Dry Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as UTEP Locality 1, UTEP Locality 5, UTEP Locality 26

Where: Eddy County, New Mexico (32.4° N, 104.5° W: paleocoordinates 32.4° N, 104.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "mid-Wisconsin... sediments introduced through fissures; stratigraphy was not apparent": radiocarbon dates on "bone scrap" include 33,590 +/- 1550 (Loc. 26), 29,290 +/- 1060 (Loc. 1), and 25,160 +/- 1730 (Loc. 5)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; lithology not reported

• localities 1 and 26 are "vertical fissures" whereas "Locality-5 deposits were water-laid, but shallow"
• none given

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: bone collector

Collected in 1966 - 1984

Collection methods: bulk, surface (float), sieve,

• "Large or fragile specimens were handpicked... Other specimens were recovered by washing the fossiliferous matrix through mesh screens (1.8-mm mesh, with many samples through 0.5-mm mesh)... Over 5000 items are catalogued"

Primary reference: A. H. Harris. 1987. Reconstruction of mid Wisconsinan environments in southern New Mexico. National Geographic Research 3(2):142-151 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 76059: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 09.11.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
"bony fishes"
 Salientia -
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone wilsoni, "Gopherus agassizi" = Gopherus agassizii
Geochelone wilsoni Milstead 1956 turtle
"Gopherus agassizi" = Gopherus agassizii Cooper 1863 Mojave desert tortoise
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
"Coragyps occidentalis" = Catharista occidentalis, Breagyps clarki
"Coragyps occidentalis" = Catharista occidentalis Miller 1909 black vulture
Breagyps clarki Miller 1910 New World vulture
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
cf. Colinus virginianus Linnaeus 1758 northern bobwhite
cf. Cyrtonyx montezumae Vigors 1830 Montezuma quail
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
"Anas ? americanus" = Mareca americana
"Anas ? americanus" = Mareca americana Gmelin 1789 American wigeon
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco ? peregrinus Tunstall 1771 peregrine falcon
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo virginianus Gmelin 1788 great horned owl
cf. Otus sp. Pennant 1769 scops owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Zenaida macroura Linnaeus 1758 mourning dove
 Cuculiformes - Cuculidae
Geococcyx californianus Lesson 1829 greater roadrunner
"Geococcyx californianus californianus"
 Piciformes - Picidae
Picidae indet. Vigors 1825 woodpecker
Colaptes auratus Linnaeus 1758 northern flicker
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Aphelocoma coerulescens Bosc 1795 Florida scrub jay
Corvus corax Linnaeus 1758 common raven
? Cyanocitta sp. Strickland 1845 jay
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Fulica americana Gmelin 1789 American coot
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipiter cf. striatus Vieillot 1897 sharp-shinned hawk
Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Crotaphytus collaris Say 1823 Collared lizard
Phrynosoma cornutum horned lizard
Phrynosoma douglassi horned lizard
Phrynosoma modestum Girard 1852 Roundtail horned lizard
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Crotalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 rattlesnake
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
Neotoma albigula Hartley 1894 white-throated woodrat
Neotoma pygmaea Harris 1984 pack rat
Neotoma findleyi Harris 1984 pack rat
Neotoma micropus Baird 1855 southern plains woodrat
"Pitymys ochrogaster" = Microtus ochrogaster Wagner 1842 prairie vole
Peromyscus boylii Baird 1855 brush mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus (Ictidomys) sp. Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
"Tamias (Neotamias) sp." = Neotamias Howell 1929 chipmunk
Cynomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 prairie dog
Ammospermophilus sp. Merriam 1892 antelope squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys sp. Wied-Neuwied 1839 pocket gopher
Pappogeomys sp. Merriam 1895 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Dipodomys sp. Gray 1841 kangaroo rat
"larger" and "smaller"
Perognathus (Perognathus) sp. Maximillian 1839 pocket mouse
Perognathus (Chaetodipus) sp. Maximillian 1839 pocket mouse
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
cf. Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Aztlanolagus agilis Russell and Harris 1986 rabbit
Lepus californicus Gray 1837 black-tailed jackrabbit
Sylvilagus audubonii Baird 1858 desert cottontail
"Sylvilagus nuttalli" = Sylvilagus nuttallii Bachman 1837 mountain cottontail
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
"Equus occidentalis" = Equus (Dolichohippus) simplicidens Cope 1892 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus Pallas 1780 black bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Spilogale sp. Gray 1865 skunk
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela cf. frenata Lichtenstein 1831 long-tailed weasel
cf. Taxidea taxus Schreber 1778 American badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes cf. velox Say 1823 swift fox
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
Urocyon cinereoargenteus Schreber 1775 gray fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx rufus, "Felis concolor" = Puma concolor, Panthera onca
Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
"Felis concolor" = Puma concolor Linnaeus 1771 puma
Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
 Phyllophaga - Nothrotheriidae
"Nothrotheriops shastensis" = Nothrotherium shastense
"Nothrotheriops shastensis" = Nothrotherium shastense Sinclair 1905 Shasta ground sloth
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis velifer Allen 1890 cave myotis
Plecotus sp. Geoffroy 1818 vesper bat
Antrozous pallidus Le Conte 1856 pallid bat
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
Tadarida macrotis free-tailed bat
Tadarida brasiliensis Geoffroy 1824 Mexican free-tailed bat
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
cf. Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelops cf. hesternus Leidy 1873 camel
Hemiauchenia sp. Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapra americana Ord 1815 pronghorn
Capromeryx sp. Matthew 1902 pronghorn