Nuku'laofa (Pleistocene of Tonga)

Where: Tonga (21.1° S, 175.2° W: paleocoordinates 21.1° S, 175.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; limestone

• limestone, part of which seemed to be coral reef in places, molluscs from the lower part of the quarry

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. M. Ostergaard. 1935. Recent and fossil marine Mollusca of Tongatabu. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 131:1-59 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 96436: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 08.06.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca fusca" = Barbatia (Ustularca) fusca Bruguiére 1792 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys pallium" = Gloripallium pallium
"Chlamys pallium" = Gloripallium pallium Linnaeus 1758 royal cloak scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima squamosa file clam
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cardita variegata Bruguière 1792 clam
 Cardiida - Trapezidae
Trapezium oblongum Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Antigona reticulata" = Periglypta reticulata
"Antigona reticulata" = Periglypta reticulata Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Tridacna gigas" = Tridacna (Tridacna) gigas Linnaeus 1758 cockle
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Codakia tigerina Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus miliaris cone shell
Conus striatus Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella, "Cypraea argus" = Arestorides argus, "Cypraea lynx" = Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx, "Cypraea carneola" = Lyncina carneola, "Cypraea arabica" = Mauritia arabica, "Cypraea punctulata" = Talostolida teres
"Cypraea isabella" = Luria isabella Linnaeus 1758 Isabell cowry
"Cypraea argus" = Arestorides argus Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea lynx" = Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea carneola" = Lyncina carneola Linnaeus 1758 purple-mouthed cowry
"Cypraea arabica" = Mauritia arabica Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea punctulata" = Talostolida teres Gmelin 1791 cowry
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Astralium petrosum snail
subsp. virescens
"Turbo argyrostomus" = Turbo (Marmarostoma) argyrostomus Linnaeus 1758 snail
"Turbo petholatus" = Turbo (Turbo) petholatus Linnaeus 1758 snail