Alba (Miocene of Italy)

Where: Piedmont, Italy (44.7° N, 8.1° E: paleocoordinates 44.6° N, 7.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• Sant'Agata Fossili Marls, Gessoso Solfifera Formation and Cassano Spinola Conglomerates (from bottom to top) (Dela Pierre et al. 2011)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified lithology not reported

• Piedmont basin. Deposited in an active transtensional and transpressional tectonic setting. The basin developed between the orogenic wedges of the Alps and Apennines during times of active structural evolution. The result was a complex physiography organized in sub-basins which, through time, hosted several mixed depositional systems characterized by different size, geometry, internal architectural styles and sedimentary facies associations. Since the Miocene, the whole area was dominated by transpressive tectonics. Post-Burdigalian sedimentation was achieved in a highly subsiding asymmetric trough (E–W oriented).

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: Repository: Civico Museo "Federico Eusebio", Alba

Primary reference: A. Nel and J. C. Paicheler. 1994. Les Lestoidea (Odonata, Zygoptera) fossiles: Un inventaire critique. Annales de Paléontologie 80(1):1-59 [M. Clapham/J. Karr/J. Karr]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 113998: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Jered Karr on 08.08.2011, edited by Matthew Clapham and Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Amnycithere propinqua2
Cassano Spinola
Loxochonca muelleri2
Cassano Spinola
Rectuvigerina tenuistriata2
Upper Sant'Agata (Bed 1)
 Planorbulinacea - Cibicididae
 Planorbulinacea - Planulidae
Planulina ariminensis2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Buliminacea - Uvigerinidae
Uvigerina sp.2 d'Orbigny 1826
Upper Sant'Agata
 Buliminacea - Buliminidae
Bulimina echinata2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Discorbacea - Bagginidae
Valvulineria bradyana2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Nonionacea - Nonionidae
Melonis barleanum2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Rotaliina - Bolivinidae
Bolivina dentellata2
Upper Sant'Agata
Brizalina sp.2 Costa 1856
Upper Sant'Agata
 Globigerinaceae - Globigerinidae
Globigerinoides sp.2 Cushman 1927
Upper Sant'Agata
Globigerina bulloides2 d'Orbigny 1826
Upper Sant'Agata
Orbulina sp.2 d'Orbigny 1839
Upper Sant'Agata
 Globigerinaceae - Globorotaliidae
Globorotalia conomiozea2
Upper Sant'Agata
Globorotalia nicolae2
Upper Sant'Agata
Neogloboquadrina atlantica2
Upper Sant'Agata
Neogloboquadrina acostaensis2 Blow 1959
Upper Sant'Agata
Turborotalita quinqueloba2
Upper Sant'Agata
Turborotalita multiloba2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Blattodea - Rhinotermitidae
Rhinotermes miocenicus n. sp.4 Nel and Paicheler 1993 termite
 Blattodea -
Ulmeriella sp.4 Meunier 1920 termite
G.593, G.786, G.787, G.788
 Odonata - Lestidae
Sympecma sp. Selys 1840 spread-winged damselfly
 Odonata - Epallagidae
Epallage sp.3 Charpentier 1840 damselfly
rear wing
 Odonata - Libellulidae
Oryctodiplax sp.1 Cavallo and Galletti 1987 common skimmer
At least 88 wings illustrated
Oryctodiplax gypsorum n. gen. n. sp.1 Cavallo and Galletti 1987 common skimmer
 Podocopida -
Cyprideis agrigentina2 ostracod
Cassano Spinola
 Pectinida - Propeamussiidae
Propeamussium sp.2 de Gregorio 1884 mud scallop
Upper Sant'Agata
 Cardiida - Dreissenidae
Congeria sp.2 clam
Cassano Spinola
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Limnocardium sp." = Lymnocardium2
"Limnocardium sp." = Lymnocardium2 Stoliczka 1870 cockle
Cassano Spinola
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
Cuspidaria sp.2 Dall 1886 clam
Upper Sant'Agata
 Thecosomata - Limacinidae
Limacina sp.2 Bosc 1817 snail
Upper Sant'Agata
 Thecosomata - Cavoliniidae
Cavolinia gypsorum2 Bellardi 1873 snail
Upper Sant'Agata (Bed 1)
Clio sp.2 Linnaeus 1767 snail
Upper Sant'Agata
 Sorbeoconcha - Melanopsidae
Melanopsis sp.2 Férussac 1807 snail
Cassano Spinola
 Euselachii -
Galeoidea echinophora2 elasmobranch
Upper Sant'Agata (Bed 1)
 Anguilliformes -
Anguilla sp.2 Schrank 1798 eel
Lower Gessoso Solfifera (Bed 3)
 Cyprinodontiformes - Cyprinodontidae
Aphanius crassicaudus2 Agassiz 1839 nono
Gessoso Solfifera (Bed 2, 3, 4)
 Pleuronectiformes - Soleidae
Microchirus bassanianus2 flatfish
Upper Gessoso Solfifera (Bed 4)
 Myctophiformes -
Myctophum sp.2 Rafinesque 1810
Upper Sant'Agata (Bed 1)
 Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei
Spratelloides sp.2 Bleeker 1851 herring
Lower Gessoso Solfifera (Bed 2, 3)
Alosa elongata2 Agassiz 1842 hering
Upper Sant'Agata
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo craverii2 Portis 1879 turtle
Upper Gessoso Solfifera (Bed 4)
Reticulofenestra sp.2 Hay et al. 1966
Upper Sant'Agata
Umbilicosphaera sp.2 Lohmann 1902
Upper Sant'Agata
 Prymnesiophycidae - Prymnesiophycidae
Discoaster sp.2 Tan 1902
Upper Sant'Agata
Sphenolithus abies2 Deflandre 1954
Upper Sant'Agata
Helicosphaera carteri
Helicosphaera carteri2 Wallich 1877
Upper Sant'Agata
 Cyperales - Commelinidae
Phragmites oeningensis2 common reed
Cassano Spinola (Bed 5)
  - Ceratolithaceae
Amaurolithus delicatus2
Upper Sant'Agata
 Miliolida - Discospirinidae
Discospirina sp.2
Upper Sant'Agata