Tielrode deposit (Pliocene of Belgium)

Where: Belgium (51.1° N, 4.2° E: paleocoordinates 51.2° N, 3.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Tielrode Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the "Tielrode deposit" [assigned to fm rank by enter], which unconformably overlies Early Oligocene deposits. AGE: Considered to be Pliocene in age based on faunal correlation to Scaldisian assemblages in Belgium. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From fossiliferous basal portion of 3 m thick sand horizon overlying Oligocene strata.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: transition zone or lower shoreface; unlithified, shelly/skeletal, brown, yellow sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Water depths above wave-base, no shallower than ten meters, but not much deeper.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Fossiliferous yellow-brown sand. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, based on figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Collected by Boekschoten in 1966

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: G. Boekschoten and students. REPOSITORY: Not stated, but presumably the Geological Institute, State University, Gromingen (Netherlands).

Primary reference: G. J. Boekschoten. 1966. Palaeoecology of some Mollusca from the Tielrode Sands (Pliocene, Belgium). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 3:311-362 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 80674: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 04.05.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for marine invertebrate taxa, except foraminifera which are mentioned anecdotally. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, but with fairly modern nomenclature and species-resolution assignments.
 Spionida - Spionidae
Polydora sp. Bosk 1801
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca tetragona Poli 1795 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten opercularis" = Aequipecten opercularis Linnaeus 1758 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia sp. Linnaeus 1758 jingle
Monia patelliformis Linnaeus 1773 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
 Carditida - Astartidae
Astarte incerta Woods 1850 clam
"Astarte obliquata" = Astarte (Digitariopsis) obliquata Sowerby 1817 clam
Astarte mutabilis Wood 1840 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cardita chamaeformis Sowerby 1825 clam
Cardita senilis Lamarck 1805 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba
"Corbula gibba" = Corbula (Varicorbula) gibba Oliva 1792 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena sp. Spengler 1783 clam
 Cardiida -
"Astarte basterotii" = Isocrassina basteroti
"Astarte basterotii" = Isocrassina basteroti De la Jonkaire 1823 clam
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
Pygocardia rustica, "Cyprina islandica" = Arctica islandica
Pygocardia rustica Sowerby 1818 clam
"Cyprina islandica" = Arctica islandica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Spisula sp. Gray 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Paphia aurea, "Venus casina" = Dosina cassina
Paphia aurea venus clam
"Venus casina" = Dosina cassina Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Tellina benedeni" = Angulus (Peronaea) benedeni
"Tellina benedeni" = Angulus (Peronaea) benedeni Nyst and Westendorp 1839 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Laevicardium decorticatum Wood 1840 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Hiatella arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica
"Hiatella arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula sp. Lamarck 1799 nut clam
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Liomesus dalei Sowerby 1825 true whelk
Colus curtus true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius reticosus Sowerby 1815 snail
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
Scaphella lamberti Sowerby 1823 volute
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais tetragona, "Thais lapillus" = Nucella lapillus
Thais tetragona murex snail
"Thais lapillus" = Nucella lapillus Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
 Capuloidea - Capulidae
Capulus ungaricus Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Polinices sp. Monfort 1810 moon snail
 Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae
Xenophora sp. Fischer von Waldheim 1807 carrier shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
Galeodea bicatenata Sowerby 1815 snail
 Truncatelloidea - Hydrobiidae
Hydrobia sp. Hartmann 1821 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
"Turritella tricarinata" = Turritella (Turritella) tricarinata Brocchi 1814 turret shell
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
 Cheilostomata - Umbonulidae
Trigonopora monilifera Milne Edwards 1836
 Cheilostomata - Cellariidae
Cellaria sp. Ellis and Solander 1786
 Cheilostomata - Cupuladriidae
 Cheilostomata - Electridae
Electra sp. Lamouroux 1816
 Ctenostomata -
 Ctenostomata - Terebriporidae
 Clavulina - Clionaidae
Cliona sp. demosponge