Kaninah (Eocene of Yemen)

Where: Yemen (14.5° N, 48.4° E: paleocoordinates 4.3° N, 38.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Kaninah Formation, Middle Eocene (47.8 - 37.7 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; siltstone and sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: permineralized, original phosphate, replaced with silica

Primary reference: M. L. As-Saruri, P. J. Whybrow, and M. E. Collinson. 1999. Geology, fruits, seeds, and vertebrates (?Sirenia) from the Kaninah Formation (Middle Eocene), Republic of Yemen. Fossil Vertebrates of Arabia 443-453 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 47928: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 08.03.2005, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Nymphaeales - Nymphaeaceae
? Nymphaeaceae indet. Salisbury 1805 water lily
 Magnoliales - Annonaceae
Anonaspermum sp. Ball 1931 custard apple
 Mesangiosperms - Araceae
Araceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
? Caestocorbula sp. Vincent 1910 clam
 Pholadida - Raetomyidae
? Raetomya sp. Newton 1919 clam
 Loricata -
Eusuchia indet. crocodilian
An isolated tooth crown; a fragmentary anterior caudal vertebra; two partial left mid-dorsal or caudal dorsal ribs; a partial left ilium; a partial right paramedian dorsal osteoderm; a gastral (ventral) osteoderm
 Sirenia - Sirenia