Torino Hill, Piedmont (Miocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (45.1° N, 7.8° E: paleocoordinates 44.4° N, 7.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; lithified, sandy marl and lithified conglomerate

• "sub-reefal" facies in a deeper (maybe slope?) environment with abundant terrigenous influence

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. P. Chevalier. 1961. Recherches sur les Madreporaires et les formations recifales Miocenes de la Mediterranee occidentale [Miocene corals and reefs from the western Mediterranean]. Memoires de la Societe geologique de France 93:1-562 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 70450: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 23.03.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Poritidae
Porites sp. Link 1807 stony coral
Porites collegniana Michelin 1842 stony coral
Porites diversiformis Michelotti 1871 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Agariciidae
Pavona minor stony coral
 Scleractinia - Siderastreidae
Siderastrea crenulata Goldfuss 1826 stony coral
var. reussi
Siderastrea miocenica Osasco 1896 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Micrabaciidae
Stephanophyllia imperialis Michelin 1841 stony coral
var. reussi
 Scleractinia - Fungiidae
Discotrochus michelottii Milne-Edwards and Haime 1857 stony coral
Discotrochus cylindricus Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Discotrochus pseudoduncani Vasicek 1944 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montastraeidae
"Heliastrea tchihatcheffi" = Montastrea tchihatcheffi
"Heliastrea tchihatcheffi" = Montastrea tchihatcheffi Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Astrocoeniidae
Madracis ornata Michelotti 1838 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Acroporidae
Acropora bonellii Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Acropora lavandulina Michelin 1840 stony coral
Acropora exarata Michelotti 1838 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Pocilloporidae
Stylophora raristella Defrance 1826 stony coral
Pocillopora madreporacea Lamarck 1816 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Dendrophylliidae
Turbinaria cyathiformis de Blainville 1830 stony coral
Paleoastroides subirregularis Osasco 1897 stony coral
Dendrophyllia longaeva Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Dendrophyllia trifurcata Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Dendrophyllia paroniana Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Dendrophyllia globulina Michelotti 1871 stony coral
Dendrophyllia cladocoracea Michelotti 1871 stony coral
Dendrophyllia amica Michelotti 1838 stony coral
Dendrophyllia taurinensis Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Enallopsammia poppelacki Reuss 1847 stony coral
Enallopsammia scillae Seguenza 1864 stony coral
Lamellophyllia alloiteaui Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Balanophyllia striatissima Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) rovasendai Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Balanophyllia varians Reuss 1854 stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) parva" = Balanophyllia stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) conicocompressa" = Balanophyllia stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) circumsulcata" = Balanophyllia stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) magna" = Balanophyllia stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) sp." = Balanophyllia Wood 1844 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) zuffardii Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) sismondiana Michelin 1841 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) pachysepta Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) meneghinii Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) bossolensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) cylindrica Michelotti 1838 stony coral
Balanophyllia italica Michelin 1841 stony coral
Balanophyllia concinna Reuss 1871 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) compressa Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) conica Osasco 1897 stony coral
"Balanophyllia (Eupsammia) praelonga" = Balanophyllia praelonga Michelotti 1838 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Meandrinidae
Gyrosmilia varettiensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Tortoflabellum elatum Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Tortoflabellum compressum Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
"Gyrophyllia bisinuosa" = Dendrogyra stony coral
? Dendrogyra incerta Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
"Hexastraea fromenteli" = Septastrea, "Culicia parasitica" = Culicia parasita, Phyllangia festiva, Phyllangia microsyderea, Cladangia semispherica, Cladangia aquitaniensis, "Oulangia gracilis" = Oulangia gracilis, "Coenocyathus gracilis" = Oulangia gracilis
"Hexastraea fromenteli" = Septastrea stony coral
"Culicia parasitica" = Culicia parasita Michelin 1847 stony coral
Phyllangia festiva stony coral
Cladangia semispherica Defrance 1826 stony coral
var. taurinensis
Cladangia aquitaniensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Oulangia gracilis" = Oulangia gracilis Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
"Coenocyathus gracilis" = Oulangia gracilis Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Merulinidae
"? Goniastraea aequicosta" = Goniastrea, "Goniastraea profunda" = Goniastrea, Cyphastrea undulata, "Favites dissimilis" = Favites, "Favites conferta" = Favites, "? Favites papyracea" = Favites, "Ellasmoastraea intermedia" = Favites, "Ellasmoastraea multilateralis" = Favites, "Ellasmoastraea parvistella" = Favites, Favites neglecta, Favites densisepta
"? Goniastraea aequicosta" = Goniastrea stony coral
"Goniastraea profunda" = Goniastrea stony coral
Cyphastrea undulata stony coral
"Favites dissimilis" = Favites stony coral
"Favites conferta" = Favites stony coral
"? Favites papyracea" = Favites stony coral
"Ellasmoastraea intermedia" = Favites stony coral
"Ellasmoastraea multilateralis" = Favites stony coral
var. sismondi
"Ellasmoastraea parvistella" = Favites stony coral
Favites neglecta Michelotti 1868 stony coral
Favites densisepta Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Faviidae
"Mycedium meandrinoides" = Colpophyllia meandrinoides Michelin 1842 stony coral
Tarbellastraea reussiana Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 stony coral
Tarbellastraea raulini Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 stony coral
Tarbellastraea conoidea Reuss 1871 stony coral
Tarbellastraea ellisiana Defrance 1826 stony coral
Tarbellastraea aquitaniensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
? Tarbellastraea eggenburgensis Kühn 1925 stony coral
Tarbellastraea tenera Reuss 1847 stony coral
Tarbellastraea abditaxis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Tarbellastraea distans Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Aquitanastraea piveteaui Chevalier 1954 stony coral
Aquitanastraea tenuitabulata Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Aquitanastraea incrustans Osasco 1897 stony coral
Aquitanastraea pruvosti Chevalier 1954 stony coral
Defrancia irregularis Defrance 1826 stony coral
Solenastrea sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
"Palaeoplesiastraea desmoulinsi" = Solenastrea desmoulinsi Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 stony coral
? Favia valceppii stony coral
? Favia centralis stony coral
? Cladocora sp. Ehrenberg 1834 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Mussidae
Acanthastrea crenulata Meneghini 1868 stony coral
Acanthastrea termofurae Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Isophyllastrea rosacea" = Isophyllia rosacea Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Lithophyllia patula Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Aquitanophyllia grandistellae Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Syzygophyllia elongata Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Syzygophyllia grandis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Columastreidae
Palaeoplesiastraea corrugata Michelotti 1871 stony coral
Palaeoplesiastraea batteriae Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Heliastraeidae
Heliastrea taurinensis Chevalier 1954 stony coral
Heliastrea laticosta Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Heliastrea deformis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Heliastrea delicata Osasco 1897 stony coral
"Athecastraea patelliformis" = Heliastrea (Athecastraea) stony coral
 Scleractinia - Oculinidae
"Astrohelia sp." = Astrhelia, "Astrohelia neglecta" = Astrhelia neglecta, "Amphihelia profunda" = Madrepora profunda, "Amphihelia sp." = Madrepora (Amphihelia), Amphihelia reflexa, "Diplohelia quenstedti" = Diplhelia quenstedti, "Diplohelia moravica" = Diplhelia moravica, "Diplohelia michelottii" = Diplhelia, "Diplohelia compressa" = Diplhelia, "Sclerohelia taurinensis" = Sclerhelia taurinensis
"Astrohelia sp." = Astrhelia Milne-Edwards and Haime 1849 stony coral
"Astrohelia neglecta" = Astrhelia neglecta Vaughan 1900 stony coral
"Amphihelia profunda" = Madrepora profunda Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Amphihelia sp." = Madrepora (Amphihelia) Milne-Edwards and Haime 1857 stony coral
Amphihelia reflexa Montanaro 1929 stony coral
"Diplohelia quenstedti" = Diplhelia quenstedti Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Diplohelia moravica" = Diplhelia moravica Quenstedt 1881 stony coral
"Diplohelia michelottii" = Diplhelia stony coral
"Diplohelia compressa" = Diplhelia stony coral
"Sclerohelia taurinensis" = Sclerhelia taurinensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Euphyllidae
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
Desmophyllum reussanum, Desmophyllum nudum, Desmophyllum bilobatum, Desmophyllum turgidum, Desmophyllum formae, Desmophyllum simplex, Desmophyllum cantamessi, Desmophyllum laevicostatum, Desmophyllum taurinense, Desmophyllum semicostatum, Desmophyllum conulatum, Desmophyllum striatum, Desmophyllum exclavatum, Paracyathus cristatus, Paracyathus turonensis, Paracyathus taurinensis, Paracyathus incrustans, Parasmilia taurinensis, Coenocyathus cylindricus, Coenocyathus taurinensis, Coenocyathus simplex, Caryophyllia michelinii, Caryophyllia revoluta, Caryophyllia undulata, Caryophyllia granulosa, Caryophyllia sismondai, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) cylindricus, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) raricostatus, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) undulatus, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) minus, Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) cornucopia, Caryophyllia degenerans, Caryophyllia aequalis, Caryophyllia neglecta, Caryophyllia leptaxis, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) pedemontanus, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) gibberus, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) versicostatus, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) verrucosus, Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) laterocristatus, Caryophyllia pentaradiata, Caryophyllia sciolzensis, Anomocora rarogemmans, Smilotrochus tuberosus, Ceratotrochus miopliocenica, Ceratotrochus incertus, Ceratotrochus sp., Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) incertus, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) subcristatus, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) taurinensis, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) bellingherianus, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) duodecimcostatus, "Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) pentaradiata" = Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) pentaradiatus, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) bellardii, Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) validus, "Trochocyathus gigas" = Trochocyathus, "Trochocyathus angustibasis" = Trochocyathus, "Trochocyathus gibberus" = Trochocyathus, "Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) valceppiensis" = Trochocyathus valceppiensis, "Caryophyllia michelottii" = Trochocyathus michelottii, Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) sexspinae, Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) pyramidatus, Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) planulatus, "Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) acutus" = Trochocyathus acutus, "Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) diversiformis" = Trochocyathus, Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) revolutus, Trochocyathus plicatus
Desmophyllum nudum stony coral
Desmophyllum formae stony coral
Desmophyllum cantamessi Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Desmophyllum laevicostatum Osasco 1897 stony coral
Desmophyllum taurinense Michelin 1842 stony coral
Desmophyllum semicostatum Seguenza 1864 stony coral
Desmophyllum conulatum Osasco 1897 stony coral
Desmophyllum striatum Michelotti 1871 stony coral
Desmophyllum exclavatum Osasco 1897 stony coral
Paracyathus turonensis Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Paracyathus taurinensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Paracyathus incrustans Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Parasmilia taurinensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Coenocyathus taurinensis d'Achiardi 1868 stony coral
Coenocyathus simplex Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Caryophyllia granulosa de Angelis 1894 stony coral
Caryophyllia sismondai Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) raricostatus Michelotti 1838 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) undulatus Michelin 1841 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) minus Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) cornucopia Michelotti 1838 stony coral
Caryophyllia degenerans Reuss 1871 stony coral
Caryophyllia aequalis Osasco 1897 stony coral
Caryophyllia neglecta de Angelis 1894 stony coral
Caryophyllia leptaxis Reuss 1871 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) verrucosus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) laterocristatus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Caryophyllia pentaradiata Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Caryophyllia sciolzensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Anomocora rarogemmans Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Smilotrochus tuberosus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 stony coral
Ceratotrochus sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) subcristatus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) taurinensis Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) duodecimcostatus Goldfuss 1826 stony coral
var. multicostata
"Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) pentaradiata" = Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) pentaradiatus Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Ceratotrochus (Edwardsotrochus) validus Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
"Trochocyathus gigas" = Trochocyathus stony coral
"Trochocyathus angustibasis" = Trochocyathus stony coral
"Trochocyathus gibberus" = Trochocyathus stony coral
"Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) valceppiensis" = Trochocyathus valceppiensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Caryophyllia michelottii" = Trochocyathus michelottii d'Achiardi 1868 stony coral
Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) sexspinae Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) pyramidatus Michelotti 1838 stony coral
"Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) acutus" = Trochocyathus acutus Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) diversiformis" = Trochocyathus stony coral
Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) revolutus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Trochocyathus plicatus Michelotti 1838 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Flabellidae
Javania subturbinatum Michelotti 1871 stony coral
Flabellum sp. Lesson 1831 stony coral
Flabellum foecundum Sismonda 1871 stony coral
Flabellum extensum Michelin 1841 stony coral
Flabellum vaticani Ponzi 1876 stony coral
Flabellum lobatum Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
? Flabellum peolae Osasco 1895 stony coral
? Flabellum hemmoorense Krejci 1923 stony coral
Flabellum siciliense Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Flabellum carenatum Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
Flabellum zuffardii Chevalier 1961 stony coral
Flabellum avicula Michelotti 1838 stony coral
Flabellum sinense Michelotti 1838 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Turbinoliidae
Bathycyathus termofurae Chevalier 1961 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Diploastraeidae
"Thegioastraea burdigalensis" = Diploastrea burdigalensis, "Thegioastraea superficialis" = Diploastrea superficialis, "Thegioastraea miocenica" = Diploastrea miocenica, "Thegioastraea multisepta" = Diploastrea multisepta, "Thegioastraea crassicostata" = Diploastrea crassicostata, "Thegioastraea taurinensis" = Diploastrea taurinensis, "? Thegioastraea aequalicostata" = Diploastrea aequalicostata, "Thegioastraea speciosa" = Diploastrea speciosa, "Thegioastraea roasendai" = Diploastrea roasendai, "Thegioastraea diversiformis" = Diploastrea diversiformis, "Thegioastraea planulata" = Diploastrea, "Thegioastraea sp." = Diploastrea, "Thegioastraea incerta" = Diploastrea incerta, "Thegioastraea rosacea" = Diploastrea rosacea, "Thegioastraea variabilis" = Diploastrea variabilis, "Thegioastraea italica" = Diploastrea italica
"Thegioastraea burdigalensis" = Diploastrea burdigalensis Chevalier 1961 stony coral
"Thegioastraea superficialis" = Diploastrea superficialis Sismonda 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea miocenica" = Diploastrea miocenica Michelotti 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea multisepta" = Diploastrea multisepta Sismonda 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea crassicostata" = Diploastrea crassicostata Michelotti 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea taurinensis" = Diploastrea taurinensis d'Achiardi 1868 stony coral
"? Thegioastraea aequalicostata" = Diploastrea aequalicostata Osasco 1897 stony coral
"Thegioastraea speciosa" = Diploastrea speciosa Sismonda 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea roasendai" = Diploastrea roasendai Michelotti 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea diversiformis" = Diploastrea diversiformis Michelin 1842 stony coral
"Thegioastraea planulata" = Diploastrea stony coral
"Thegioastraea sp." = Diploastrea Matthai 1914 stony coral
"Thegioastraea incerta" = Diploastrea incerta Osasco 1897 stony coral
"Thegioastraea rosacea" = Diploastrea rosacea Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral
"Thegioastraea variabilis" = Diploastrea variabilis Sismonda 1871 stony coral
"Thegioastraea italica" = Diploastrea italica Chevalier 1961 stony coral