Bitterfeld amber (Hoffeins collection) (Eocene of Germany)

Also known as Saxonian amber

Where: Halle, Germany (51.6° N, 12.4° E: paleocoordinates 50.4° N, 8.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

• Bitterfeld amber occurs in the "Bernsteinschluff" Horizon, i.e. a part of the Upper "Bitterfelder Glimmersand" in the upper part of the Cottbus Formation. Detailed biostratigraphic investigations favor an uppermost Chattian age for the unit. Originally assigned a Miocene age, and then thought to be redeposited Baltic amber. The chemical composition of Bitterfeld amber is distinct from true Baltic amber (e.g., Sodhi et al., 2013). Hydrogen isotopes indicate that Baltic and Bitterfeld ambers have distinct geographic sources, but carbon isotopes and insects suggest Baltic and Bitterfeld ambers are coeval in age (Wolfe et al., 2016).

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, amber

Collected by C. Hoffeins, H.W. Hoffeins

• Will be deposited in the collection of the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalde, Germany (DEI).

Primary reference: R. Wagner, C. Hoffeins, and H. W. Hoffeins. 2000. A fossil nymphomyiid (Diptera) from the Baltic and Bitterfield amber. Systematic Entomology 25:115-120 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 124273: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 10.02.2012, edited by Arram Noshirvan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Kuwaniidae
Hoffeinsia foldii14 Koteja 2008 scale insect
Hoffeins 1249-1, 0796-1, 0796-2, 0807-3
 Hemiptera - Lithuanicoccidae
Lithuanicoccus damzeni14 Koteja 2008 scale insect
Hoffeins 1248-1
 Hemiptera - Aradidae
Calisius balticus9 Usinger 1941 flat bug
Hoffeins 844/1, 2565
 Thysanoptera - Stenurothripidae
Stenurothrips brachycerus n. sp.22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 750/1
 Thysanoptera - Phlaeothripidae
Cephenothrips propelaticeps n. sp.25 Schliephake 2005 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/4
Necrothrips major n. sp.23 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/1
Prohaplothrips iunctostylosus n. gen. n. sp.23 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/2
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Eochirothrips mirocornis n. gen. n. sp.22, Frankliniella intonsoidea n. sp.22, Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) goitschei n. sp.22, "Taeniothrips usedomi" = Taeniothrips (Balticothrips) usedomi25, "Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) saxonicus n. sp." = Taeniothrips balticus22, "Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) amphoroideus" = Taeniothrips balticus22, Protanaphothrips minoricornis25, Incertothrips hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.23, Anaphothrips fuscicaudeus25, Protoxythrips conclusus25, Protoxythrips stenurus25, Protoxythrips ursulae24, "Archaeothrips hoffeinsi n. sp." = Gerontothrips latipennis21
Eochirothrips mirocornis n. gen. n. sp.22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 272/2
Frankliniella intonsoidea n. sp.22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/1
Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) goitschei n. sp.22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/2
"Taeniothrips usedomi" = Taeniothrips (Balticothrips) usedomi25 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/1
"Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) saxonicus n. sp." = Taeniothrips balticus22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/2
"Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) amphoroideus" = Taeniothrips balticus22 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 272/1
Protanaphothrips minoricornis25 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/2
Incertothrips hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.23 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1294
Anaphothrips fuscicaudeus25 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/7
Protoxythrips conclusus25 Priesner 1929 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/5
Protoxythrips stenurus25 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/3
Protoxythrips ursulae24 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1368/2; 1477/6 in Schliephake, 2005
"Archaeothrips hoffeinsi n. sp." = Gerontothrips latipennis21 Priesner 1924 thrips
Hoffeins 704
 Thysanoptera - Melanthripidae
Archankothrips hoffeinsianus n. sp.23, "Eocranothrips leptocerus n. sp." = Eocranothrips annulicornis22
Archankothrips hoffeinsianus n. sp.23 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/3
"Eocranothrips leptocerus n. sp." = Eocranothrips annulicornis22 Bagnall 1923 thrips
Nr. 576/3
 Coleoptera - Dermestidae
Attagenus balticus8 Háva et al. 2008 skin beetle
Hoffeins 115-1
 Coleoptera - Cryptophagidae
Atomaria (Anchicera) saxonica n. sp.19 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2018 silken fungus beetle
CCHH 1223-4
 Coleoptera - Erotylidae
Microzavaljus saxonicum n. gen. n. sp.18, Triplax contienensis n. sp.1, Serramorphus rasnitsyni n. gen. n. sp.17
Microzavaljus saxonicum n. gen. n. sp.18 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2018 pleasing fungus beetle
Hoffeins 1223-1
Triplax contienensis n. sp.1 Alekseev 2014 pleasing fungus beetle
Hoffeins 1650-4
Serramorphus rasnitsyni n. gen. n. sp.17 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2017 pleasing fungus beetle
CCHH 26-4
 Coleoptera - Phalacridae
Neolitochropus hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.16
Neolitochropus hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.16 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2016 beetle
CCHH 1206-1
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
Microsoronia hoffeinsorum n. sp.13 Kirejtshuk and Kurochkin 2010 sap beetle
DEI 276-2 1
 Coleoptera - Zopheridae
? Bitoma sp.2 Herbst 1793 ironclad beetle
CCHH 181-3
 Coleoptera - Aderidae
Palaeocnopus saeticornis n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-3, 1049-2
Palaeocnopus mara n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-1, 609-3
Palaeocnopus glabricornis n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-2
Palaeocnopus densipunctatus3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 25-4
 Coleoptera - Endomychidae
Trochoideus resinatissimus n. sp.4 Alekseev and Tomaszewska 2018 handsome fungus beetle
CCHH 53-2
 Coleoptera - Anamorphidae
Kleinzaches germanicianus n. gen. n. sp.4
Kleinzaches germanicianus n. gen. n. sp.4 Alekseev and Tomaszewska 2018 beetle
CCHH 181-1
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Crepidodera decolorata7 Nadein and Perkovsky 2010 flea beetle
CCHH 337-3
 Mecoptera - Bittacidae
Hylobittacus picteti n. sp.15 Krzemiński 2007 hangingfly
DEIM 674/1
 Diptera - Pseudopomyzidae
Eopseudopomyza szasziewskii12 Hoffeins and Woźnica 2013 fly
Hoffeins 670-3
 Diptera - Anthomyzidae
Lacrimyza christelae n. sp.20 Roháček 2013 fly
830-5 (collected at Goitzsche mine 1998)
Protanthomyza tschirnhausi n. sp.20 Roháček 2013 fly
829-8 (collected at Goitzsche mine 2010), 830-7 (purch. 2010)
 Diptera - Phoridae
Aenigmatias longicornis n. sp.6 Brown 2016 scuttle fly
Hoffeins 254/3
 Diptera - Empididae
Heleodromia starki n. sp.11 Hoffeins et al. 1997 dagger fly
Hoffeins 707 (Goitsche pit)
 Diptera - Anisopodidae
Sylvicola hoffeinsorum26 Wojtoń et al. 2018 wood gnat
SDEI 664-2
Sylvicola splendida26 Meunier 1904 wood gnat
SDEI 664-1
 Diptera - Keroplatidae
Antlemon sp.10 Loew 1871 predatory fungus gnat
CCHH 1700-1 (Goitszche mine)
 Diptera - Nymphomyiidae
Nymphomyia succina n. sp. Wagner et al. 2000 fly
Hoffeins 381/2
Arachnida
 Araneae - Uloboridae
? Hyptiomopes sp.27 Wunderlich 2004 hackled orb-weaver
801a
 Araneae - Dictynidae
Balticocryphoeca curvitarsis29 Wunderlich 2004 spider
No. 949
 Araneae - Theridiidae
Theridiidae indet.27 Sundevall 1833 cobweb spider
801b
 Araneae - Cyatholipidae
Spinilipus bispinosus28 Wunderlich 2004 spider
No. 680
 Acariformes - Smarididae
Fessonia wunderlichi5 Bartel et al. 2015 mite
Hoffeins 385-3