Faleloa site, Foa, Ha'apai Group (Holocene of Tonga)

Where: Tonga (19.7° S, 174.3° W: paleocoordinates 19.7° S, 174.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Reposited in the USNM

Primary reference: J. J. Kirchman and D. W. Steadman. 2005. Rails (Aves: Rallidae: Gallirallus) from prehistoric sites in the Kingdom of Tonga, including a description of a new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 118:465-477 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 194751: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 28.06.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Anous minutus Boie 1844 black noddy
Anous stolidus Linnaeus 1758 brown noddy
"Gygis candida" = Gygis alba candida Gmelin 1789 Pacific white tern
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Numenius tahitiensis, "Heteroscelus incanus" = Tringa incana
Numenius tahitiensis Gmelin 1789 bristle-thighed curlew
"Heteroscelus incanus" = Tringa incana Gmelin 1789 wandering tattler
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Pluvialis dominica Mueller 1776 American golden plover
 Galliformes - Megapodiidae
Megapodius alimentum Steadman 1989 consumed scrubfowl
Megapodius molistructor Balouet and Olson 1989 pile-builder megapode
Megapodius pritchardii Gray 1864 Niuafoou scrubfowl
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Gallus gallus Linnaeus 1758 chicken
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anas superciliosa Gmelin 1789 Pacific black duck
 Strigiformes - Tytonidae
Tyto alba Scopoli 1769 barn owl
 Psittaciformes - Psittaculidae
Prosopeia tabuensis Gmelin 1788 red shining-parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ptilinopus sp. Swainson 1825 fruit dove
Ptilinopus perousii Peale 1848 many-colored fruit-dove
Ptilinopus porphyraceus Temminck 1821 crimson-crowned fruit-dove
Ducula sp. Hodgson 1836 imperial pigeon
Ducula david Balouet and Olson 1987 Steadman's imperial-pigeon
Ducula latrans Peale 1848 Peale's imperial-pigeon
Ducula pacifica Gmelin 1789 Pacific imperial-pigeon
 Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae
"Halcyon chloris" = Todiramphus chloris
"Halcyon chloris" = Todiramphus chloris Boddaert 1783 collared kingfisher
 Passeriformes - Campephagidae
Lalage maculosa Peale 1848 Polynesian triller
 Passeriformes - Meliphagidae
"Foulehaio carunculata" = Foulehaio carunculatus
"Foulehaio carunculata" = Foulehaio carunculatus Gmelin 1788 eastern wattled-honeyeater
 Passeriformes - Sturnidae
Aplonis tabuensis Gmelin 1788 Polynesian starling
 Passeriformes - Monarchidae
cf. Clytorhynchus vitiensis Hartlaub 1866 Fiji shrikebill
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Gallirallus philippensis Linnaeus 1766 buff-banded rail
Count from Kirchman & Steadman, 2005
Porphyrio porphyrio Linnaeus 1758 western swamphen
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
"Puffinus pacificus" = Ardenna pacifica
"Puffinus pacificus" = Ardenna pacifica Gmelin 1789 wedge-tailed shearwater
 Pelecaniformes - Phaethontidae
Phaethon lepturus Daudin 1802 white-tailed tropicbird