Independence I (Holocene of Greenland)

Where: Greenland (82.1° N, 29.9° W: paleocoordinates 82.1° N, 29.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marinelithified

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: O. Bennike. 1987. Quaternary geology and biology of the Jorgen Bronlund Fjord area, North Greenland. Meddelelser om Gronland. Geoscience 18:1-23 [M. Uhen/C. Peredo]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 162014: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Carlos Peredo on 17.09.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Actinopteri
 Salmoniformes - Salmonidae
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Rissa tridactyla Linnaeus 1758 black-legged kittiwake
Pagophila eburnea Phipps 1774 ivory gull
Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus 1767 glaucous gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Calidris canutus Linnaeus 1758 red knot
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
"Lagopus mutus" = Lagopus muta
"Lagopus mutus" = Lagopus muta Montin 1781 rock ptarmigan
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Branta leucopsis Bechstein 1803 barnacle goose
Clangula hyemalis Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed duck
Somateria spectabilis Linnaeus 1758 king eider
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Ursidae
"Thalarctos maritimus" = Ursus maritimus
"Thalarctos maritimus" = Ursus maritimus Phipps 1774 polar bear
 Carnivora - Odobenidae
Odobenus rosmarus Linnaeus 1758 walrus
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Pusa hispida Schreber 1775 ringed seal
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Alopex lagopus Linnaeus 1758 Arctic fox
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Ovibos moschatus Zimmermann 1780 muskox
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Rangifer tarandus Linnaeus 1758 reindeer