Osteno (Jurassic of Italy)

Where: Italy (46.0° N, 9.1° E: paleocoordinates 33.2° N, 15.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Lombardische Kieselkalk Formation, Bucklandi (196.5 - 189.6 Ma)

• Lower Sinemurian, bucklandi zone. "Fossil remains are present throughout the whole thickness of the fossiliferous seies... The majority of these have been found between 1964 and 1979, without any precise indication of their position within the stratigraphic sequence"

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified, pyritic lime mudstone

• "poorly oxygenated sea bottom" with restricted circulation
• "grey spongolithic micrite, 4 m thick... microcrystalline calcite containing granules of pyrite, often altered into haematite, and diffuse limonitic material. The rock abounds in monaxon spicules of sponges and radiolarians, originally siliceous but now totally or partly replaced by calcite... The fossiliferous rock is extremely homogeneous; it is not stratified... No other sedimentary structures are present: there are no traces of cross lamination, grading, current patterns or bioturbation"

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression, soft parts

Collected by G. Pinna in 1964 to 1979

• Museum of Natural History of Milan collection

Primary reference: G. Pinna. 1985. Exceptional preservation in the Jurassic of Osteno. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 311:171-180 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 90673: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 12.08.2009, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• specimen numbers are not given for individual low-level taxa
unclassified
  -
Enoplea
 Desmoscolecida - Eophasmidae
Eophasma jurasicum n. gen. n. sp.
Eophasma jurasicum n. gen. n. sp. Arduini et al. 1983
Malacostraca
 Hoplocarida -
Stomatopoda indet. Latreille mantis shrimp
Thylacocephala
 Conchyliocarida - Ostenocarididae
Ostenocaris cypriformis n. gen. n. sp.
Ostenocaris cypriformis n. gen. n. sp.
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Aegeridae
Aeger sp. Munster 1839 decapod
 Decapoda - Coleiidae
Coleia sp. Broderip 1835 decapod
 Decapoda - Litogastroidae
Pseudoglyphea sp. Oppel 1861 decapod
 Decapoda - Glypheidae
Glyphea sp. Von Meyer 1835 decapod
 Decapoda - Mecochiridae
Mecochirus sp. Germar 1827 decapod
 Decapoda - Erymidae
"Phlyctisoma sp." = Pustulina, Eryma sp.
"Phlyctisoma sp." = Pustulina Quenstedt 1857 decapod
Eryma sp. Von Meyer 1840 decapod
Brachiopoda
  -
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Polychaeta
 Phyllodocemorpha -
Melanoraphia maculata n. gen. n. sp.
Melanoraphia maculata n. gen. n. sp.
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
Cephalopoda
 Coleoidea -
Coleoidea indet. Bather 1888
 Ammonitida - Arietitidae
 Ammonitida - Schlotheimiidae
"Sulciferites sp." = Angulaticeras
"Sulciferites sp." = Angulaticeras ammonite
 Ammonitida - Lytoceratidae
Chondrichthyes
 Hybodontiformes -
Hybodontiformes indet. elasmobranch
"hybodont sharks"
 Euselachii - Ostenoselachidae
Ostenoselache stenosoma n. gen. n. sp.2
Ostenoselache stenosoma n. gen. n. sp.2 Duffin 1998 elasmobranch
"new genus" that is "eel-shaped"
 Squalorajiformes - Squalorajidae
Squaloraja polyspondyla Agassiz 1843 chimaera
 Chimaeriformes - Myriacanthidae
Myriacanthidae indet.1 Woodward 1889 chimaera
MSNM V635
Actinopteri
 Palaeonisciformes -
Cosmolepis sp. Egerton 1858
 Pholidophoriformes - Pholidophoridae
Pholidolepis sp. Nybelin 1966
Pholidophorus sp. Agassiz 1843
 Holostei - Dapediidae
Dapedium sp. Leach 1822
 Neopterygii -
Placopleurus sp. Brough 1939
 Ionoscopiformes - Furidae
Furo sp. Gistl 1848
Coelacanthimorpha
 Coelacanthiformes -
Coelacanthiformes indet. Berg 1937 coelacanth
scales
Enteropneusta
  - Harrimaniidae
Megaderaion sinemuriense n. gen. n. sp.
Megaderaion sinemuriense n. gen. n. sp.
Ophiuroidea
 Ophiurida - Ophiodermatidae
Palaeocoma sp. d'Orbigny 1850 brittle star
Cycadeoideopsida
 Bennettitales -
Zamites sp. Brongniart 1828
Otozamites sp. Braun 1843
Peltaspermopsida
 Peltaspermales - Umkomasiaceae
Pachypteris sp. Brongniart 1828
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Araucariaceae
Pagiophyllum sp. Heer 1881
 Pinales -
Brachyphyllum sp. Brongniart 1828
Equisetopsida
 Equisetales - Equisetaceae
Equisetites sp. Sternberg 1833