Makapansgat - general (Pliocene of South Africa)

Also known as ETE Locality 1164, Makapansgat - general,

Where: South Africa (24.2° S, 29.0° E: paleocoordinates 24.3° S, 28.6° E)

When: Makapansgat Formation, Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: "Fauna/paleomag data sugg age=~3.0 Ma,w/range=3.32-2.6 Ma"

Environment/lithology: cave; breccia

• ETE sed env 1: trap, ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: depos in quiet pools
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: breccia of slty/cly/sndy loam

Collection methods: ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 933, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: P. M. Butler and M. Greenwood. 1976. Elephant Shrews (Macroscelididae) from Olduvai and Makapansgat. Fossil Vertebrates of Africa 4:1-50 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 22340: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 23.08.1999, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
"Simopithecus darti" = Theropithecus gelada
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: darti
Parapapio spp. Jones 1937 monkey
Parapapio broomi Jones 1937 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: or whitei
Parapapio whitei Broom 1940 monkey
Parapapio jonesi Broom 1940 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Australopithecus africanus Dart 1925 australopithecine
originally entered as "Austrlopithecus africanus"
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Ceratotherium simum or D. bicornis
Diceros bicornis Linnaeus 1758 black rhinoceros
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"cf. Stylohipparion steytleri" = Hipparion, Equus helmei
"cf. Stylohipparion steytleri" = Hipparion hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
cf. Canis mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
ETE occurrence; species: pappos
Canis cf. adustus Sundevall 1847 side-striped jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval Schreber 1776 serval
"Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal Schreber 1776 caracal
"aff. Caracal caracal" = Caracal caracal Schreber 1776 caracal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: aff. Caracal caracal
"Felis aff. issiodorensis" = Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
ETE occurrence; species: mak - species name from unique name
aff. Felis cafra cat
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: aff. Felis cafra
Felis libyca Forster 1780 African wildcat
Acinonyx jubatus Schreber 1775 cheetah
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Cynictis penicillata Cuvier 1829 yellow mongoose
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: brachyodon
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
Elephantulus antiquus elephant shrew
Elephantulus langi elephant shrew
 Ungulata - Suidae
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus, "cf. Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus, Potamochoeroides shawi
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
"cf. Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffa camelopardalis Linnaeus 1758 giraffe
originally entered as "Giraffa cameleopardalis"
 Ungulata - Bovidae
cf. Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
"Tragelaphus angasi" = Tragelaphus angasii Gray 1849 nyala
"Strepsiceros strepsiceros" = Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Taurotragus cf. oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Makapania broomi Wells and Cooke 1956 antelope
Oreotragus major klipspringer
Gazella gracilior gazelle
originally entered as "Gazella grcilior"
Damaliscus aff. albifrons antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - species name from unique name
"cf. Gorgon taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
cf. Oryx gazella Linnaeus 1758 gemsbok
Redunca darti Wells and Cooke 1956 reedbuck
Redunca fulvorufula Afzelius 1815 mountain reedbuck
originally entered as "Redunca fulvoufula"
Aepyceros cf. melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala
Gazella vanhoepeni
  -
"Gazella vanhoepeni" = Phenacotragus vanhoepeni
"Gazella vanhoepeni" = Phenacotragus vanhoepeni Wells and Cooke 1956