USSR 147:1-134 [M. Clapham/J. Karr]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 105969: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 28.02.2011, edited by Lindy Edwards and Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Bajsaphididae
Bajsaphis kononovae n. gen. n. sp.41
Bajsaphis kononovae n. gen. n. sp.41 Shaposhnikov 1985 aphid
PIN 3064/2229, 2216
 Hemiptera - Oviparosiphidae
Vitimaphis sp.52 Shaposhnikov and Wegierek 1989 aphid
PIN 3064/2236
Vitimaphis subridens n. sp.52 Żyła et al. 2017 aphid
PIN 3064/5000
Vitimaphis rasnitsyni52 Shaposhnikov and Wegierek 1989 aphid
PIN 3064/2092(2103)
 Hemiptera - Szelegiewicziidae
Szelegiewiczia maculata n. gen. n. sp.41
Szelegiewiczia maculata n. gen. n. sp.41 Shaposhnikov 1985 aphid
PIN 3064/2247
 Hemiptera -
Holmaniella papillata n. gen. n. sp.41
Holmaniella papillata n. gen. n. sp.41 Shaposhnikov 1985 aphid
PIN 3064/2301
 Hemiptera - Hylicellidae
Vietocycla peregrina n. gen. n. sp.42
Vietocycla peregrina n. gen. n. sp.42 Shcherbakov 1988 true bug
PIN 3064/4141, 453, 1074, 4143-4145, 4147, 4151, 4153-4158, 4161-14166, 4168, 4169, 4589
 Hemiptera - Tingidae
Sinaldocader ponomarenkoi n. sp.10 Golub and Popov 2008 lace bug
PIN 3064/5661
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Convexithrips robustus n. gen.43 Shmakov 2009 thrips
PIN 3064/8550
 Thysanoptera - Aeolothripidae
Fusithrips crassipes n. gen. n. sp.43
Fusithrips crassipes n. gen. n. sp.43 Shmakov 2009 thrips
PIN 3064/8547,8552
 Plecoptera - Oecanthoperlidae
Oecanthoperla sibirica n. gen. n. sp.44
Oecanthoperla sibirica n. gen. n. sp.44 Storozhenko 1988 stonefly
PIN 3064/8603, 8601, 8602
 Blattodea -
Baissatermes lapideus n. gen. n. sp.8
Baissatermes lapideus n. gen. n. sp.8 Engel et al. 2007 termite
PIN 3064/8583
 Blattodea - Mesoblattinidae
Archimesoblatta altera47 Vršanský 1997 cockroach
PIN 3064/3621, 2735
 Blattodea - Ectobiidae
Piniblattella vitimica45 Vishnyakova 1964 cockroach
 Mantodea -
Cretophotina sp.46 Gratshev and Zherikhin 1993 mantis
PIN 3064/3513
 Phasmatodea -
Cretophasmomima burjatica n. sp.12 Gorochov 1988 stick insect
PIN 3064/10621, 8318
 Phasmatodea - Aerophasmidae
Baissophasma pilosum n. gen. n. sp.14, Baissophasma simile n. sp.14
Baissophasma pilosum n. gen. n. sp.14 Gorochov 1993 stick insect
PIN 3064/8524, 8525
Baissophasma simile n. sp.14 Gorochov 1993 stick insect
PIN 3064/440
 Orthoptera - Prophalangopsidae
Tettaboilus pulcher n. gen. n. sp.11
Tettaboilus pulcher n. gen. n. sp.11 Gorochov 1988 hump-winged cricket
PIN 3064/432
 Orthoptera - Vitimiidae
Deinovitimia insolita n. gen. n. sp.13
Deinovitimia insolita n. gen. n. sp.13 Gorochov 1989 grasshopper
PIN 3064/8454 (bed unspecified)
 Hymenoptera - Angarosphecidae
Trichobaissodes antennatus n. gen. n. sp., "Cretosphex incertus n. gen. n. sp." = Archisphex incertus, Oryctobaissodes armatus n. gen. n. sp., Angarosphex myrmicopterus n. gen. n. sp.
Trichobaissodes antennatus n. gen. n. sp. Rasnitsyn 1975 apoid wasp
PIN 3064/632
"Cretosphex incertus n. gen. n. sp." = Archisphex incertus Rasnitsyn 1975 apoid wasp
PIN 3064/626
Oryctobaissodes armatus n. gen. n. sp. Rasnitsyn 1975 apoid wasp
PIN 3064/637
Angarosphex myrmicopterus n. gen. n. sp. Rasnitsyn 1975 apoid wasp
PIN 3064/629
 Hymenoptera - Pelecinidae
Protopelecinus regularis n. gen. n. sp.50
Protopelecinus regularis n. gen. n. sp.50 Zhang and Rasnitsyn 2004 wasp
PIN 3064/2003 (unspecified)
 Hymenoptera - Praeaulacidae
Cretocleistogaster vitimica n. gen. n. sp. Rasnitsyn 1975 wasp
PIN 3064/641, 630
 Hymenoptera - Anaxyelidae
Anaxyelidae indet.19 Martynov 1925 winged insect
PIN 3064/1938
? Brachysyntexis sp.19 Rasnitsyn 1969 winged insect
PIN 3064/1939
Dolichosyntexis transbaikalicus n. gen. n. sp.19 Kopylov 2019 winged insect
PIN 3064/1941, 1940
Dolichostigma tenuipes19 Rasnitsyn 1968 winged insect
PIN 3064/1937
 Hymenoptera - Sepulcidae
Trematothorax baissensis n. gen. n. sp.39
Trematothorax baissensis n. gen. n. sp.39 Rasnitsyn 1988 stem sawfly
PIN 3064/1943
 Hymenoptera - Xyelidae
Anthoxyela baissensis n. gen. n. sp.38
Anthoxyela baissensis n. gen. n. sp.38 Rasnitsyn 1977 sawfly
PIN 3064/634
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
Metabuprestium shartologoiense1 Alexeev 1995 jewel beetle
PIN 3064/7129
 Coleoptera - Lasiosynidae
Lasiosyne decora n. sp.48, Microsyne lauta n. gen. n. sp.49
Lasiosyne decora n. sp.48 Yan 2012 beetle
PIN 3064/7445, 880
Microsyne lauta n. gen. n. sp.49 Yan et al. 2014 beetle
PIN 3064/7120
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Cryptocoelus lukashevichae n. sp.2 Alexeev 2011 click beetle
PIN 3064/7102
Pollostelater baissensis n. gen. n. sp.2 Alexeev 2011 click beetle
PIN 3064/7100
 Coleoptera - Hydrophilidae
Paraspercheus vitimensis n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 water scavenger beetle
PIN 3064/1071
Baissalarva hydrobioides n. gen. n. sp.9 Fikacek et al. 2014 water scavenger beetle
PIN 3064/6975, 6977
 Coleoptera -
"Hydrophilopsia baissensis" = Laetopsia baissensis34
"Hydrophilopsia baissensis" = Laetopsia baissensis34 Ponomarenko 1987 water scavenger beetle
PIN 3064/6985, 37 paratypes
 Coleoptera - Helophoridae
"Mesohelophorus sibiricus n. gen. n. sp." = Helophorus (Mesohelophorus) palaeosibiricus3
"Mesohelophorus sibiricus n. gen. n. sp." = Helophorus (Mesohelophorus) palaeosibiricus3 Fikacek et al. 2012 water scavenger beetle
PIN 3064/841, 931
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
"Nyujwa zherichini n. gen. n. sp." = Crepuraea zherichini31, Crepuraea zherichini n. sp.18, Crepuraea archaica n. gen. n. sp.18
"Nyujwa zherichini n. gen. n. sp." = Crepuraea zherichini31 Perkovskiy 1990 sap beetle
PIN 3064/888
Crepuraea zherichini n. sp.18 Kirejtshuk and Ponomarenko 1990 sap beetle
PIN 3064/7190
Crepuraea archaica n. gen. n. sp.18 Kirejtshuk 1990 sap beetle
PIN 3064/7189
 Coleoptera - Cimberididae
Baissimberis prodigiosus n. gen. n. sp.15
Baissimberis prodigiosus n. gen. n. sp.15 Gratshev and Legalov 2014 weevil
PIN 3064/855
 Coleoptera - Nemonychidae
Pseudonemonyx stupendus15 Gratshev and Legalov 2009 pine flower snout beetle
PIN 3064/7234
 Coleoptera - Brentidae
Cretonanophyes longirostris22 Zherikhin 1977 weevil
PIN 3064/7209
Baissorhynchus tarsalis22 Zherikhin 1977 weevil
PIN 3064/7204, 7205, 7206, 7214, 7215, 7217, 7218, 7219, 7232, 7236, 7238
Testudobrenthorrhinus taetricus22 Gratshev and Legalov 2011 weevil
PIN 3064/7211, 7212, 7213, 722, 7220, 7221, 7223, 7224, 7225, 7226, 7227, 7228, 7231, 7235, 7237, 7240, 7502)
 Coleoptera -
Cretonitis copripes n. gen. n. sp.26, Holcorobeus vittatus n. gen. n. sp.3
Cretonitis copripes n. gen. n. sp.26 Nikolajev 2007 scarab beetle
PIN 3064/7169
Holcorobeus vittatus n. gen. n. sp.3 Nikritin 1977 scarab beetle
PIN 3064/939; 5636 in Nikolajev, 2004
 Coleoptera - Trogidae
Trox sibericus n. sp.26, "Geotrupoides leptoscelis n. sp." = Avitortor leptoscelis3, Avitortor primitivus n. gen. n. sp.3
Trox sibericus n. sp.26 Nikolajev 2007 hide beetle
PIN 3064/7143
"Geotrupoides leptoscelis n. sp." = Avitortor leptoscelis3 Nikritin 1977 hide beetle
PIN 3064/936
Avitortor primitivus n. gen. n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 hide beetle
PIN 3064/856
 Coleoptera - Hybosoridae
Protanaides sibiricus n. gen. n. sp.27
Protanaides sibiricus n. gen. n. sp.27 Nikolajev 2010 scavenger scarab beetle
PIN 3064/7148
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
Cretoscarabaeus gibbosus24 Nikolajev 1995 scarab beetle
PIN 3064/7155
 Coleoptera - Lithoscarabaeidae
"Proteroscarabeus baissensis" = Lithoscarabaeus baissensis3
"Proteroscarabeus baissensis" = Lithoscarabaeus baissensis3 Nikritin 1977 scarab beetle
PIN 3064/1072
 Coleoptera - Coptoclavidae
Coptoclava longipoda51 Ping 1928 beetle
PIN 3064/6546
 Coleoptera - Trachypachidae
Eodromeus dissectus3 Ponomarenko 1977 false ground beetle
PIN 3064/863
Eodromeus major n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 false ground beetle
PIN 3064/864
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Cretorabus capitatus n. gen. n. sp.3, Cretorabus latus n. sp.3, Antemnacrassa sulcata25, Antemnacrassa magna n. sp.25, "Holcorobeus picturatus" = Antemnacrassa picturata3, "Carabites" vitimensis n. sp.3
Cretorabus capitatus n. gen. n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 ground beetle
PIN 3064/862
Cretorabus latus n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 ground beetle
PIN 3064/852
Antemnacrassa sulcata25 Nikritin 1977 ground beetle
PIN 3064/7180
Antemnacrassa magna n. sp.25 Nikolajev 2004 ground beetle
PIN 3064/947
"Holcorobeus picturatus" = Antemnacrassa picturata3 Nikritin 1977 ground beetle
PIN 3064/850; 933, 7162 in Nikolajev, 2004
"Carabites" vitimensis n. sp.3 Ponomarenko 1977 ground beetle
PIN 3064/871
 Siphonaptera - Saurophthiridae
Saurophthirus longipes n. gen. n. sp.32
Saurophthirus longipes n. gen. n. sp.32 Ponomarenko 1976 flea
PIN 3064/1898, 2378, 2380, 2381, 2383
 Mecoptera - Bittacidae
Cretobittacus baisensis n. gen. n. sp.28 Novokshonov 1993 hangingfly
PIN 3064/2317
Baissobittacus angustipennatus29 Novokshonov 1997 hangingfly
PIN 3064/1026
 Mecoptera - Mesopsychidae
Vitimopsyche torta30 Novokshonov and Sukacheva 2001 scorpionfly
PIN 3064/2318, 1035
 Diptera - Cramptonomyiidae
Pivus sarus n. gen. n. sp.7
Pivus sarus n. gen. n. sp.7 Blagoderov et al. 1993 fly
PIN 3064/9740
 Diptera - Nemestrinidae
? Nemestrinus incertus n. sp.23 Mostovski and Martínez-Delclòs 2000 tangle-veined fly
PIN 3064/9929, 9690
 Diptera - Archizelmiridae
Archizelmira baissa n. sp.16 Grimaldi et al. 2003 fungus gnat
PIN 3064/9039, 9918 (bed unspecified)
 Diptera - Elliidae
Ellia colorissima n. gen. n. sp.20
Ellia colorissima n. gen. n. sp.20 Krzemińska et al. 1993 fly
PIN 3064/9730
 Diptera - Trichoceridae
Karatina explorans21 Krzemińska et al. 2009 winter crane fly
PIN 3064/9635
Trichocera cretacea n. sp.21 Krzemińska et al. 2009 winter crane fly
PIN 3064/9646
Zherikhinina baissana n. gen. n. sp.21 Krzemińska et al. 2009 winter crane fly
PIN 3064/9625, 9627, 9629, 9637
 Diptera - Ptychopteridae
"Proptychoptera cretacea n. sp." = Eoptychoptera cretacea17
"Proptychoptera cretacea n. sp." = Eoptychoptera cretacea17 Kalugina 1989 phantom crane fly
PIN 3064/1298
 Diptera - Mesosciophilidae
Mesosciophilopsis curtus n. sp.6 Blagoderov 1993 fly
PIN 3064/9795
 Dicondylia -
Raphidioptera indet.36 Handlirsch 1908 snakefly
PIN 3064/943, 2347, 2354, 2360
 Raphidioptera - Mesoraphidiidae
Baisoraphidia spp.36, Siboptera eurydictyon n. gen. n. sp.36, Cretinocellia cellulosa36, Alloraphidia asiatica36, Archeraphidia baisensis n. sp.36, "Alloraphidia deserta" = Pararaphidia deserta36, "Alloraphidia vitimica" = Pararaphidia vitimica36
Baisoraphidia spp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2342, 2359, 2363, 2362(10555)
Siboptera eurydictyon n. gen. n. sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2340, 951, 2371, 2374, 954
Cretinocellia cellulosa36 Ponomarenko 1988 snakefly
PIN 3064/2358, 2350
Alloraphidia asiatica36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2370, 2351
Archeraphidia baisensis n. sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2346, 2333, 2352
"Alloraphidia deserta" = Pararaphidia deserta36 Ponomarenko 1988 snakefly
PIN 3064/2356, 2357
"Alloraphidia vitimica" = Pararaphidia vitimica36 Martynova 1961 snakefly
PIN 3064/2368
 Raphidioptera - Baissopteridae
Baissoptera cellulosa n. sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2367
Baissoptera sibirica n. sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2376, 2375, 2373, 2352, 2360
Baissoptera martinsoni36 Martynova 1961 snakefly
PIN 3064/2361, 2377, 2329, 2355
"Baissoptera minima n. sp." = Microbaissoptera minima36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2364, 2328, 2369, 2372, 10521
Cretoraphidia sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/2344
Cretoraphidia reticulata n. sp.36 Ponomarenko 1993 snakefly
PIN 3064/953
 Megaloptera - Corydalidae
Cretochaulus lacustris33 Ponomarenko 1976 fishfly
PIN 3064/807, 1028
 Neuroptera - Babinskaiidae
Baisonelia vitimica n. gen. n. sp.35
Baisonelia vitimica n. gen. n. sp.35 Ponomarenko 1992 lacewing
PIN 3064/2420
 Neuroptera - Nymphidae
Cretonymphes baisensis n. gen. n. sp.35
Cretonymphes baisensis n. gen. n. sp.35 Ponomarenko 1992 split-footed lacewing
PIN 3064/2439, 2442
 Neuroptera - Myrmeleontoidae
Baisopardus banksianus35 Ponomarenko 1992 lacewing
PIN 3064/2436
 Neuroptera - Mesochrysopidae
Tachinymphes ascalaphoides n. gen. n. sp.35
Tachinymphes ascalaphoides n. gen. n. sp.35 Ponomarenko 1992 lacewing
PIN 3064/2445
 Ephemeroptera - Hexagenitidae
Ephemeropsis melanurus51 Cockerell 1924 mayfly
PIN 3064/3333
 Odonata - Aeshnidae
Baissaeshna zherikhini n. sp.4 Bechly et al. 2001 darner dragonfly
PIN 3064/3146
 Odonata - Hemeroscopidae
Hemeroscopus baissicus n. gen. n. sp.5
Hemeroscopus baissicus n. gen. n. sp.5 Pritykina 1977 true dragonfly
PIN 3064/141
 Odonata - Isophlebiidae
Nacholonda crassicosta n. gen. n. sp.37
Nacholonda crassicosta n. gen. n. sp.37 Pritykina 1977 dragonfly
PIN 3064/101 (bed unspecified)
Arachnida
 Araneae - Theridiosomatidae
Eocoddingtonia eskovi n. gen. n. sp.40
Eocoddingtonia eskovi n. gen. n. sp.40 Selden 2010 ray spider
PIN 3064/8593, 8591, 8594